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FDA. Listing of Food Additive Status

This Food Additives Status List, formerly called Appendix A of the Investigations Operations Manual (IOM), organizes additives found in many parts of 21 CFR into one alphabetized list.

This Food Additives Status List, formerly called Appendix A of the Investigations Operations Manual (IOM),  organizes additives found in many parts of 21 CFR into one alphabetized list. Additives included are those specified in the regulations promulgated under the FD&C Act, under Sections 401 (Food

The Food Additive Status List omits certain categories of additives. Here are the omissions:

Obviously safe substances not cited in a regulation as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). You may find such substances on an FDA web site, which contains received from companies sincE1998, and FDA's response.
Synthetic flavoring substances in 21CFR 172.515. The CFR does not contain a complete list of permissible flavorings. Certain trade groups such as the Flavor Extract Manufacturers Association have established expert panels to evaluate and make determinations on the GRAS status of their products. If y
Those pending administrative determination.
Substances granted prior sanction for specific use prior to enactment of the Food Additives Amendment. For additional information on these substances, contact the CFSAN Office of Food Additive Safety (HFS-200) at (240) 402-1200.
Indirect food additives, 21 CFR Parts 175, 176, 177, & Part 178 (except that sanitizing agents for food processing equipment as listed in 178.1010 are included in the Food Additives list.) Be aware that as a result of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 and Antimicrobial Regulation Technical Cor
Color additives, 21 CFR Parts 70, 71, 73, 74, 80 & 82. Go to the Color Additives Status List following the Food Additives Status list in Appendix A.
NOTE: The Food Additives Status List is provided only as a quick look-up on the use limitations for a food additive or pesticide chemical. It is possible that mistakes or omissions could have occurred. Additionally, there may be cases where the agency has offered interpretations concerning specific 

ABBREVIATIONS USED

AC	Anticaking agent
AOX	Antioxidant
BL	Bleaching agent or flour-maturing agent
CTG	Component or coating for fruits & vegetables
EMUL	Emulsifier
ESO	Essential oil and/or oleoresin (solvent free)
FLAV	Natural flavoring agent
FUM	Fumigant
HERB	Herbicide
INH	Inhibitor
NAT	Natural substances and extractives
NUTR	Nutrient
PEST	Pesticide other than fumigant
SANI	Sanitizing agent for food processing equipment
SEQ	Sequestrant
SP	Spices, other natural seasonings & flavorings
STAB	Stabilizer
AF	Antifoaming (or defoaming) agent
BC	Boiler compound
B&N	Buffer and neutralizing agent
DS	Dietary supplement
ENZ	Enzyme
FEED	Substances under the Food Additives Amendment added directly to feed
FL/ADJ	Substance used in conjunction with flavors
FUNG	Fungicide
HOR	Hormone
MISC	Miscellaneous
NNS	Non-nutritive sweetener
NUTRS	Nutritive Sweetener
PRES	Chemical preservative
SDA	Solubilizing and dispersing agent
SOLV	Solvent
SP/ADJ	Spray adjuvant
SY/FL	Synthetic flavor


Acacia (gum arabic)- EMUL/STAB, REG, Used as thickener, emulsifier, or stabilizer at =20% of alcoholic beverages-172.780, GRAS/FS, See Reg Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 169, Food Dressings and Flavorings; Part 169.179, Vanilla Pwd-184.1330
Acephate - PEST, REG, 40 CFR 180.108
Acesulfame potassium - NNS, REG, See Regulation -172.800
Acetic acid - B&N/FEED, GRAS/FS, Part 133, Cheese; Part 582.1005, In animal feed practices; 184.1005, 172.814
Acetic anhydride - MISC, REG, In modifying food starch -172.892
Acetone - SOLV, REG, 30 ppm - As residual solvent in spice oleoresins 173.210
Acetone peroxides - BL, REG/FS, GMP, Part 137, Cereal Flours -172.802
Acetyl-(p-nitrophenyl)-sulfanilamide - FEED, REG, See: Sulfanitran
N-Acetyl-L-Methionine (free, hydrated, or anhydrous, or sodium or potassium salts) - NUTR, REG, In foods, except infant foods and foods containing added nitrites/nitrates -172.372
Acetylated monoglycerides - EMUL, REG, GMP, Used in food, food processing, food pkg or food stg equipment -172.828
Acidified sodium chlorite solutions - REG, Microbial control agent in water for processing poultry, raw agricultural commodities, processed fruits, processed root, tuber, bulb, legume, fruiting (i.e., eggplant, groundcherry, pepino, pepper, tomatillo, and tomato), curcurbit and leafy vegetables, red
Acifluorfen, Sodium -Sodium salt of acifluorfen; tolerances for residues-40 CFR 180.383
Aconitic acid (equisetic acid, citridic acid, achilleic acid) -SY/FL, GRAS/FS - 184.1007
Acrolein - MISC, REG, In modifying food starch - 172.892
Acrylamide -acrylic acid resin - GMP, MISC, REG, < 5 ppm by wt of juice - Used in clarifying beet sugar or cane sugar juice and liquor or corn starch hydrolyzate - 173.5; < 10 ppm by wt of liquor or hydrolyzate; Fixing agent for the immobilization of glucose isomerase for use in manufactur­ing high 
Acrylamide-Sodium Acrylate Resin - MISC, REG, 173.5, Boiler Water Additive - 173.310, 172.710 - Adjuvants for pesticide use dilutions
Acrylic Acid 12-acrylamido-2,2-propionic sulfonic acid copolymer - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water - 173.310
Acrilonitrile copolymers - 180.22
Adjuvants for pesticides use dilutions - ADG/PEST, REG, Surfactants and adjuvants added to pesticide use dilutions to growing crops - 172.710
Adipic acid - B&N/FEED, GRAS, GMP, In animal feed practices - 582.1005 - FLV, GRAS - 184.1009
Adipic anhydride - MISC, REG, In modifying food starch -172.892
Agar-agar - MISC, GRAS/FS, GRAS - 184.1115 - 0.8% -In baked goods and baking mixes; 2.0% - In confections & frostings; 1.2% - In soft candy; 0.25% - In all other candy; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 150 Art Swt Jelly & Preserves
Aklomide (2-chloro-4-nitro-benzamide) - FEED, REG, 4.5 ppm - In liver & muscles of uncooked edible tissue -556.30; 3 ppm - In skin w/fat of chickens - 556.30 - UsE558.35
Alachlor -REG, Residues in or on agricultural commodities - 40CFR 180.249
DL-Alanine - FL/ADJ, REG, 1% of pickling spice - As a flavor enhancer for sweeteners in pickling mix - 172.540 L-Alanine - NUTR, REG - 172.320
Albendazole -VET, REG, Use in cattle as suspension -520.45a; Use in cattle as paste - 520.45b; 0.2 ppm - As residue in uncooked edible cattle tissue - 556.34 (aminosulfone metabolite); 0.6 ppm - As residue in uncooked edible cattle muscles - 556.34; 1.2 ppm - As residue in uncooked edible cattle liv
Alcohol, Denatured Formula 23A - MISC, REG - 73.1 Diluent in color additive mixtures for coloring shell eggs
Alcohol, SDA-3A - MISC, REG - 73.1 - Diluent in color additive for marking food
Alcohols/Phosphate Esters of Same Mixture - MISC, REG - 173.315, May be used at a level not to exceed 0.2 percent in lye-peeling solution to assist in the lye peeling of fruit and vegetables.
Aldicarb - PEST, REG - Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.269
Alfalfa, Extract - GRAS - 182.20
Alfalfa herb and seed - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10
Algae, brown (kelp), or red - NAT, GRAS, REG -184.1120, 184.1121 and 172.365
Alginic Acid and Salts:
Ammonium alginate - MISC, REG, Boiler Water Additive -173.310
Calcium alginate - GRAS - 184.1187
Potassium alginate - GRAS - 184.1610
Sodium alginate - GRAS, REG - 184.1724, Boiler Water Additive - 173.310
Alginic acid - GRAS, 184.1011
Algin - STAB, GRAS/FS, Part 133, Cheeses; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 150 Jellies and Preserves;
Alkanomide produced by condensation of coconut oil fatty acids and diethanolamine - MISC, REG, < 0.2% by wt application rate - In delinting of cottonseeds - 173.322
n-Alkyl (C12-C18) benzyldimethyl-ammonium chloride -cpds, av mol wt 351-380 - SANI, REG, < 200ppm or 150-400 ppm - Of active quaternary compound in the sanitizing solution - 178.1010
n-Alkyl (C12-C14) dimethylethylbenzyl ammonium chloride - SANI, REG, 200 ppm - Of active quaternary compound in the sanitizing solution - 178.1010
-alkyl-hydroxy-poly(oxyethylene) - MISC, REG, < 3 ppm in the flume water - In flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operations - 173.315; < 0.3% by wt application rate - In delinting of cottonseeds - 173.322
Alkylene Oxide Adducts of Alkyl Alcohols - MISC, REG, <0.2% in lye peeling - Assist in lye peeling of fruits and vegetables - 173.315
Allspice-SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Allspice oil and oleoresin - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Almond, bitter - ESO, GRAS, Free from prussic acid -182.20
Aloe - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Used only in conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase - ENZ, REG.GMP enzyme preparation (derived from Bacillus subtillis modified by recombinant methods to contain gene coding for enzyme from B. brevis), Used as a processing aid in the production of alcoholic malt beverages and distilled liquors -173.115.
Alpha-amylase - ENZ, REG, used to modify food starch -172.892
Alpha-galactosidase from Morteirella vinaceae var rafinoseutilizer - ENZ, REG, No residue in finished product - Used in the production of sugar (sucrose) from sugar beets and increase sucrose yield in molasses - 173.145
Althea flowers or root (marshmallow root) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP - Used only in conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Aluminum ammonium sulfate - B&N, GRAS - 182.1127
Aluminum calcium silicate - AC, GRAS/FS - 182.2122 -< 2% by wt - Table salt; Part 169.179, Vanilla Powder
Aluminum nicotinate - DS, REG, As a source of niacin in foods for special dietary use - 172.310
Aluminum phosphide (phosphine) -FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.225
Aluminum potassium sulfate - B&N, GRAS

 
Aluminum salts of fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP - Binder, emul, and AC agent - 172.863

 
Aluminum sodium sulfate - B&N, GRAS
Aluminum stearate - AF, REG, X-ref - Defoaming agent comp - 173.340 (Used in processing beet sugar & yeast)
Aluminum sulfate - MISC, GRAS, Part 582 - Animal feed; REG, <2.0% in combo. w/<2.0% of 1-octenyl succinic anhydride -In modifying food starch -172.892; FEED,GMP/GRAS - 582.1125
Ambergris - MISC, GRAS
Ambrette (seed) - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Amino Acids - 172.320
p-Aminobenzoic acid - MISC, GRAS, <30 mg per day
Aminoglycoside 3'phosphotransferase II - 173.170
Aminopeptidase from Lactococcus lactis - MISC, GRAS - To make cheddar cheese and protein hydrolysates -184, 1985
Amitraz - PEST, REG, see 40CFR 180.287
Ammonia - PEST,REG, Exemptions from the requirement of a tolerance - 40 CFR 180.1003
Ammoniated cottonseed meal - FEED, REG, <20% of total ration - In feed of ruminants as source of protein and non-protein nitrogen - 573.140; <10% of total ration for laying chickens - In feed of chickens as source of protein and non-protein nitrogen (573.140)
Ammoniated glycyrrhizin, licorice, or glycyrrhiza - MISC, FS, GMP, See Licorice
Ammoniated rice hulls - FEED, REG, <20 % of total ration - In feed of beef cattle as source of crude fiber and sole source of non-protein nitrogen - 573.160
Ammonium alginate - STAB, GRAS; BC, REG, GMP - In boiler water - 173.310
Ammonium bicarbonate - B&N, GRAS/FS, Part 163, Cacao Pdts; Part 582 - Animal feeds - 184.1135
Ammonium carbonate - B&N, GRAS/FS, Part 163, Cacao Pdts; Part 582 - Animal feeds - 184.1137
Ammonium caseinate - MISC, FS, Part 136, Bakery Products
Ammonium chloride - MISC, FS/GRAS, Part 136, Bakery Pdts - 184.1138
Ammonium hydroxide - B&N, GRAS/FS, Part 163, Cacao Pdts; Part 582 - Animal feeds - 184.1137, 184.1139
Ammonium persulfate - MISC, REG, <0.075% - Modifier for food starch - 172.892; <0.05% sulfur dioxide
Ammonium phosphate (mono- and dibasic) - B&N, GRAS/FS, Part 136, Bakery Pdts; Part 582 - Animal feeds -184.1139, 184.1141, 184.1141a, 184.1141b
Ammonium saccharin - NNS, See Saccharin
Ammonium sulfate - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1143
Amoxicillin -VET, REG, 0.01 ppm - In uncooked edible tissues of cattle - 556.38; In milk - 556.38; Use: As Powder & Bolus
Ampicillin -VET, REG, 0.01 ppm neg residues - In uncooked edible tissues of cattle & swine; In milk - 556.40;
Amprolium (1-(4-amino-2-n-propyl-5-pyrimldinyl-methyl)-2- picolinium chloride hydrochloride) alone or comb/w other drugs and antibiotics - FEED/VET, REG, 1 ppm - In uncooked liver and kidneys of chickens, turkeys, and pheasants as a residue - 556.50; 0.5 ppm - In uncooked muscle meat of chickens, tu
Amylase from Aspercillgus Oryzae - ENZ, REG -137.105, 137.155, 137.160, 137.165, 137.170, 137.175, 137.180, 137.185, 137.200, 137.205
Amyloglucosidase Enzyme Product - ENZ, REG, <0.1% by Wt. of gelatinized starch - 173.110 - Degrading gelatinized starch into constituent sugars, in the production of distilled spirits & vinegar
Amyris - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Used in conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Angelica (root, stem, seed) - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Angola weed - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic bev only -172.510
Angostura (cusparia bark) - ESO/SP, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Anhydrous ammonia - FEED, REG, > 16% but < 17% ammonia in feed premix - Source of crude fiber & non-pro-tein nitrogen - 573.180
Animal protein hydrolysate, cond - FEED, REG, Source of animal protein - 573.200
Anise, Star Anise - SP/ESO, GRAS
Anoxomer - AOX, REG, 5000 ppm - 172.105
Antibiotics for growth promotion and feed efficiency -FEED, REG, See Bacitracin Methylene Disalicylate; See Bacitracin Zinc, Bambermycins, Chlortetracycline, Erythromycin thiocyanate, Lincomycin, Monensin, Oleandomycin, Oxytetracycline, Tylosin, Virginiamycin;
Anthracite Coal, Sulfonated - MISC, REG - 173.25 - Ion Exchange Resins, Meeting requirements of ASTM method D388-38, Class 1, Group 2
Apramycin - REG, 0.1 ppm - In uncooked muscle of swine - 556.52; 0.3 ppm - In swine liver - do; 0.4 ppm - In kidney & fat of swine - do; Use: Drinking water -520.110
Apricot kernel (persic oil) - NAT, GRAS
Arabinogalactan - EMUL, REG, GMP, In essential oils, non-nutritive sweeteners, flavor bases, non-standardized dressings, and pudding mixes - 172.610; MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of microcapsules for flavoring oils - 172.230
Arginine (l form only) - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
Arnica flower extract - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Arsanilic acid - FEED, REG, (See Arsenic) In poultry feed - 558.55;558.58; 558.62; 558.248; 558.680; PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.550
Arsenic - FEED, REG, 2 ppm - As residue in liver & kidney of swine - 556.60; 2 ppm - As residue in edible bypdts of chickens & turkeys - do; 0.5 ppm - As residue in muscle meat of chickens & turkeys, in eggs, & in muscle meat and by-products (other than kidney & liver) of swine - do
Artemisia - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Finished food thujone free - 172.510
Artichoke leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Asafoetida - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Ascorbic acid - PRES, GRAS, GMP - 182.3013; DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5013; NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.8013; MISC, GRAS/FS, Part 137, Cereal Flours; 150.141, 150.161, Art Sw Jellies & Preserves; 155.200 - Canned Mushrooms & Artichokes
Ascorbyl palmitate - GRAS - For use as a preservative in foods - 182.3149
Asparagine (l-form) - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
Aspartame - NUTRS, REG, GMP, Sweetening agent, sugar substitute uses stated in - 172.804. Sugar substitute tablets, breakfast cereals, chewing gum, dry bases for beverages, instant coffee and tea beverages, gelatins, puddings, fillings, and dairy product analog toppi
Aspartic acid (l-form) - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
Aspergillus Niger - MISC, REG, For Fermentation Production of Citric Acid - 173.280
Avermectin B1 and its delta-8.9-isomer - 40CFR 449
Azaperone - VET, REG, Use: Swine (Injection) - 522.150
Azodicarbonamide - BL, REG/FS, 45 ppm in flour - Part 137, Cereal Flours & 172.806
B
Bacitracin, manganese bacitracin, zinc bacitracin, Bacitracin methylene disalicylate - FEED/VET, REG, 0.5 ppm (neg res) - As residue in meat and meat by-products of cattle, poultry, pheasants, quail, and swine and in milk & eggs - 556.70; For feed use seE558.55, 558.58, 558.62, 558.76, 558.78, 558.
Bacteria (harmless, lactic acid producing; propionic acid producing) - MISC, FS, Part 133, Cheeses; Part 166, Margarine
Bacterial Catalase - See Catalase, Bacterial Bakers Yeast Glycan - EMUL/STAB, REG, <10,000 organisms/gm by APC - 169.150, Salad Dressings; 172.898 as emulsifier; <10 yeast & molds/gm - Thickener, stabilizer or texturizer; < 5% - In salad dressings, 172.898; GMP, In frozen dessert analogs, sour cream
Bakers Yeast Protein (Saccharomyces Cerevisiae) -NUTR, REG, <10,000 organisms/gm by APC - In foods as Nutrient supplement, 172.325; <10 yeast and mold/gm in final product
Balm (lemon balm) - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20 Balsam of Peru - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Bambermycins - FEED, REG, For feed uses in chickens, turkeys, & swine - 558.95
Basil - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Basil (bush and sweet) - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Bay, Bay leaves - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Bay, (Myrcia Oil) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Beeswax (bleached, white wax) - MISC, GRAS
Beeswax (yellow wax) - MISC, GRAS - 184.1973
Beeswax, white (cire d'abeille) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction with flavors - 172.510
Benomyl - FUNG, REG, Pesticide, Tolerances for residues -40 CFR 180.294
Bensulfuron methyl - HERB, REG, Tolerances for residues 40 CFR 180.445
Bentazon - REG, 40 CFR 180.355
Bentonite - FEED, GRAS, GMP 21CFR 582.1155
Benzathine cloxacillin -VET, REG, 0.02 ppm - As residues in milk - 556.115; Use: Infusion - 526.363
Benzene - MISC, REG, 1.0 ppm - In modified hop extract for beer - 172.560
Benzoic Acid - PRES, GRAS, 0.1%
Benzoin Resin - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction with flavors - 172.510, 73.1
Benzophenone
Benzoyl Peroxide - BL, FS, Part 137, Cereal Flours; Part 133 for milk to be used in certain cheeses
Bergamot (bergamot orange) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Beta-carotene - NUTR, GRAS, GMP, Use: Direct human food ingredient - 184.1245
BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) - AOX/FS, GRAS, 0.02% - Of fat or oil content, incl essential (volatile) oil, or food, incl oleomargarine - Part 166, Margarine; AOX, REG, 10 ppm, alone or w/BHT - In potato granules - 172.110; 32 ppm - In mixed diced, glazed fruits - 1
BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) - AOX, GRAS, 0.02% -Of fat or oil content, incl essential oil, of food, incl oleomargarine Part 166 - Margarine; FS, 33 ppm in rice - In enriched parboiled rice - Part 137.350; FS, <0.02% in oleomargarine - In any animal fat ingredient permitted in oleo-margarine not t
Bicarbonate of soda - B&N, GRAS/FS - 137.270, Self-rising Cornmeal
Bifenthrin - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.442
Bile salts & Ox Bile Extract - SDA, GRAS - 184.4560
Bioflavonoids, citrus - DS, ILL, Any claim for special dietary use renders the food misbranded (VitaSafe case)
Biotin - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5159; 182.8159
1,1-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2,-trichloroethanol - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.163
Bitter almond - ESO, GRAS, Free of prussic acid - 182.20
Biuret, feed grade - NUTR, REG, GMP, In feed for rumi­nants except those producing milk for human consumption -573.220
Blackberry bark extract - FL/ADJ, REG, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Boiler water additives - Ammonium alginate, cobalt sulfate, lignosulfonic acid, monobutyl ether of polyoxyethylene glycol or potassium tripolyphosphate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium glucoheptonate, sodium humate, sodium metasilicate, sodium metabisulfite, po
Hydrazine - BC, REG, In steam contacting food
Acrylamide-sodium acrylate resin - BC, REG, 0.05% of acrylamide monomer - In steam contacting food
Cyclohexylamine or Morpholine - BC, REG, <10 ppm - In steam contacting food except milk and milk products
Octadecylamine - BC, REG, <3 ppm - In steam con­tacting food except milk and milk products
Diethylaminoethenol - BC, REG, 15 ppm - In steam contacting food except milk and milk products
Trisodium nitrilotriacetate - BC, REG, <5 ppm in feed water - In steam contacting food except milk and milk products
Polymaleic acid and/or its sodium salt - BC, REG, Total < 1 ppm in feed water - In steam contacting food
Sorbitol anhydride esters (a mixture of sorbitan monostearate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan mono stearate (polysorbate 60) and polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20) - BC, REG, Eac
Bois de rose - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Boldus leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Borax - MISC, ILL, No petition filed, Illegal for use in foods incl. wax ctg for fruits and vegetables. MID permits use in export meats.
Boron - MISC, REG, <310 ppm - In modified hop extract from sodium borohydride - 172.560
Boronia flowers - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Bromelin or Bromelain (spelling optional) - MISC, MIA, To soften tissue of meats; ENZ, REG, As an enzyme preparation (optional ingredient) in bakery products - 136
Bromides, inorganic - FUM, REG, X-ref - Inorganic bromides
Brominated vegetable oil - STAB, INTERM/REG, <15 ppm - In fruit flavored beverages where not precluded by a standard - 180.30
Bryonia root - FLA/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Bucha leaves oil - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Buckbeen leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Buquinolate - FEED, REG, 0.4 ppm - In liver, kidney & skin of chickens - 556.90; 0.1 ppm - Residue in muscle of chickens - do; 0.5 ppm - Residues in uncooked yolk of eggs - do;0.2 ppm - Residues in uncooked whole eggs - do; Feed use in chickens, seE558.62, 558.530 & 558.105
Butadiene styrene rubber - MISC, REG, In chewing gum base - 172.615
Butane, n-butane, iso-butane - MISC, GRAS - 184.1165
Butoxy monoether of mixed (ethylene-propylene) polyalkylene glycol - SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage - 178.1010
n-Butoxypolyoxyethylene polyoxypropylene glycol -AF, REG, GMP, X-ref - Defoaming agent component (used in processing beet sugar) - 173.340
Butter Starter distillate - FLAV, FL/ADJ, GRAS, GMP -184.1848
Butyl acetate
Butyl Alcohol - MISC, REG - 73.1, 172.560 - Modified hop extract
1,3-Butylene glycol - SOLV, REG, GMP, In nat & syn flavoring substances except where standards preclude use -173.220, 573.225. Used in the manufacture of sausage casings as a formulation aid and processing aid - 172.712.
Tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) - AOX, REG - 172.185, 0.02% of fat or oil content, incl essential (volatile) oil, of food 2(p-tert-Butylphenoxy) cyclohexyl 2-propynyl sulfite PEST, REG, See Propargite
Butyl rubber - MISC, REG, Component of chewing gum base - 172.615
Butyl stearate - AF, REG, X-ref - Defoaming agent component (used in proc. beet sugar & yeast) - 173.340
C
Cacao - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Cadmium sulfide - COLOR, ILL, Prior sanction for use as colorant in polystyrenes withdrawn - FD 1-8-69
Caffeine - MISC, GRAS, 0.02% - Cola-type beverages
Cajeput - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction with flavors
Calamus, root, oil or extract - FLAV, ILL, Illegal in foods
Calcium acetate - SEQ, GRAS - 184.1185
Calcium alginate - STAB, GRAS - 184.1187
Calcium ascorbate - PRES, GRAS - 182.3189
Calcium bromate - BL, FS, <0.0075 part for each 100 parts by wt of flour used - Part 136 - Bakery Products
Calcium bromide - SANI, REG, <200 ppm avail halogen - Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Calcium carbonate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Part 137, admixed w/benzoyl peroxide for bleaching flour; Part 136, Bakery Pdts; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 582, Animal feeds; 184.1191; EMUL, REG, Comb w/any other optional emulsifying ingredients listed in 169.115 including sodium hexametaphosphate; DS/NUTR,
Calcium caseinate - MISC, FS, Part 135, Frozen Desserts except water ices; Part 133, Creamed Cottage Cheese
Calcium chloride - MISC, GRAS/FS, 184.1193, Parts 131, 133, 150, 155 & 156 in Evaporated Milk; Cheese & Cheese Products; Part 133; VET, REG, For use in mastitis formulations for treating dairy animals - 526.820
Calcium citrate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Part 133, Process Cheese, Cheese Food & Spread, Part 150, Art Sw Fruit Jelly Preserves & Jam, Parts 155 & 156, certain canned vegetables; Part 31; Part 582 - Animal feeds; DS/NUTR, GRAS,GMP - 182.5195, 182.8195
Calcium cyclamate - NNS, ILL, Removed from GRAS List 10-21-69. Legal only in products complying with drug provisions of the law.
Calcium diacetate - SEQ, GRAS, See calcium acetate
Calcium dioxide (Ca peroxide) - MISC, FS, Part 136
Calcium disodium ethylenediamine-tetraacetate [(calcium ethylenedinitrilo) tetraacetate]; calcium disodium EDTA - AF, REG, 25 ppm - Fermented malt beverages - 172.120; Antigushing agent; MISC, 60 ppm - Spice extractives in soluble carriers; Color & flavor; 100 ppm - 
Calcium gluconate - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP - 184.1199; Part 150, Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; Part 582, Animal feeds Calcium glycerophosphate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP -182.8201, 182.5201
Calcium hexametaphosphate - SEQ, GRAS status under review
Calcium hydroxide - MISC/B&N, GRAS/FS, Part 155, Canned Peas; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 582, Animal feeds - 184.1205
Calcium hypochlorite - SANI, REG, <200 ppm avail Cl - Adequate drainage - 178.1010; MISC, REG, < 0.036% Cl of dry starch - In modifying food starch for use in batter for commercially processed foods - 172.892
Calcium iodate - MISC, FS, <0.0075 parts for each 100 parts by wt. of flour used - Part 136, Bakery Pdts; NUTR. GRAS - 184.1206
Calcium iodobehenate - DS, GRAS, Animal Feed - 582.80
Calcium lactate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Parts 136, Bakery Pdts; Part 150, Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; Part 155, Canned Veg; Part 582, Animal Feeds - 184.1207; MISC, GRAS/FS, < amount which yields 0.051% calcium by wt in finished food - Improve crispness in canned bean sprouts
Calcium lactobionate - MISC, REG, GMP, Firming agent in dry pudding mixes - 172.720
Calcium lignin sulfonate (and/or sodium salt) - FEED, REG, <4 % of finished pellets - As sole pelleting aid in animal feeds - 573.600; < 11% - Surfactant in molasses used in feeds as a source of metabolizable energy - 573.600
Calcium lignosulfonate - SP/ADJ, REG, GMP, Dispersing agent and stabilizer in pesticides for pre- or post-harvest use on bananas - 172.715
Calcium orthophosphate - B&N, FS, GMP GRAS - See calcium phosphate (tribasic)
Calcium oxide - MISC, GRAS/FS, Part 135 Frozen Desserts; Part 582, Animal feeds; DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP -182.5210, 182.8210, 184.1210
Calcium pantothenate -NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP, 182.5212, 184.1212
Calcium pantothenate (calcium chloride double salt of) d- or dl-form - DS, REG, GMP, Label of additive container or any intermediate premix prepared there-from shall contain name of the additive and the concentration of additive expressed as pantothenic acid - 172.33
Calcium periodate - FEED, REG, Nutr source of iodine in salt for livestock - 573.240
Calcium peroxide (Same as calcium dioxide) - MISC, FS, <0.0075 parts for each 100 parts wt. of flour used -Parts 136, Bakery Pdts
Calcium phosphate (mono-) - MISC, GRAS/FS, Part 150, Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; Part 155.200, Cnd Potatoes, Cnd Green or Red Sw Peppers, Canned Carrots; Part 155.190(a), Canned Tomatoes; Part 136, Bread; Part 582, Animal feeds
Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-) -NUTR/MISC, GRAS/FS, Part 137, Cereal Flours and other standardized foods
Calcium phosphate (mono-, di, or tribasic) - MISC, GRAS/FS, Part 150, Art Sw Jelly and Preserves; Part 136, Bread; DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5217, 182.8217
Calcium propionate - PRES, GRAS/FS, Part 136 Bakery Pdts; Part 133, Cheeses; Part 150, Art Sw Fruit Jelly & Preserves -184.1221, 184.1784
Calcium pyrophosphate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP -182.5223, 182.8223
Calcium saccharin - NNS, INTERIM, See Saccharin
Calcium salt of partially dimerized rosin - CTG, REG, GMP, X-ref - Coating on fresh citrus fruit - 172.210
Calcium salts - MISC, FS, 0.026% - Part 155.190(k), Cnd Tomatoes; Part 155.200, Canned Potatoes, Green or Red Sweet Peppers, Lima Beans, Carrots; Part 136, Enriched Bread, Rolls & Buns
Calcium salts of fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP - Binder, emul, and AC agent - 172.863
Calcium silicate (including synthetic) - AC, FS, <2% -Part 169.179 Vanilla Powder; AC, REG, GMP, Max 2% in foods except 5% in baking powder - 172.410; <2% - In animal feeds - 573.260
Calcium sorbate - PRES, GRAS - 182.3225
Calcium stearate - AC, REG/FS, <2% by wt. - Part 169.179, Vanilla Powder; AF, REG, GMP, In beet sugar and yeast - 173.340; MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1229
Calcium stearate, feed grade - FEED, REG, GMP, As anti-caking agent in feeds - 573.280
Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate - MISC, REG/FS, <0.5 part/100 parts flour - Part 136, Bakery Pdts - 172.844; MISC, REG, <0.05% - As a whipping agent in liquid & frozen egg whites; MISC, REG, <0.5% - As a whipping agent in dried egg whites; MISC, REG, <0.3% by wt of fin­ished pdt - As whipping agent in 
Calcium sulfate - MISC, GRAS/FS; Part 133, Cheese and Related Cheese Pdts; Part 137, Cereal Flours; Part 136, Bakery Pdts; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 150, Art Sw. Jelly & Preserves; Part 155, Cnd Vegetables; Part 156, Cnd Tomatoes - 184.1230
Calendula - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Calumba root - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP - In alcoholic bever­ages only - 172.510
Camomile, camomile flowers English, Roman, German, Hungarian - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Camphor tree - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Comp of flavors - safrole free - 172.510
Cananga - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Candida lipolytica - ENZ, REG, Fermentation organism for production of citric acid - 173.165
Candida guilliermondii - ENZ, REG, Complete absence - Fermentation production of citric acid - 173.160
Candelilla Wax - CTG, GRAS, GMP - 184.1976
Canola oil - MISC, GRAS, X-Ref - Rapeseed oil, Raw Erusic Acid
Capers - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Caproic acid - MISC, REG, <1% aliphatic acids - In peeling soln for fruits & veg - 173.315
Caprylic acid - PRES, GRAS, In cheese wraps; MISC, REG, <1% aliphatic acids - In peeling soln for fruits & vegs
-173.315
Capsicum - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Captan - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR
Caramel - MISC, GRAS - 182.1235
Caraway - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Caraway, black (black cumin) - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Carbadox - FEED, REG, ZERO - Residues in uncooked edible tissue of swine using procedures in 556.100; FEED, REG, Feed Use: 558.115
Carbarsone (not USP) - FEED, REG, 0.025% to 0.0375% in the feed - In feed for turkeys - 558.680, 558.120; FEED, REG, 2 ppm - As residue in edible byproducts of chicken & turkeys - 556.60; 0.5 ppm - As residue in muscle meat of chickens & turkeys & eggs - do
Carbaryl - INSECT, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.169
Carbofuran - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues I40 CFR 180.254
Carbohydrase enzyme derived from Aspergillus niger - ENZ, REG. GMP, For removal of visceral mass in clam pro­cessing or shell from shrimp - 173.120
Carbohydrase enzyme derived from Rhizopus Oryzae - ENZ, REG. Used in the production of dextrose - 173.130
Carbomycin - FEED, REG, ZERO - Residues in edible tissues of chickens - 556.110; Use in comb/w oxytetracycline HCl - 520.1660a (Drinking Water)
Carbon dioxide - MISC, GRAS - 184.1240
Carbon monoxide - MISC, REG, 4.5% by volume - In gas combustion product - 173.350
Carbon disulfide - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.467
Carboxymethylcellulose - STAB, FS, Part 133, Cheeses; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 169, Dressings for Foods & Flavorings; GRAS
Cardamom (cardamon) - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Cardamom Oleoresin - ESO, GRAS, 182.20
Cardamom seed (cardamon) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Carnauba wax - MISC, GRAS - 184.1978
Carob bean - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Carob bean extract -ESO, GRAS -182.20
Carob bean gum (locust bean gum) - STAB/EMUL, FA/FS, Part 133, Cheeses; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 169 Dressings for Foods; Part 150, Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; GRAS -184.1343
Carotene - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP, 182.5245 - 182.8245
Carrageenan and its ammonium, calcium, potassium, or sodium salts - STAB, REG, GMP, In foods, except for those standardized food that do not provide for such use -172.620, 172.626; STAB, REG/FS, <0.8% by wt of finished cheese - Part 133, various sections, Cheese Prdts
Carrageenan or carrageenan salts with Polysorbate 80 -MISC, REG, 500 ppm polysorbate 80 in final food contain­ing the additives - For producing foods in gel form - 172.623 (SeE172.620, 172.626, & 172.840 for specifications)
Carrot - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Cascara sagrada - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction with flavors - 172.510
Cascarilla bark - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Cassia, cassia bark (Chinese, Padang or Batavia, Saigon) - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Cassie flowers - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Castoreum - MISC, GRAS - 182.50
Castor Oil - MISC, REG, < 500 ppm in hard candy - A release and anti-sticking agent - 172.876; GMP, Comp. pro­tect ctg vit & min tabs. Meet Specs in USP XIX; FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Catalase, Bacterial (derived from Micrococcus lysodeikticus) - ENZ, REG/FS, < 20 ppm of the wt of the milk treated - To destroy hydrogen peroxide in mfr of cheese - 173.135;133.113;
Catechu, black - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction with flavors - 172.510
Cayenne pepper - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Cedar, White (arborvitae) leaves and twigs - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Finished food thujone free, Used in conjunction with flavors - 172.510
Ceftiofur - VET, REG, 3.0 ppm - Use as sterile powder -522.313; Residue in muscle - 556.113; 9.0 ppm - Residue in kidney - do; 6.0 ppm - Residue in liver - do; 12.0 ppm -Residue in fat - do
Celery seed - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Cellulase enzyme derived from Aspergillus niger - ENZ, REG, GMP, For removal of visceral mass in clam processing and shell from shrimp - 173.120
Cellulose gum - STAB, GRAS/FS, X-ref - Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose
Cellulose triacetate - MISC, GMP, Fixing agent for the immobilization of lactase for use in reducing the lactose content of milk - 173.357
Centaury (centrurium) herb - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Cephapirin, sodium - VET, REG, 0.02 ppm - Residues in milk, 556.115; Use - 529.365; 0.1 ppm - Residues in uncooked edible tissues of cattle - 556.115; Use: Infusion -529.365
Cephapirin benzathine - VET, REG, 0.02 ppm - As residue in milk - 556.115; Use: Infusion - 526.363
Cetyl Alcohol, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP, See Fatty alcohols, synthetic - 172.864
Cetylpyridinium chloride - REG, Used as an antimicrobial agent in a fine mist spray to treat the surface of raw poultry carcasses prior to immersion in a chiller at a level not to exceed 0.3 gram cetylpyridinium chloride per pound of raw poultry carcass. The solution shall also contain propylene gly
Chamomile Flower - SP, REG - 182.10
Chamomile Flower, English, Oil - ESO, REG - 182.20
Chemicals for controlling micro-organisms in cane sugar and beet sugar mills-REG 173.320
Chemicals used in delinting cottonseed - 173.322
Chemicals used in washing fruits & vegs. or to assist in peeling fruits and vegs. Polyacrylamide, Potassium bromide, Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, Sodium hypochlorite, sodium 2-ethyl-l- hexylsulfate, sodium n-alkylbenzene sulfonate, sodium mono- and dimethyl-naphthalene sulfonates- mol wt 245-260,
Cherry-laurel leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only; <25 ppm prussic acid - 172.510
Cherry-laurel water - FL/ADJ - 172.510
Cherry, pits, extract - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only; <25 ppm prussic acid - 172.510
Cherry, wild, bark - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Chervil - ESO/SP/FLAV, GRAS - 182.10
Chervil extract -ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Chestnut leaves/extract - FL/ADJ, REG, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Chewing gum base, MISC, REG, GMP, Chicle, chiquibul, crown gum, gutta hang kang, jelutong, massaranduba balata, massaranduba chocolate, nispero, lechi caspi, pendare, perillo, rosidinha, Venezuelan chicle, Leche de vaca, Niger gutta, tunu, chilte, natural rubber, glycerol ester of tall oil resin, et
Chicle - MISC, REG, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Chicory - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Chilte - MISC, REG, Chewing gum base - 172.615
Chilquibul - MISC, REG, Comp of chewing gum base -172.615
Chirata (Chiretta, East Indian Bolonong) & herb extract
- FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510 Chives - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Chloramphenicol - VET, REG, ZERO - Drug in any form may not be used in food (meat, milk, and egg) producing animals
Chlorhexidine dihydrochloride -VET, REG, ZERO Residue in edible tissues of calves - 556.120
Chlorimuron ethyl - PEST, REG, Tolerance for Residues 40 CFR 180.429
Chlorine & chlorine dioxide - BL, FS, GMP, Part 137, Cereal Flours
Chlorine dioxide - MISC, REG, Used as an antimicrobial agent in poultry process water at a concentration not to exceed 3 ppm residual chlorine dioxide. Used as an antimicrobial agent in water used to wash fruits and vegetables that ar
Chlorine dioxide, stabilized - SANI, REG, For use as rinse for food processing equipment - 178.1010
Chlorobutanol - VET, REG, ZERO - In milk from dairy animals from use of mastitis formulations - 526.820; As residues - 556.140
Chlorofluorocarbon-113 - MISC, REG, GMP, To cool or freeze chickens - 173.342
Chloromethylated aminated styrene di-vinylbenzene resin - MISC, REG, 500 ppm in sugar liquor - To clarify sugar liquor - 173.70
2-Chloro-4-nitrobenzamide - FEED, REG, See Aklomide
Chloropentafluoroethane alone or comb/w carbon dioxide nitrous oxide, propane, or octafluorocyclobutane - MISC, REG, Used as a propellant and aerating agent in food except where food standards preclude
2-(m-Chlorophenoxy) propionic acid - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.325
Chlorpyrifos-methyl - INSECT, REG, 90 ppm - As residue in/or on barley milling fraction - Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.419
Clorsulon -VET, REG, Use: As a drench for cattle -520.462; 1.0 ppm - As residue in uncooked edible muscle tissue of cattle - 556.163; 2.0 ppm - As residue in uncooked liver - do; 3.0 ppm - As residue in kidney - do; 4.0 ppm - As residue in uncooked cattle fat - do; As injection for cattle; combinati
Chlortetracycline - FEED/VET, REG, 4 ppm - Residues in uncooked kidneys of chickens & turkeys; 1 ppm - In uncooked muscle, liver, fat & skin of chickens and turkeys as residue - 556.150; ZERO - Residues in eggs - 556.150; 4 ppm - Residues in uncooked kidney of swine - 556.150; 2 ppm -Residues in unc
Chlortetracycline - FEED, REG, Sulfa: 0.1 ppm (neg residue) - Residue in uncooked edible tissues of swine, 556.690;
+Procaine Penicillin - Penicillin: 0 - Residue in uncooked edible tissues of swine, 556.510;
+Sulfathiazole - Chlortetracycline: 4 ppm - Residue in uncooked edible tissue of swine kidney - 556.150; 2 ppm -Residue in uncooked edible tissue of swine liver - 556.150; 1 ppm - Residue in uncooked edible tissue of swine muscle - do;0.2 ppm - Residue in uncooked edible tissue of swine fat - do; Us
Chlortetracycline - FEED, REG, Sulfa: 0.1 ppm (neg residue) - Residues in uncooked edible tissues of cattle & swine - 556.670
+Procaine Penicillin - Penicillin: 0 - Residue in uncooked edible tissues of swine - 556.510 +Sulfamethazine - Chlortetracycline: - 4 ppm - Residue in uncooked kidney of swine, 556.150; 2 ppm - Residue in uncooked liver of swine, 556.150; 1 ppm - Residue in uncooked muscle of swine, 556.150; 0.2 ppm
Chlorpyrifos - PEST, REG, - Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.342
Choline bitartrate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5250, 182.8250
Choline chloride - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5252. 182.8252
Choline xanthate - FEED, REG, GMP, For poultry, swine & ruminants - 573.300
Chymosin enzyme preparation derived from E. Coli K­12 - ENZ, GRAS, GMP, As a stabilizer & thickener -184.1685; derived from Aspergillus niger - ditto.
Cinchona bark, red or yellow - FL/ADJ, REG, < 83 ppm total - Cinchona alkaloids in finished beverage - 172.510
Cinnamon & bark & leaf, Ceylon, Chinese, and Saigon -O/SP, GRAS, 182.10 and 182.20
Cinnamyl anthranilate - SYL/FL, BAN, ZERO - 189.113
Cinnamyl formate
Cire d'abielle - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, X-ref Beeswax, white -172.510
Citric acid - SEQ/B&N, GRAS/FS - 182.1033, 182.6033 -GMP, Part 169, Dressings; Part 133, Part 146 Canned Fruit Juices; Cheese; Part 166, Oleomargarine; FEED, GRAS, GMP, Part 582.1033 - Animal feeds; REG - 172.755, 173.165
Citronella - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Citrus bioflavonoids - DS, ILL, Any claim for special dietary use renders the food misbranded (Vitasafe Case)
Citrus peels - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Civet (zibeth, zibet, zibetum) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Clary (clary sage) - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Clopidol (3,5-Dichloro-2,6-dimethyl-4-pyridinol) - FEED, REG, 0.02 ppm - Residues in milk - 556.160; 0.2 ppm -Residues in cereal grains, vegs, fruits, meat of cattle, sheep and goats, and in edible tissues of swine - 556.160; 1.5 ppm - Residues in liver of cattle, sheep & goats - 556.160; 5 ppm - Re
Clopyralid - HERB, REG, Tolerances for residues - 40 CFR 180.431
Cloxacillin -VET, REG, 0.01 ppm - Residues in milk; uncooked edible tissue of cattle - 556.165
Clove, bud, leaf, and stem - ESO, GRAS - 184.1257
Clover - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Cloves - SP, GRAS - 184.1257
Coatings on fresh citrus fruits - CTG, REG, GMP -172.210
Cobalt (acetate, carbonate, chloride, oxide, sulfate) -NUTR, GRAS, As nutritional dietary supplement in animal feed - 582.80
Cobaltous salts (acetate) - MISC, ILL, Illegal for use, 172.260 revoked chloride, sulfate) 8/12/66
Coca (decocainized) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Cocoa butter substitute from palm oil - GRAS, GMP - In the following food categories: confections and frostings; coatings of soft candy; sweet sauces and toppings -184.1259
Cocoa butter substitute from coconut oil, palm kernel oil or both - ESO, REG, Coating material for vitamins, citric acid, succinin acid and spices. In lieu of cocoa butter in sweets - 172.861
Cocoa with dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate for manufacturing -FLV,REG, 75 ppm of finished beverage -0 172.520
Coffee - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Cognac oil, white and green - MISC, GRAS - 182.50
Cola nut - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Colloidal Silicon dioxide - AC, REG, X-ref - Silicon dioxide
Combustion product gas - MISC, REG, GMP, To displace or remove oxygen in processing, stg, or pkging of beverage pdts and other foods, except fresh meats - 173.350
Condensed animal protein hydrolysate - FEED, REG, < 5% poultry feed - For use - 573.200; < 10% cattle feed
Copaiba - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Copals, Manila - MISC, REG, 73.1 - Diluents in color additive mixtures
Copolymer condensates of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide - STAB, REG, GMP, Stabilizing agent in flavor concentrates; processing aid and wetting agent w/DSS for fumaric acid - 172.808; MISC, REG, 0.5% by weight of flour - In yeast leavened bakery products as a dough condition­er, if Standards perm
Copper - PEST, REG, Tolerances for residues - 40 CFR 180.538; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance-40 CFR 180.1021
Copper (carbonate, chloride, gluconate, hydroxide, ortho -phosphate, oxide, pyrophosphate, sulfate) - NUTR, GRAS, As nutritional dietary supplement in animal feed; PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.136
Copper gluconate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP, In any food -182.5260, 182.1260
Copper (cuprous) iodide - NUTR/DS, GRAS, <0.01% - In table salt as a source of dietary iodine - 184.1265
Copper sulfate - NUTR/SUPPL, GRAS, GMP, Processing aid - 184.1261
Coriander - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Cork, oak - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Corn dextrin - NUTRS, GRAS, GMP - 184.1277
Corn gluten - GRAS, GMP - 184.1321
Corn silk - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Corn sugar - NUTRS, GRAS, GMP - 184.1857
Corn syrup - NUTRS, GRAS, GMP - 184.1865
Corn Syrup, High Fructose - NUTRS, GRAS, GMP -182.1866
Costmary - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Costus root - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Cottonseed & soybean fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP ­In foods as a lubricant, binder, defoaming agent & compo­nent in manufacture of other food grade additives - 172.860
Cottonseed flour (cooked and partially defatted) -MISC, REG, SeE172.894 for specifications
Cottonseed Products (modified) - MISC, REG, 60 ppm N-hexane < 1% fat by wt of finished product - Decorticated ground cottonseed kernels - 172.894
Coumaphos(0,0-Diethylo-3-chloro-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl phosphorothioate) Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.189; Uses in cattle & chicken feeds -558.185
 
Coumarin - SY/FS, BAN, Any food containing coumarin added as such or as a constituent of tonka beans or tonka extract is adulterated.
Coumarone-idene resin - CTG, REG, < 200 ppm fresh wt basis on fruit - As protective coating for fruit - 172.215
Crambe meal, heat toasted - 573.310
Cryolite (Sodium aluminum fluoride) - fluorine com­pounds - Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.145
Cubeb - FL/ADJ, REG, MP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Cumin (cummin) - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10 and 182.20
Cumin, black (black caraway) - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Cuprous iodide - NUTR/DS, GRAS, 0.01% - In table salt as a source of dietary iodine -184.1265
Curacao orange peel (orange, bitter, peel) - ESO, GRAS -182.20
Curdlan - MISC, EMUL, STAB, REG/FS, GMP - 172.809
Currant black, buds & leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Cusparia bark - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Cyano(3-phenoxy phenyl)-methyl-4-chloro-alpha-(1-methylethyl) benzeneacetate - PEST, REG, 20 ppm - As residue in apple pomace to be used in animal feeds -561.97; PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.379
Cyclamates - NNS, ILL, NOT LEGAL IN FOOD
Cyclohexane - MISC, REG, 73.1 - Diluents in color additive mixtures
Cyclohexylamine - BC, REG, 10 ppm in steam - Except in steam in contact with milk and milk products - 173.310
Cyfluthrin - INSECT, REG, Tolerances for Residues 180.436
Cyhexatin - INSECT, REG, Use: In animal feed -Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.144
Cyromazine - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.414
Cysteine (l-form) - MISC, FS, 0.009 parts per 100 parts flour by wt. - Part 136 - Bakery Products; 184.1271; 184.1272; NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
Cysteine (l-form) monohydrochloride - MISC, GRAS -184.1272 - Used to supply up to 0.009 part of total L-cys-teine per 100 parts of flour in dough as a dough strength­ener
Cystine (l form) - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
D
Damar Gum (Shorea dipterocarpaceae) - Diluents in color additives - 73.1
2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) - PEST, REG, 2 ppm - Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.142
Damiana leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Dandelion, dandelion root - ESO, GRAS,
Dandelion, fluid extract (Taraxacum spp.) - GRAS -182.20
DDVP - FEED, REG, See Dichlorvos
Decalactone alone or comb/w dodecalactone - FLAV, REG, <10 ppm alone or <20 ppm comb - As artificial fla­voring in oleomargarine. Part 166 - 172.515
Decanoic Acid - SANI, REG, 109 - 218 ppm total fatty acids - Component of sanitizing solution - 178.1010, Coating for fruits and vegetables - 172.210, Fatty acids -172.860, Defoaming agents - 173.340
1-Decanol - SYN fatty alcohol - 172.864
Decoquinate - FEED, REG, 2 ppm - In uncooked edible tissue, other than skeletal muscle, of chicken and goats as a residue - 556.170; 1 ppm - In skeletal muscle of chickens as a residue - 556.170; Use: In dry and liquid medicated feed - 558.195
Decyl alcohol, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP, See Fatty alcohols, synthetic - 172.864
Defoaming agents and components Dimethylpolysiloxane, polyoxyethylene 40 monostearate, Polysorbate 60, Polysorbate 65, propylene glycol alginate, silicon dioxide, sorbitan monostearate, aluminum stear
Defoaming agents, butter, oleomargarine, lard, corn oil, coconut oil, cottonseed oil, mono- and diglycerides of fat-forming fatty acids - AF, REG/FS, GMP, In fruit butters, jellies, preserves and related products - Part 150
Dehydroacetic acid or its Na salt - PRES, REG, 65 ppm as the acid - In cut or peeled squash - 172.130
Demeton, alone or comb/w 0,0 diethyl S-2-(ethylthio) ethyl phosphorodithioate - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.183
Dextrans (avg mol wt <100,000) - MISC, GRAS
Diacetyl - SY/FL, GRAS, GMP - 184.1278
Dextrin - GRAS - 184.1277
Dexztrose - GRAS -84.1857
Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming fatty acids ­EMUL, GRAS/FS, Part 136, Bakery Products - 184.1101
2,4-Diamino-5(6-methylveratryl)pyrimidine -FEED, REG, See Ormetoprim
Di-N-alkyl(C8-C18-from coconut oil) dimethyl ammoniumchloride - PEST, REG, 5% by weight - 172.710
Dialkanolamide (1 mole of methyl laurate w/ 1.05 mole of diethanolamine) - MISC, REG, < 2 ppm in flume - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operation - 173.315
Diammonium phosphate - FEED, REG, < 2.0% of crude protein in total daily ration - Source of non-protein nitrogen & phos in ruminant feeds. SeE573.320
Diatomaceous earth - FEED, REG, 2% - As an inert carri­er or anti-caking agent in animal feed - 573.340
2,2-Dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide - PRES, REG, 2.0 -10.0 ppm in raw cane or beets - Used alone for control of microorganisms in cane and beet sugar mills, byproducts not for use in animal feeds - 173.320
Dicalcium phosphate - NUTR/FS, GRAS/FS, Part 137; XREF calcium phosphate
Dicamba - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.227
Dichlorodifluoromethane - MISC, REG, GMP, Direct con­tact freezing agent for foods - 173.355; With ethylene oxide as fumigant for ground spices
3,5-Dichloro-2,6-dimethyl-4-pyridinol - See Clopidol
Dichloroisocyanuric acid - SANI, REG, <100 ppm avail halogen - Adequate drainage - 178.1010
2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid - PEST, REG, See 2,4-D
Dichlorvos (2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate or DDVP) - FEED, REG, 0.1 ppm - In edible tissues of swine -556.180; Use & other information - 558.205: 520.600; PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.235
Diethanolamide condensate from soybean oil fatty acids (C16-C18) - Adjuvants for pesticide use dilution -172.710
Diethanolamine condensate from stripped coconut oil fatty acids (C10-C18) - Adjuvants for pesticide use dilution -172.710
Diethylaminoethanol - BC, REG, 15 ppm - X-ref; Boiler water additives - 173.310
Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether - SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Diethylenetriamine - Ion-exchange membranes - 173.20
Diethylenetriamine crosslinked with epichlorohydrin -Ion-exchange resins - 173.25
Diazinon (O,O-Diethyl O-(2-isopropyl-6-methyl-4-prim-idinyl) phosphorothioate - FEED, REG, GMP, In feed handling establishments for crack/crevice and spot treatment -PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.153
Diethylamino-cellulose - MISC, GMP, Fixing agent for the immobilization of glucose isomerase for use in the manufacture of high fructose corn syrup, in accordance with Sec. 184.1372 - 173.357
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) - FEED, BAN, Not legal for animal use (drug or feed)
Diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) - INH, ILL, Not legal in food
Diethyl tartrate
Difenzoquat - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.369
Dihydrosafrole - SY/FL, PD/ILL, Not legal in food
3,5-Diiodosalycylic acid - DS, GRAS, Animal feed
Dilauryl thiodipropionate - AOX, GRAS, 0.02% of fat or oil incl essential oil content of food - 182.3280
Dill - SP/ESO, GRAS - 184.1282
Dill, Indian - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Dimethipin - GROWTH REG, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.406
Dimethoate including its oxygen analog - PEST, REG, Residues for Tolerances - 40 CFR 180.204
Dimethylamine-Epichlorhydrin Copolymer - REG, 150 ppm - Decolorizing agent in clarification of sugar liquors and juices - 173.60
Dimethylamine-epichlorohydrin resin - MISC, GMP, Fixing agent for the immobilization of glucose isomerase for use in manufacturing high fructose corn syrup - 173.357
2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-ol methylcarbamate -PEST, REG, GMP, Treating crack /crevices or spot treatment in feed manufacturing or other related facilities; Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.530
Dimethyl dialkyl (C14-C18) ammonium chloride - MISC, REG, <700 ppm by wt of sugar solids - Decoloring agent in the manufacture of sugar, alkyl groups (C14-C18) derived from tallow - 173.400
Dimethyl dicarbonate - MISC, REG, Microbial control agent in the following beverages under normal circumstances of bottling, canning, or other forms of final packaging, where the viable microbial load has been reduced to 500 microorganisms per milliliter or less by current good manufacturing practic
Dimethylethanolamine - Component of Ion-exchange membranes - 173.20
0,0,-Dimethyl S[4-oxo-1,2,3-benzo-triazin-3(4H)-yl)methyl] phosphorodithioate (Guthion) - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.154
Dimethyl phosphate of 3-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyl-cis-cro-tonamide - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.299
Dimethylpolysiloxane - AF, REG, ZERO - In milk -173.340; 110 ppm - In dry gelatin dessert mixes; 250 ppm ­In salt for cooking purposes; 10 ppm - In other food in its ready-for-consumption state, 145.180(a), Cnd Pineapple; 146.185(a), Cnd Pineapple Juice
Dimetridazole - FEED/VET, REG, ZERO - NOT LEGAL FOR ANIMAL USE
Di-N-alkyl(C8 - C10)dimethyl-ammonium chloride -SANI, REG, 150 ppm - Of active quaternary compound in the sanitizing solution - 178.1010
Di-n-alkyl(C8 - C10)dimethyl-ammonium chloride, n-alkyl(C12 - C18) benzyldimethyl-ammonium chloride, ethyl alcohol and alpha-(p-nonyl-phenyl) -omegahydroxypoly (oxyethylene) - SANI, REG, 150 - 400 ppm -For use as components of sanitizing solution to be used on food contact surfaces - 178.1010
3,5-Dinitrobenzamide - FEED, REG, ZERO - In edible tissues and by-products of chickens; As residuE556.220; Feed use - 558.376
2,4-Dinitro-6-octylphenyl crotonate+2,6-dinitro-4- octylphenyl crotonate - FUNG/PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.342
Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate - SDA, REG/FS, <0.5% of wt of gums or hydrophilic colloids - As solubilizing agent for gums & hydrophilic colloids used in food as stabilizing or thickening agents - 172.810; <0.4% by wt - In cocoa for manufacturing - 163.117, 172.810; 75 ppm - In finished beverage made
Dipotassium phosphate - SEQ, GRAS/FS, Part 133.169, Past Process Cheese - 182.6285
Diquat - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.226
Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate - MISC, REG, 2.5 ppm in raw cane - For control of micro-organisms in cane sugar mills - 173.320; <2.9 ppm in raw cane or sugar beets with potassium N-methyldithiocarbamate for control of microorganisms in cane sugar and beet sugar mills - 173.320
Disodium EDTA (Disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate) - MISC, REG/FS, 100 ppm - Promote color retention in frozen white potatoes, incl cut potatoes - 172.135; 110 ppm - Canned potatoes 155.200; 165 ppm - For color retention in cnd cooked legumes (all cooked, canned other than black-eyed peas) or kidn
Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate - For control of micro-organisms in cane sugar and beet sugar mills -173.320
Disodium ethylenebisdithiocarbamate - PRES, REG, 3.0 ppm in raw cane - w/Na dimethyldithiocarbamate for control of microorganisms in mills - 173.320; 3.0 ppm in raw cane or sugar beets - w/ethylenediamine and Na dimethyldithiocarbamate for control of micro-org. in cane sugar and beet sugar mills - i
Disodium guanylate - MISC, REG/FS, GMP, Part 155, Cnd Vegs - 172.530
Disodium inosinate - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Part 155, Cnd Vegs - 172.535
Disodium phosphate (X-ref - Sodium phosphate, mono-, di-, & tri-) - SEQ, GRAS/FS, Part 137.305, Enriched Farina; 136.3, Bakery Pdts; EMUL, GRAS/FS, 139, Alimentary Pastes; 131.130 NFDM; 133, Cheeses, Various; 135.30, Ice Cream; 150, Art Sw Jelly
Diuron (3-(3,4 dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) -PEST, REG, 4 ppm - In dried citrus pulp for livestock feed applic of the pesticide to growing citrus fruits - 561.220
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid - SANI, REG, <400 ppm in soln - Adequate drainage; May be used on glass containers for holding milk - 178.1010
a-(p-Dodecylphenyl)-omega-hydroxypoly(oxyethylene) - PEST, REG, GMP, Adj for pesticide use - 172.710
Dog grass (quackgrass, triticum) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Dulcin - NNS, ILL - Not legal in food
Dulse - NAT, GRAS
E
EDTA - See Calcium disodium EDTA and Disodium EDTA
EDTA, Tetrasodium - Components of boiler water additives - 173.310 - washes for peeling fruits and vegetables, 173.315
Efrotomycin -VET, FEED, - Swine to improve feed effi­ciency - 558.235
Elder Flowers - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.20, 182.10
Enanthic acid - MISC, REG, <1% aliphatic acids - In peeling soln for fruits & vegs - 173.315
Endosulfan - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.182
Enzyme-modified soy protein - MISC, FD, GMP, Foaming agent in soda water
Enzymes, carbohydrase & cellulase, from Aspergillus niger - ENZ, REG, GMP, For removal of visceral mass in clam processing - 173.120
Enzymes from Aspergillus oryzae - ENZ, FS, Part 136, Bakery Pdts
Enzymes from plant and animal sources - ENZ, GRAS, GMP - GRAS affirmation of the following: bromolein -184.1024, catalase - 184.1034, ficin - 184.1316, animal lipase - 184.1415, malt - 184.1443a, pancreatin 184.1583, pepsin - 184.1595, trypsin - 184.1914
Enzymes (for milk clotting) from Endothis parasitica, Bacillus cereus, Mucor pusillus , Mucor miehei Cooney et Emerson, or Aspergillus oryzae modified by recombinant aspartic proteinase enzyme from Rhizomucor miehei - ENZ, REG, GMP, For use in preparation of standardized cheese or cheese products, e
Enzyme-Modified Fats - FLAV/ADJ, GRAS, GMP -184.1287
Epichlorohydrin - MISC, REG, < 0.1% with propylene <10% added in combination or in any sequence - Residual propylene chlorohydrin < 5 ppm in food starch modified -172.892; < 0.1% followed by propylene oxide < 25% -172.892
Epoxidized soybean oil - STAB, REG, Not to exceed 1 percent - Use as a halogen stabilizer in brominated soybean oil - 172.723
Erythorbic acid - PRES, GRAS/FS, X-ref - Isoascorbic acid
Erythromycin, Erythromycin thiocyanate or phosphate - FEED, REG, ZERO - In uncooked edible tissues of chick­ens, turkeys - 556.230; 0.125 ppm - In uncooked edible tissue of beef cattle, and in milk - 556.230; Use: In drinking water as phosphate - 522.842; 0.1 ppm (neg res) - In uncooked edible tissu
Esterase-lipase from Mucor miehei - ENZ, REG, GMP, Flavor enhancer in cheese, fat, oils, milk products - 173.140
Estradiol - VET, REG, Use: Implant in cattle (steers/heifers) - 522.840
Estradiol benzoate - VET, REG, ZERO*** - In uncooked edible tissues and by-products of heifers, lambs & steers as residue - 556.240; Use as implants - 522.842; In combination w/testosterone propionate - 522.842; In combination w/progesterone - 522.19406; ***Tolerances in the Part Per Trillion (ppt) 
Estradiol valerate - VET, REG, ZERO - Use: As implant in combination with progesterone - 522.1940; NOT TO BE USED WITH VEAL CALVES
Estragole (or esdragol, estragon, esdragon, tarragon) -SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Ethalfluralin - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues -40 CFR 180.416
Ethephon - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.300
Ethion (0,0,0',0-tetraethyl S,S' methylene bisphosphorodithionate) - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.173
Ethopabate - FEED, REG, 1.5 ppm - In uncooked liver & kidneys of chickens as residue - 556.260; 0.5 ppm - In uncooked muscle of chickens as residue - 556.260; Feed uses - 558.55, 558.58, 558.62, 558.76, 558.78, 558.248, 558.460, 558.530
Ethoxylated mono- and di- glycerides - MISC, REG, Total not to exceed 0.5% of flour used - In yeast leavened bakery products as a dough conditioner and as an emulsifier in pan-release agents for yeast-leavened bakery products -172.834; EMUL, REG, Not to exceed 0.45% by wt. of finished topping - In w
Ethoxyquin - FEED/AOX, REG, 5 ppm from use in forage crops - In uncooked fat of meat from animals except poultry - 172.140l; 3.0 ppm (0.0003%) - In or on uncooked liver & fat of poultry; 0.5 ppm (0.00005%) - In or on uncooked muscle meat of animals; 0.5 ppm (0.00005%) - In poultry eggs; Zero - In mi
Ethyl acetate - SY/FS, MISC, REG, GMP, GRAS - 182.60, In decaffeination of coffee & tea - 173.228
Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol) - INH, GRAS - 184.1293, 2.0% by wt - On pizza crusts prior to baking - 170.3; SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Ethyl cellulose - MISC, REG, GMP, As binder or filler in dry vitamin prepns or component of protective ctg for vit & min tabs, or as fixative in flavor compounds - 172.868; 573.420; In anima diamine dihydroiodide - DS, GRAS, Animal feed
Ethylene dibromide - FUM, REG, < 50 ppm inorganic bromide - X-ref fumigant for grain-mill machinery
Ethylene dichloride - SOLV, REG, 30 ppm - In pdtn of spice oleoresins - 173.230; MISC, REG, < 0.2 ppm in flume water - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operation - 173.315; FUM, REG, X-ref fumigant for grain-mill machinery; SOLV, REG, 300 ppm in extracted by-products - In
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether - SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage - 178.1010; MISC, REG, < 1 ppm in flumewater - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operation - 173.315
Ethylene oxide - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.151
Ethylene oxide copolymer condensates - REG, 172.808; STAB, REG- 300 ppm by wt - Foam stabilize in fermented malt beverages - 172.770
Ethylene oxide polymer, alkyl adduct - MISC, REG, NTE
0.2 percent in lye-peeling solution to assist in the lye peel­ing of fruits and vegetables - 173.315
Ethylene oxide polymer, alkyl adduct, phosphate ester -MISC, REG, NTE 0.2 percent in lye-peeling solution to assist in the lye peeling of fruits and vegetables - 173.315 Ethylene oxide/propylene oxide copolymer REG, SDA - See specs section 172.808; MISC, Defoaming agent - 173.340 for use as prescrib
Ethylene oxide/propylene oxide copolymer, alkyl adduct - MISC, REG, NTE 0.2 percent in lye-peeling solu­tion to assist in the lye peeling of fruits and vegetables -173.315
Ethylene oxide/propylene oxide copolymer, alkyl adduct, phosphate ester - MISC, REG, NTE 0.2 percent in lye-peeling solution to assist in the lye peeling of fruits and vegetables - 173.315
Ethyl 4,4'-dichlorobenzilate - INSECT, REG, 5.0 ppm - As residue in/on citrus fruits - 180.109; 0.5 ppm - As residue in fat, meat, meat by-products of sheep & cattle - do
Ethyl ester of fatty acids - MISC, REG, Comp of coatings for raisins - 172.225
Ethyl formate - SY/FL, GRAS, GMP, (See specs 184.1295); FL/ADJ
Ethyl methylphenylglycidate - GRAS, SY/FL, GMP -
Ethyl-4-hydroxy-6,7-diisobutoxy-3-quinoline carboxyl ate - FEED, REG, X-ref - Buquinolate
S-{2-(Ethylsulfinyl)ethyl}O-O-dimethyl phosphorothioate - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.330
Ethyl vanillin - SY/FL, GRAS/FS, Part 163, Chocolate and Cacao Pdts; Part 169, Vanilla Extract and Related Pdts -182.60, 182.90
Eucalyptus globulus leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In con­junction w/flavors - 172.510
Eucheuma cottonii extract - MISC, EMUL, STAB, REG, GMP, FS, See carrageenan - 172.620
Eucheuma spinosum extract - MISC, EMUL, STAB, REG, GMP, FS - 172-620
Eugenol - SY/FL, GRAS - 184.1257
Exfoliated hydrobiotite (Verxite) - FEED, REG, <5% wt. finished feed - In poultry, swine or ruminant feed as anti-caking, blending agent, pelleting aid or nonnutritive carrier for incorporation of nutrients - 573.1000; <1.5% -Anticaking, blending agent, etc. in dog feed - 573.1000
F
Famphur (0,0-dimethyl 0-p(dimethyl-sulfamoyl) phenyl phos phorothioate) - PEST/VET, REG, Use: In animal feed - 558.254; As pour on liquid - 524.900; As paste in combination with Levamisole - 520.1242g
Fatty acids - one or any mixture of straight chain monobasic carboxylic acids & assoc. fatty acids from edible fats and oils (capric, caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic acids) - MISC, REG, GMP, In foods as a lubr
Fatty acids, salts of (aluminum, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium) - MISC, REG, In foods as binder, emulsifier, and anticaking agent - 172.863; FEED, REG, GMP, 573.640; CTG, REG, X-ref - coatings on fresh citrus fruit - 172.210
Fatty alcohols, synthetic hexyl, octyl, decyl, lauryl, myistyl, cetyl, and stearyl alcohols - MISC, REG, As substitutes for the corresponding naturally derived fatty alco­hols permitted in foods by existing regulations - 172.864
Fenarimol - FUNG, REG, 2 ppm - As residue in/on wet or dry apple pomace - Tolerance for Residues 40 CFR 180.421
Fenbendazole - VET, REG, 0.8 ppm - Residues in Cattle liver - 556.275; Use: Cattle (Suspension) - 520.905a; (Powder) - 520.905d; (Block) - 520.905e; (Feed) - 558.258
Fendrazen - potassium salt; Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.423
Fennel, common - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Fennel, sweet (Finochio, Florence) - SP/ESO, GRAS -182.10, 182.20
Fenoxaprop-ethyl - PEST,HERB, REG, Tolerances for residues- 40 CFR 180.430
Fenprostalene -VET, REG, 10 ppb - Residues in uncooked edible muscle - 556.277; 20 ppb - Residues in uncooked edible liver - do; 30 ppb - Residues in uncooked edible kidney - do; 40 ppb - Residues in uncooked edible fat - do;100 ppb - Residues at the injection site - do; Use as injection: Induce abo
Fenridazon -PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 FR 180.423
Fenthion - PEST/VET, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.214; As pour on liquid-524.920
Fenugreek - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Fermentation derived milk-clotting enzyme - ENZ, REG, In production of cheese for which permitted by standards of identity - Part 133; Limited to certain organisms, (See specs in 173.150)
Fermented ammoniated condensed whey - See Whey, fermented ammoniated condensed
Ferric ammonium chloride - NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 184.1296
Ferric chloride - NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 184.1297
Ferric citrate - NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 184.1298
Ferric phosphate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5301,184.1301
Ferric pyrophosphate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5304, 184.1304
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5306
Ferric sulfate - NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 184.1307
Ferrous ascorbate - NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 184.1307a
Ferrous carbonate - NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 184.1307b
Ferrous citrate - NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 184.1307c
Ferrous fumarate - DS, REG, Consistent w/good nutrition practices - Used as source of dietary iron in special dietary foods - See section 172.350
Ferrous gluconate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5308, 184.1308
Ferrous lactate - NUTR/Color fixative for ripe olives, GRAS, GMP -184.1311, DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5311
Ferrous sulfate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5315, 184.1315
Fir ("pine" & "balsam") needles and twigs - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Fish protein concentrate, whole - DS, REG, (See specs in 172.385)
Fish protein isolate - DS, REG, (See specs in 172.340)
Flavoring substances, natural - FLAV, REG, GMP -172.510
Fluazifop-butyl - PEST, REG,- Tolerances for Residues -40 CFR 180.411
Fluometuron - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.229
Fluorine - containing compounds (Sodium, potassium, or calcium fluoride) - MISC, PD, ILL - Petition for exten­sion in dietary supplements terminated in of 7-1-73. Addition of fluorine compounds to foods limited to that from fluoridation of public water supplies and to that resulting from the fluorid
Fluoridone - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.420
Folic acid (folacin) - NUTR, REG, May be added to foods subject to a standard of identity when standard of identity provides for addition of folic acid. May be added 400 µg per serving to breakfast cereals, to infant formula 4 µg per 100 kcal of infant formula, 1 mg/1 lb. of corn grits, to foods rep
Food additives for use in milk producing animals for treatment of bovine mastitis - VET, REG, 528.820 - See BHA & BHT
Food starch, modified - MISC, REG, GMP, SeE172.892. Add "amylolytic enzymes" to various chemicals permitted in modifying food starch that are listed in the regulation.
Food starch esterified with n-octenyl succinic anhydride treated with beta -amylase; For use as a stabilizer or emulsifier in non-alcoholic beverages and beverage bases
Formaldehyde (paraformaldehyde) - PRES, REG, Comp of defoaming agent - 173.340; MISC, REG, GMP, In animal feeds composed of oilseed meals and animal fat - 573.460; See also formalin
Formalin - FUNG, REG, Use: In water of salmon, trout, largemouth bass, catfish and bluegills - 529.1030; See also formaldehyde
Formesafen Sodium - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.433
Formetanate hydrochloride - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.276
Formic acid (x-ref - Ethyl formate) - PEST, REG, 2.25% of Silage on a dry basis -or- 0.45% when direct cut, 573.480; Preservative for silage. Silage not to be fed to live stock within 4 weeks of treatment. GRAS, GMP - 186.1316
Fumaric acid and its calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium salts - MISC, REG/FS, GMP, (See specs in 172.350); Part 150.140, Fruit jellies; Part 150.160, Fruit preserves
Fumaric acid-Ferrous salt - DS, REG, Consistent w/good nutrition practices - X-ref Ferrous fumarate
Fumigants (Carbon tetrachloride with either carbon disulfide or ethylene chloride, with or without pentane; or methyl bromide) - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues (bromide) - 40 CFR 180.123 and 40 CFR 180.123a
Fumigants for Grain Mill Machinery, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.519;
Fumigants for Processed Grains used in production of fermented malt beverages, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.522
Furazolidone - VET, REG, ZERO NOT PERMITTED FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS - USE WITHDRAWN 8/23/91
Furcelleran - MISC, EMUL, STAB, REG/FS, GMP, 133.128; 172.655 Part 135.30, Ice Cream
Furcelleran, salts of ammonium, calcium, potassium, or sodium - MISC, EMUL, STAB, REG/FS, GMP - 172.660 Part 135.30, Ice Cream
G
alpha-Galactosidase from morteirella vinaceae raffinoseutilizer ENZ, REG, For use in the production of sucrose from sugar beets - 173.145
Galanga (galangal root) - SP/ESO, GMP, GRAS - 182.10,
Galanga, greater - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Galbanum - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Gambir (catechu, pale) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Garlic - SP/ESO, GRAS, GMP, 182.10, 182.20, 182.1317
Gas, combustion product - MISC, REG, X-ref Combustion product gas - 173.350
Gellan Gum - MISC, REG, As a stabilizer & thickener; (See specs in 172.665)
Genet Flowers - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Gentian rhizome & roots - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Gentian, stemless - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic bev­erages only - 172.510
GENTIAN VIOLET - FUNG, REG, VET, PROHIBITED FROM USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS - 589.1000
Gentamicin Sulfate -VET, REG, 0.1 ppm - Residues in uncooked edible tissue of turkey - 556.300; Residues in swine muscle - do; 0.3 ppm - Residues in swine liver - do; 0.4 ppm - Residues in swine fat & kidney - do; Use: Oral Solution, 520.1044a, 520.1044b; Soluble Powder 520.1044c; Injection, 524.104
Geraniol (3,7-dimethyl-2,6 and 3,6-octadien-1-ol) -SY/FL, GRAS - 182.60
Geranium - SP/FLAV/ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Geranium, East Indian or rose - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Geranyl acetate (geraniol acetate) - SY/FL, GRAS - 182.60
Geranyl isobutyrate
Germander, chamaedrys or golden - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Ghatti gum - EMUL, GRAS, Limited to 0.2 percent of foods defined in § 170.3(n)(3) and 0.1 percent in all other foods; (See specs in 184.1333)
Gibberellic acid and its potassium salt - MISC, REG, <2 ppm - In malt; <0.5 ppm - In finished malt beverage; ZERO - In distilled spirits - 172.725
Gigartina extracts - MISC, EMUL, STAB, REG, FS, See Carrageenan - 172.620
Ginger - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Gluconate salts of Ca and Na - MISC, FS, See limitations on use levels for Ca salt in 184.1199; GMP, Na salt 182.6757
Glucono delta-lactone - MISC, GRAS, GMP, FS, As cur­ing or pickling agent, leavening agent, sequestrant, or pH control agent (See specs in 184.1318)
Glutamic acid (or hydrochloride) - NUTR/DS, REG, (See specs in 172.320); GRAS as a salt substitute in 182.1045 and 182.1047
Glutamic acid, condensed extracted fermentation product - FEED, REG, <5% of total ration - Protein supplement in poultry feed - 573.500; <10% of feed - Protein supple­ment in cattle feed
Glutamine - NUTR, REG, (See specs in 172.320)
Glutaraldehyde - MISC, GMP, Fixing agent for the immobi­lization of gloucose isomerase for use in the manufacture of high fructose corn syrup, in accordance with Sec. 184.1372 - 173.357
Glycerides and polyglycides of hydrogenated vegetable oils - MISC, Used as an excipient in dietary supplement tablets, capsules, and liquid formulations - SeE172.736 for specifications and limitations.
Glycerin - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP, Part 169, Food Flavorings, 182.1320; Part 582 - Animal feeds
Glycerin, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP, In food. (SeE172.866 for specs)
Glycerol - See glycerin
Glycerol ester of gum rosin - MISC, REG, <100 ppm in beverages - 172.735; GMP, Softener for chewing gum base (See specs in 172.615)
Glycerol ester of partially dimerized rosin - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base (See specs in 172.615)
Glycerol ester of partially hydrogenated gum or wood rosin - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base (See specs in 172.615)
Glycerol ester of polymerized rosin - MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum base (See specs in 172.615)
Glycerol ester of tall oil rosin - MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum base (See specs in 172.615)
Glycerol ester of wood rosin - MISC, REG, =100ppm in beverages-172.735; GMP, Softener for chewing gum base-172.615
Glycerol (glyceryl) tributyrate (tributyrin, butyrin) -SY/FL, GRAS, GMP - as flavoring agent and adjuvant -184.1903
Glyceryl behenate - MISC, GRAS, GMP, As formulation aid in tablets - 184.1328
Glyceryl-lacto esters of fatty acids - EMUL, MISC, REG, GMP - 172.852
Glyceryl monooleate - MISC, GRAS, SY/FL, GMP, As flavoring agent and adjuvant - 184.1323
Glyceryl (glycerol) monostearate (monostearin) - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP, 184.1324; <2% of product - Macaroni products - 139.110; <3% of product - Noodle products -139.150
Glyceryl palmitostearate - GRAS, GMP, Use as a formulation aid in excipients for tabs - 184.1329
Glyceryl triacetate (triacetin) - MISC, SY/FL, GRAS, GMP. As flavoging agent and adjuvant - 184.1901
Glyceryl tristearate - MISC, REG, See Reg - 172.811
Glycine - MISC, REG, 0.2% of fin bev or bev base Masking agent for saccharin in beverages & bases -172.812; STAB, 0.02% - In mono- and diglycerides -172.812; NUTR - 172.320
Glycoryrrhiza - SP/ESO, GRAS, See Reg - 184.1408
Glycyrrhizin, ammoniated - ESO, GRAS/FS, See Reg -184.1408
Gonadorelin - VET, REG, Use: As injection for cattle - 522.1077
Gonadotropin (Serum) and Gonadotropin (Chorionic) -VET, REG, Use: As injection for cattle - 522.1079
Grains of paradise - SP, GRAS, GMP - 182.10
Grapefruit - ESO, GRAS, GMP - 182.20
Ground Limestone - GRAS, GMP - 184.1409
Guaiac - FLAV, REG, GMP, In alcoholic bevs only - 172.510
Guarana - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Guar gum - STAB, GRAS/FS, See Reg - 184.1339; Parts 133, Cheese (to include cold pack cheese food); Part 135, Ice Cream; Part 169, Dressing for Foods; Part 150, Art Sw Jelly & Preserves
Guava - ESO, GRAS, GMP - 182.20
Gum arabic (Acacia) - STAB, GRAS/FS, GMP, See Reg -184.1330; Part 169, Dressings for Foods; Part 135, Ice Cream; Part 169, Vanilla Powder
Gum ghatti - STAB, GRAS/FS, < 0.2% As emulsifier in non-alcoholic bevs - 184.1333; < 0.1% in all other foods -184.1333
Gum gluten - STAB, FS, GMP, Part 139, Macaroni Products
Gum karaya - STAB, GRAS/FS, See Reg - 184.1349; Part 133, Cheese; Part 169, Dressings for Foods; Part 135, Ice Cream; Part 150, Art Sw Fruit Jelly & Jam
Gum tragacanth - STAB, GRAS/FS, See Reg - 184.1351; Part 133, Cheese; Part 135, Ice Cream; Part 169, Dressings for Foods; Part 150, Art Sw Fruit Jelly & Jam
Gums (natural) of vegetable origin - MISC, REG, GMP, Chewing gum base - 172.615
Guta Hang Kang - MISC, REG, GMP, Chewing gum base - 172.615
Guthion - PEST, REG, See (O,O.-dimethyl-S[4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazin-3-(4H)-yi methyl]phosphorodithioate)
H
Halofuginone hydrobromide - FEED, REG, Use: In broiler chicken feed - 558.625; 0.1 ppm - As residue in uncooked edible tissues of chickens - 556.308; 0.3 ppm -As residue in uncooked liver of chicken - do; 0.2 ppm - As residue in uncooked skin (w/fat) of chicken - do
Haloxon - VET, REG, 0.1 ppm - Residues in edible tissues of cattle, sheep, & goats: 556.310; Use - 520.1120
Haw, black bark - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Helium - MISC, GRAS - 184.1355
Hemicellulose extract - FEED, REG, GMP, As a source of metabolizable energy in animal feed - 573.520
Hemlock needles & twigs - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In con­junction w/flavors only - 172.510
Heptylparaben (n-heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate) - INH, REG, 12 ppm - In -fermented malt beverages to inhibit microbiological spoilage, 172.145; 20 ppm - In non-carbonated soft drinks and fruit based beverages when allowed by established standards of identity - 172.145; PR
Hexachlorophene - VET, REG, Permission in animal products restricted - 500.46
Hexane - SOLV, REG, 25 ppm as residue - In spice oleoresins (173.270); 2.2% by weight - As residue in hops extract, extract added before or during cooking of beer -173.270; MISC, REG, 25 ppm - In modified hop extract for beer - 172.560; MISC, REG, 5 ppm as residue in fish protein isolate - 172.340
Hexakis (2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl) distannoxane -PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 362
Hexitol oleate - EMUL,ILL - No petition filed. Was used as an ice cream emulsifier.
Hexyl alcohol, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP, See Fatty alcohols, synthetic - 172.864
Hexythiazox - ACRACIDE, REG, Tolerances for Residues -40 CFR 180.448
Hickory bark - ESO, GRAS, GMP - 182.20
Histidine (l form only) - NUTR/DS, REG, Food Additive Reg - 172.320
Hop extract, modified - FLAV, REG, GMP, In beer - 172.560
Hops - ESO, GRAS, GMP - 182.20
Horehound (hoarhound) - SP/ESO, GRAS, GMP -182.10, 182.20
Horsemint - ESO, GRAS, GMP - 182.20
Horseradish - SP, GRAS, GMP - 182.10
Hyacinth Flowers - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic bevs only - 172.510
Hydrazine - BC, REG, ZERO - For steam contacting food -173.310
Hydriodic acid - SANI, REG, <25 ppm I2 in soln Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Hydrobiotite, exfoliated - FEED, REG, See Verxite -573.1000
Hydrochloric acid - MISC, REG, GMP, Modifier for food starch - 172.892; B&N, GRAS/FS - 182.1057; Acidifier in skim milk - 131.1444 and cottage cheese making -133.129 and Cnd Tom Prods Processing - 155 and dried eggs - 160.105 and dried egg yolks - 160.185 and modifie
Hydrocortisone (as acetate or sodium succinate) - VET, REG, 10 ppb neg res - In milk as residue - 556.320; VET, REG, In mastitis formulation - 556.820
Hydrogen Cyanide - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues-40 CFR 180.130
Hydrogen peroxide - MISC, REG, Used in combination with acetic acid to form peroxyacetic acid 59 ppm in wash water for fruits and vegetables that are not raw agricultural commodities- 173.315.
Hydrogenated corn syrup - REG, GMP, In dog/cat foods as humectant - 573.530
Hydrogenated menhaden oil - GRAS, GMP - 184.1472
Hydrolyzed leather meal - FEED, REG, 1% by wt of feed In swine feed - 573.540
Hydrolyzed vegetable protein - FLAV, FS, GMP, 161.190, Cnd Tuna; Part 155, Vegetables
1-Hydroxyethylidene-1,1-di-phosphonic acid - MISC, REG, GMP, Used with peroxyacetic acid for washing fruits and vegetables that are not raw agricultural commodities at levels < 4.8 ppm in wash water - 173.315
a-Hydro-omega-hydroxy-poly (oxyethylene) poly (oxypropy lene) (minimum 15 moles) poly (oxyethylene) block co-polymers - AF, REG, <0.05% by wt - As surfactant & defoaming agent in scald baths > 125 oF for poultry defeathering, then potable water rinse - 172.808; < 5 gm per hog - As foam control and r
a-Hydro-omega-hydroxy-poly(oxyethylene)poly-(oxypropylene)(53-59moles) poly(oxyethylene)(14-16 moles) block copolymer, (mol wt 3500-4125) - SDA, REG, 10 ppm total in finished beverage or fruit juice drink ­In combination with dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate -172.810, 172.808
a-Hydro-omega-hydroxy-poly (oxyethylene) Poly (oxy propy-lene) (55-61 moles) Poly (oxyethylene) block copolymers, (mol wt. 9,760-13,200) - SDA/STAB, REG, GMP, Solubilizer and stabilizer in flavor concentrates -172.808
a-Hydro-omega-hydroxy-poly(oxyethylene)poly(oxypropylene)(51-57moles) Poly(oxyethylene) block copolymer (Mol. wt. 14,000) - MISC, REG, <0.5% wt. of flour used - Dough conditioner 172.808
1-Hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid - REG, May only be used with peroxyacetic acid, < 4.8 ppm in wash water for fruits & vegs that are not raw agricultural commodities- 173.315.
Hydroxylated lecithin - EMUL, FS, Part 136, Bakery Products; REG, GMP, In foods except standardized foods not providing for such use - 172.814; AF, REG, GMP, Defoaming agent for processing beet sugar and yeast -173.340
4-Hyddroxymethyl-2,6-di-tertbutylphenol - REG antioxidant alone or in combination with other antioxidants so total antioxidants do not exceed .02 per cent of oil or fat content of the food - 172.150
Hydroxypropyl cellulose - MISC, REG, GMP, EMUL, STAB - 172.870
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose - EMUL, REG/FS, GMP - 172.874;Part 169, Dressings; Part 135, Fr Desserts
8-hydroxyquinoline sulfate - MISC, BAN, Was used as comp. of a cottage cheese coagula
Hygromycin B - FEED, REG, ZERO - In eggs of poultry and in uncooked edible tissues & by-products of swine and poultry as residue - 556.330, 558.55, 558.58, 558.76, 558.78, 558.128, 558.274, 558.460, 558.625, 558.630, 558.680
Hyssop - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20; Use in chicken & swine feeds
I
Iceland moss - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Imazalil - FUNG, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.413
Imazethapyr - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.447
Immortelle - ESO, GRAS, GMP - 182.20
Imperatoria - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic bevs only -172.510
Inorganic bromides present as a result of fumigation of processed foods with organic bromides, and/or from use on raw product - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.123 and 40 CFR 180.123a; 40 CFR 180.199
Inositol - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP, 182.5370, 184.1370
Insoluble Glucose Isamase enzyme preparations - ENZ, GRAS, GMP, 184.1372
Interim Tolerances PEST, REG, Tolerances in Residues 40 CFR 180.319
Intrinsic Factor complex (Liver-stomach concentration) DS,ILL, See section 250.201 - X-ref; Liver-stomach concentrate
Invert sugar - NUTR, GRAS/FS, GMP - 184.1859; Part 145 Canned fruit; Part 146 Canned fruit juices; Part 169 Food dressings and flavorings
Iodine - SANI, REG, <25 ppm I2 in soln - Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Iodine (from potassium iodide) - DS, REG - 172.375, <0.225 mg I2 per day - w/o reference to age or physical state; <0.045 mg I2 per day - infants; <0.105 mg I2 per day - children <4 years old; <0.225 mg I2 per day - adults and children > 4 years; <0.3 mg I2 per day - Pregnant or lactating women
Iodine (calcium iodate, calcium iodobehenate, cuprous iodide, 3,5-diiodo- salicylic acid, ethylenediamine dihydroiodide, potassium iodate, potassium iodide, sodium iodate, sodium iodide, thymol iodide) - NUTR, GRAS, As nutritional dietary supplement in animal feed - 
Iodinated casein - FEED, REG, 100 - 200 gms/ton - In duck feed - 558.295; 1/2 to 1 1/2 lb/100 lb body weight - In dairy cow feed - 558.295
Ion exchange membranes - MISC, REG, In production of grapefruit juice - 173.20
Ion exchange resins - MISC, REG, For purification of food and water - 173.25
Iprodione - FUNG, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.399
Ipronidazole - FEED, REG,ZERO - NOT LEGAL FOR ANIMAL USE; VET, REG, ZERO, do - NADA WITH­DRAWN 1-17-89
Irish Moss and extract of - X-ref - Carrageenan
Iron (ascorbate, carbonate, chloride, citrate, fumarate, gluconate, lactate, oxide, phosphate, pyrophosphate, sodium pyrophosphate, sulfate, reduced iron) - NUTR, DS, GRAS, As nutritional dietary supplement in animal feed - 582.80;X-Ref Ferric and Ferrous listings
Iron ammonium citrate - AC, REG, <25 ppm - In salt for human or animal consumption - 172.430, 573.560
Iron-choline citrate complex - FEED, REG, GMP, As source of iron - 573.580; NUTR/DS, REG, In foods for sp diet use - 172.370
Iron (harmless salts of) - NUTR, FS, Part 137, Flour; Part 139, Macaroni & Noodles; Part 136, Bakery Pdts
Iron, elemental - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 184.1375
Iron, reduced DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5375
Iron salts - X-ref; Ferric and Ferrous listings
Irradiated enzymes - MISC, REG, Dose not to exceed 10 kilograys - Control of microorganisms - 179.26
Irradiated food - MISC, REG, Dose not to exceed 1 kilo-gray -To control arthropod pests in any food or to inhibit maturation of fresh foods - 179.26
Irradiated meats - MISC, REG, Minimum dose 44 kilogram - For sterilization of frozen, packaged meats, NASA -179.26
Irradiated molluscan shellfish - MISC, REG, Max dose 5.5 kGy - Control of Vibrio bacteria and other microorganisms in or on fresh and frozen molluscan shellfish -179.26
Irradiated pork - MISC, REG, Min. dose 0.3 kilograys. Max dose 1 kilogray - Control of Trichinella spiralis - 179.26
Irradiated poultry - MISC, REG, Dose not to exceed 3.0 kilograys - To control pathogens in fresh or frozen uncooked poultry - 179.26
Irradiated poultry feed - FEED, REG, Dose range 2 to 25 kilogray gamma radiation from cobalt-60 - to render poultry feed salmonella negative - 579.40
Irradiated yeast - NUTR, FS, Part 137.305 - Enr Farina, source of Vit D.
Irradiated spices, herbs & seasonings - SP, REG, Dose not to exceed 30 kilograys - Control of microorganisms -179.26
Irradiation - 579.22 and 179; also see "Radiation"
Isoascorbic acid - PRES, GRAS, X-ref - Erythorbic acid -182.3041
Isobutane - GRAS, MISC, propellant, aerating agent -184.1165
Isobutylene-isoprene copolymer - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Isobutylene resin, polyisobutylene - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Isoleucine (l form only) - NUTR/DS, REG, Food Additive Reg - 172.320
Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic MISC, REG, GMP, 172.882
Isopropanol, isopropyl alcohol - SOLV, REG, <250 ppm as residue in modified hop extract - 172.560; <50 ppm as residue - In mfr of spice oleoresins - 173.240; 6 ppm - In mfr of lemon oil - 173.240; 2% by wt - In hop extract as residue from extraction of hops in mfr of beer - 173.240; AF, REG, GMP, Co
Isopropyl citrate - GRAS/FS, <0.02% - 182.6386; <0.02% in oleomargarine - 166.110
Iva - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only -172.510
Ivermectin - VET, REG, 15 ppb - As a residue in liver of cattle and reindeer - 556.344; 20 ppb - As a residue in liver of swine - 556.344; Use: As injection for cattle; Combination with clorsulon - 522.1193; Use: Cattle (Paste) - 520.1192; Use: Cattle, swine, reindeer (Injection) - 522.1192
J
Jasmine - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Jelutong - MISC, REG, GMP, as chewing gum base
Juniper (berries) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
K
Karaya gum - STAB, GRAS/FS, See Reg - 184.1349; X-ref - Gum Karaya
Kelp - DS, REG, <0.225 mg 12 per day - w/o reference to age or physical state; <0.045 mg 12 per day - Infants; <0.105 mg 12 per day - <4 years old; <0.225 mg 12 per day - Adults and children > 4 years old; <0.30 mg I2 per day -Pregnant or lactating women; Source of iodine in foods for special dietar
Kelp (see algae, brown) - NAT, GRAS, GMP - 184.1120, 172.365
Kola nut - ESO, GRAS, GMP - 182.20
L
Labdanum - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Lactase Enzyme Preparation from Kluyveromyces lactis - ENZ, GRAS, GMP - 184.1388
Lactic acid - B&N, GRAS/FS - 184.1061, Part 136, Bakery Pdts; Part 133, Cheese; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Part 150, Fruit Butters, Jellies & Preserves; In animal feed practices - 582.1061
Lactofen - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.432
Lactose - NUTRS, FS, Nutritive Sweetener - 168.122; Part 133 (133.124, 133.178, 133.179) - Cheeses; 169.179 Vanilla powder; 169.182 - Vanilla-vanillin powder
Lactose, Hydrolyzed - NUTRS, FS, Nutritive Sweetner; Part 133 (133.124, 133.178, 133.179) - Cheeses
Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propylene glycol - EMUL, REG, GMP, In food as an emulsifier, plasticizer, or surface active agent - 172.850
Lactylic esters of fatty acids - EMUL, REG, GMP, For use in foods where standards do not preclude use - 172.848
Lactylic stearate - MISC, REG/FS, < 0.5 part/100 parts flour - Part 136, Bakery Pdts - alone or comb/w calcium stearoyl -2-lactylate, sodium stearyl fumarate or succinylated monoglycerides - l72.844
Lanolin - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base -172.615
Lasolocid sodium - FEED, REG, 0.05 ppm - Res in edible tissues of chicken - 556.347; Use - 558.311; 4.8 ppm - Res in cattle liver - 556.347; Use: Feed Suppl, Finished Feed, Premix, Liquid Feed Suppl - 558.311
Lasalocid sodium - FEED, REG, 10.3 ppm - Res in skin of chicken - 556.347(a); 7.2 ppm - Res in chicken liver -556.347(a); 0.7 ppm - Res in cattle liver - 556.347(a); Use in chicken, cattle & sheep feed products (finished feeds, suppls, premixes, & liquid feed suppls) - 558.311
Latex (butadiene styrene rubber) - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Laurel berries, leaves - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Laureth 23 - See Polyoxyethylene (23) Lauryl Ether
Lauric acid - MISC, REG - CTG fresh fruit - 172.210, 172.860; AF - 173.340
Lauryl alcohol, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP - See Fatty Alcohols, synthetic - 172.864
alpha-Lauryl-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene) (avg. mol wt 400) - SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage; May be used on beverage containers including milk containers & equipment - 178.1010
Lavandin - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Lavender - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10; 182.20
Lavender, spike - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Leather meal, hydrolyzed - FEED, REG, 1% by wt of feed - In swine feed - 573.540
Lecithin, hydroxylated lecithin - MISC, GRAS/FS -184.1400, Part 163, Cacao Pdts; Part 136, Bakery Pdts; Part l66, Oleomargarine; Part 133, Cheese Pdts; Part 582 Animal feeds; REG, GMP, Comp of defoamer - 173.340; EMUL, REG, GMP, In foods where standards do not pre­clude use - 172.814
Lemon, lemon peel - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Lemon balm (See Balm) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Lemon grass - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Lemon-verbena - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
L-Leucine - NUTR/DS, REG, Food Additive Reg -172.320; MISC, REG, 3.5% of tab wt - In aspartame tabs as lubricant - 558.240
Levamisole hydrochloride -VET/FEED, REG, 0.1 ppm neg res - In edible tissues of cattle, sheep & swine as res -556.350; Use & other information: Feeds (cattle & swine)-558.315; Dosage forms - 520.1242, 524.900, 558.254; Injection as phosphate - 522.1244
Licorice and derivatives (ammoniated glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhiza) - FLAV, GRAS, < 0.05% Baked goods - Flavor, Flavor enhancer, a surface active agent; < 0.1% - Alcoholic Beverages; < 0.15% - Nonalcoholic Beverages; < 1.1% Chewing Gum; < 16.0% - Hard Candy; < 0.15% - He
Lignin sulfonate, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, sodium includes lignin from Abaca - FEED, REG, < 4% of finished pellets - Sole pelleting aid in animal feeds -573.600; As binding agent in flaked grains; < 11% of molasses - As a surfactant in molasses used in feeds
Lime (citrus) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Limestone, Ground - GRAS, GMP - 184.1409
Linaloe wood - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Linear undecylbenzenesulfonic acid - MISC, REG, < 3.0 ppm in flume water - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets before slicing operation - 173.315
Lincomycin hydrochloride - VET/FEED, REG, 0.15 ppm neg res - Res in milk - 556.360; 0.1 ppm neg res - In edible tissues of chickens & swine - 556.360: Uses & Info -558.58; 558.145; 558.105; 558.195; 558.355; 558.680; 558.511; 558.515; 558.530; 558.530; As soluble powder in drinking water - 520.1263b
Linden flowers - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Linden leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Linoleic acid - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP, Prepared from edible fats & oils & free from chick edema factor - 182.5065, 184.1065
Liver-stomach concentrate w/ intrinsic factor complex DS, ILL, Any food containing the intrinsic factor is adulterated - PART 250.201(f)
Locust bean - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Locust (carob) bean gum - STAB, GRAS/FS, X-ref ­Carob bean gum - 184.1343, Part 133 (133.178, 133.179), Cheeses; Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Art Sw Jellies & Preserves, Part 150; Dressings for Food, Part 169
Lovage - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavor -172.510
Lungmoss - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Lupulin - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
L-Lysine - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
M
Mace - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10
Madurimicin ammonium aka "CYGRO" - FEED, REG, Use: In feed - 558.340; 0.24 ppm - Safe concentrate in mus­cle - 556.735; 0.72 ppm - Safe concentrate in liver - do; 0.48 ppm - Safe concentrate in skin/fat - do; 0.38 ppm - Res in fat of chicken - do; VET, REG, Use in chicken feeds -558.340; 0.24 ppm - 
Magnesium carbonate - B&N, GRAS/FS - 184.1425; Part 163, Cacao Pdts; Part 137, Cereal Flours; Part 133, Cheeses; Part 155, Cnd Peas; Part 135, Frozen Desserts: Part 582 - Animal Feeds
Magnesium chloride - B&N, GRAS/FS; 172.560, Modified Hop Extract - 184.1426
Magnesium cyclamate - NNS, ILL, Removed from the GRAS list 10-21-69, Legal only in pdts complying with drug provision of the law - 189.135
Magnesium hydroxide - MISC, GRAS/FS - 184.1428; Part 155, Cnd Peas; Part 582 - Animal Feeds
Magnesium oxide - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP - 184.1431; Part 163, Cacao Pdts; Part 155, Cnd Peas; Part 135 Frozen Dessert; DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5431; Part 582 Animal feeds
Magnesium phosphate (di-, tri- basic) - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5434, 184.1434
Magnesium silicate - AC, GRAS/FS, GMP - 182.2437; < 2.0% - In table salt; Part 169.179, Vanilla Powder
Magnesium stearate - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1440; As migratory substance from pkg materials when used as a stabilizer; AF, REG, Defoaming agent comp - 173.340; anti-caking agent -172.863
Magnesium sulfate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5443, 184.1443
Maidenhair fern - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In Alcoholic Beverages only - 172.510
Malathion - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.111
Maleic hydrazide - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.175
Malic acid, L-malic acid - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP -184.1069; < 3.4% - Nonalcoholic Beverages; < 3.0% Chewing Gum; < 0.8% - Gelatins, Puddings & Fillings; < 6.9% - Hard Candy; < 2.6% - Jams & Jellies; < 3.5% ­Processed Fruits & Juices; < 3.0% - Soft Candy; < 0.7% -All other food; 131.144, Acidified Skim 
Malt (extract) - ESO, GRAS
Malt syrup (malt extract) - FLAV, GRAS, GMP -184.1445; nutrs in Part 133 (133.178, 133.179, 133.180); comp of color additive caramel - 73.85
Maltodextrin - GRAS, GMP - From corn and potato starch -184.1444
Maltose - NUTRS, Part 133 (133.124, 133.178, 133.179, 133.180) - Cheeses
Mandarin oil - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Maneb, coordination product of zinc ion - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.110
Manganese bacitracin - FEED, REG, See Bacitracin, manganese
Manganese chloride -DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP -182.5446, 184.1446
Manganese citrate - DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5449, 184.1449
Manganese gluconate - DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP -182.5452, 184.1452
Manganese glycerophosphate - DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP-182.5455, 182.8455
Manganese hypophosphite - DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP -182.8458
Manganese sulfate - DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5461, 184.1461
Manganese salts (acetate, carbonate, chloride, soluble citrate, gluconate, ortho-phosphate, dibasic phosphate, sulfate, oxide) - NUTR/DS, GRAS, In animal feed - 582.80
Manganous oxide - DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5464
Mannitol - NUTR, GRAS/INTERIM, < 98.0% - Pressed Mints; < 5.0% - Hard Candy; < 31.0% - Chewing Gum; < 40.0% - Soft Candy; < 8.0% - Frostings; < 15.0% - Jams & Jellies; < 2.5% - all other food; Label "Excess consump­tion may have laxative effect" if daily ingestion < 
Maple, mountain - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Marigold, pot - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Marjoram, pot - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Marjoram, sweet - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Massaaranduba balata - REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Massaaranduba chocolate - REG, GMP, Comp of chew­ing gum base - 172.615
Materials used as fixing agents in the immobilization of enzyme preparations - 173.357
Mate - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Melengestrol acetate - FEED, REG, ZERO - In edible tissues & by-products of cattle as a res - 556.380; Use in cat­tle feeds - 558.342, 558.542
Melissa (see Balm) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Menadione - DS, PD, Extension for use as a dietary suppl w/limit of 1 mg/day revoked 3/22/63. No food additive regulation authorizing use of menadione in prenatal suppls or any other food pdt issued
Menadione dimethylphyrimdinol bisulfite (2-hydroxy-4, 6- dimethyl pyrimidinol salt of menadione) - FEED, REG, 2.0 g/ton - As nutritional suppl in chicken & turkey feed for prevention of vitamin K deficiency 573.620; 10.0 g/ton - 
Menhaden oil (hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated) - NUTR, GRAS - 184.1472
Menthol - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Menthyl acetate - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
N-(Mercaptomethyl) phthalimide S-(O,O-dimethylphos-phorodithioate) and its oxygen analog - VET/PEST, REG,Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.261; Use: Liquid - 524.1742
Metalaxyl - FUNG, REG, 5.0 ppm -Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.408
Metaldehyde - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.523
Methacrylic acid-divinyl benzene copolymer - MISC, REG, GMP - Carrier for Vitamin B12 in nutritional suppls -172.775
Methanearsonic acid - FEED, REG, See arsenic - In/on cottonseed hulls, 561.280; PEST, REG - Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.289
Methidathion - INSECT, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.298
Methionine (L- & -DL forms) - NUTR, REG - 172.320, DL form not for infant foods; Animal Feeds - 582.5475
Methionine hydroxy analog and its calcium salts -NUTR/DS, GRAS, Animal feeds - 582.5477
Methoprene - FEED/ADD, REG,Tolerances for Residues ­40 CFR 180.359
Methyl alcohol residues - SOLV, REG, < 50 ppm - As residual solvent in mfr of spice oleoresins; < 2.2% by wt - In hop extract for beer - 173.250; < 100 ppm - In modified hop extract for beer - 172.560
Methyl bromide - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.123, 40 CFR 180. 123a
Methylcellulose (USP methylcellulose) -MISC, GRAS/FS, Except methoxy content - 27.5 & 31.5% dr wt basis - 182.1480; Part 150 (150.141, 150.161), Fruit Butters, Jellies; VET, REG, For use in mastitis formulation for treating dairy animals - 526.820
Methylene chloride - SOLV, REG, < 30 ppm - As residual solvent in mfr of spice oleoresins - 173.255; < 10 ppm - In decaffeinated roasted coffee & decaffeinated soluble (instant) coffee; < 2.2% - As res in hop extract. Extract added before or during cooking of beer; MISC, REG, < 5 ppm - In modified h
Methyl ester of rosin - partially hydrogenated - MISC, REG, GMP, As a constituent of chewing gum base - 172.615
Methyl esters of fatty acids produced from edible fats & oils - MISC, REG, < 3% wt of aqueous & < 200 ppm raisins - In dehydrating grapes to produce raisins, > 90% methyl esters of fatty acids; < 1.5% unsaponifiable material 172.225
Methyl esters of higher fatty acids - FEED, REG, In animal feed - 573.640
Methyl ethyl cellulose - MISC, REG, GMP, In food as aer­ating, emulsifying & foaming agent - 172.872
Methyl glucoside - coconut oil ester - MISC, REG, GMP, In mfr of sucrose & dextrose - 172.816; FEED, REG, < 320 ppm - Used as surfactant in molasses intended for use as comp of animal feeds - 573.660
Methylparaben (methyl-p-hydroxybenzoate) - PRES, GRAS/ FS - 184.1490; < 0.1% by wt - Part 150, Art Sw Jelly (150.141) & Preserves (150.161); REG, ZERO - Res in milk from dairy cows treated with mastitis formulations -556.390; Use & Info - 526.820
Methyl prednisolone - VET, REG, 10 ppb - Res in milk -556.400
Metolachlor - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.368
Metoserpate hydrochloride -VET, REG, 0.02 ppm neg res - In edible tissues of chickens - 556.410: Use - 520.1422
Metsulfuron methyl - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.428
Microcapsules - MISC, REG, GMP, For flavoring oils & spices, Capsules contain succinylated gelatin, arabinogalactan, silicon dioxide, glutaraldehyde, n-octyl alcohol & petroleum wax - 172.230
Microcrystalline cellulose - MISC, FS, Unlisted GRAS
Microparticulated protein product - MISC, GRAS, GMP, Thickener & texturizer in frozen dessert-type pdts. May not be used to replace milk fat in standardized frozen desserts.-184.1498
Milk Clotting Enzymes - 173.150 see Enzymes
Mimosa (black wattle) flowers - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Mineral oil, white (Use limitations include all petroleum hydrocarbons that may be used in combination with white mineral oil) - AF, REG, < l50 ppm - In yeast from defoamer comp - 173.340; < 0.008% of wash water - Comp of defoaming agents in wash water for sliced potatoes - do; CTG, REG, GMP, on fru
Mixed Carbohydrase and Protease enzyme product - ENZ, GRAS, GMP - 184.1027
Modified Hop Extract - FLAV, REG, GMP - IN BEER 172.560
Molasses (extract) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Molecular sieve resins - MISC, REG, GMP, For final purification of partially delactosed whey - 173.40
Monensin, monensin sodium - FEED, REG, 0.05 ppm As res in edible tissues of cattle - 556.420; 1.5 ppm - As res in muscle tissue of chicken & turkey - do; 3.0 ppm - As res in skin w/fat of chicken & turkey - do; 4.5 ppm - As res in liver of chicken - do; Uses in chicken & cattle feeds -558.355, 558.1
Monoammonium glutamate - MISC, GRAS - 182.1500
Monobutyl esters of polyethylene-polypropylene glycol produced by random condensation of a 1:1 mixture by weight of ethylene oxide & propylene oxide with butanol - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water compound -173.310
Monocalcium phosphate (calcium phosphate monobasic) - B&N, GRAS/FS, X-ref - calcium phosphate, monobasic - 182.1217, 182.5217, 182.6215, 182.8217; < 0.75 parts/100 parts of flour (Part 136, Bakery Pdts - 136.110, 136.115, 136.130, 136.160, 136.180); < 4.5 parts inclu
Monochloracetic acid - PRES, BAN, Any amount in beverages & other foods will serve to adulterate them -189.155
Monoester of alpha -hydro -omega -hydroxy -poly (oxyethylene)poly (oxypropylene) poly (oxyethylene) ((minimum 15 moles) blocked copolymer derived from low erucic acid rapeseed oil - Defoaming agent component used in processing beet sugar - 173.340
Monoethanolamine - MISC, REG, < 0.3 ppm in flume water - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operation - 173.315
Monoglyceride citrate - MISC, REG, < 200 ppm, As a synergist & solubilizer for antioxidants in oils & fats - 172.832
Monoglycerides, distilled - VET, REG, For use in mastitis formulations for treating dairy animals - 526.820
Monoglycerides of fatty acids - STAB, REG, GMP, Used in mfr of stearyl monoglyceridyl citrate for shortenings -172.755
Mono- & diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat forming acids - MISC, GRAS/FS - 184.1505; EMUL <0.5% - 166.40, Oleomargarine; comb w/monosodium phosphate derivatives <0.5% - Part 163 (163.123, 163.130, 163.135, 163.140, 163.145, 163.150, 163.153, 163.155) Cacao Pdts; FS, <20.0% of shorten
Monoisopropyl citrate - SEQ, GRAS, GMP - 182.6511, X-ref - "Isopropyl Citrate"; EMUL Part 166 (166.40, 166.110) Margarine
Monopotassium glutamate - MISC, GRAS - 182.1516; NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
Monopotassium phosphate (potassium phosphate, monobasic) - MISC, GRAS/FS, < 0.5% - In Frozen Eggs ­Part 160.110
Monosodium glutamate - FLAV, GRAS/FS, GMP - 182.1; Part 155 (155.120, 155.130, 155.131, 155.170, 155.200, 155.201) - Cnd Vegs; 158.170 - Frozen peas; 161.190 - Cnd Tuna; Part 169 (169.115, 169.140, 169.150) Food Dressings; NUTR/DS, REG -172.320; In animal feeds -582.156
Monosodium phosphate (sodium phosphate, monobasic) - GRAS/FS, GMP, X-ref - sodium phosphate (monobasic) & sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic), MISC -182.1778, DS - 182.5778, SEQ - 182.6085, 182.6778, NUTR - 182.8778; Part 133 (133.173, 133.174), Cheeses, Various; Part 150 (150.141, 150.161),
Monosodium phosphate derivatives of mono- & diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming fatty acids - EMUL, GRAS, GMP - 184.1521
Morantel Tartrate - FEED/VET, REG, 1.2 ppm - As res in uncooked edible cattle muscle tissue - 556.425; 2.4 ppm As res in cattle liver - do; 3.6 ppm - As res in cattle kidney do; 4.8 ppm - As res in fat - do; 0.4 ppm - As res in milk ­do; Use: As bolus - 520.1450; In cattle feed - 558.360; As sustain
Morpholine - CTG, REG, GMP, As the salt(s) of one or more fatty acids meeting 172.860 specs as comp of protective coatings applied to fresh fruits & veg - 172.235; BC, REG, 10 ppm in steam - Except in steam in contact w/milk or milk pdts - 173.310
Mullein flowers - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Musk (tonquin musk) - MISC, GRAS - 182.50
Mustard, brown or black - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Mustard, white or yellow - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Myclobutanil - FUNG, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.443
Myristic acid - CTG, REG, GMP - 172.210; NUTR, GMP -172.860; AF used to process sugar beets and yeast -173.340
Myristyl alcohol, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP, See fatty alcohols, synthetic - 172.864
Myrj 45 (polyoxyethylene 8-stearate) - EMUL, ILL, (No petition filed) Use in foods unauthorized
Myrrh - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only -172.510
Myrtle leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
N
Naphtha - SOLV, in color additive mixtures for shell eggs, w/o penetration of color to interior of shell - 73.1
Narasin - FEED, REG, Use: In broiler chicken feeds - 58.363
Naringin - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
NDGA - AOX, ILL, See Nordihydroguaiaretic acid -189.165
Natamycin (pimaricin) - FUNG, REG, applied on cheese as an antimycotic not to exceed 20 milligrams per kilogram (20 ppm) in the finished product -172.155
Natural Flavoring Substances - see individual flavoring or go to 172.510 for complete list
Natural gas - x-ref combustion product gas - 173.350
Neomycin - VET, REG, 0.15 ppm neg res - As res in milk - 556.430:Use - 520.455; 0.25 ppm neg res - As res in edi­ble tissues of calves - do; Use - 520.1484
Neotame - NNS, REG, GMP, Sweetening agent and flavor enhancer in foods generally, except in meat in poultry, and in sugar substitute tablets - 172.829
Nequinate - FEED, REG, 0.1 ppm neg res - As res in uncooked edible tissue of chickens - 556.440; Use in chick­en feeds - 558.365
Neroli, bigarade - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Niacin - NUTR/DS, GRAS/FS - 182.5530, 184.1530; Part 137 (137.165, 137.185, 137.235, 137.260, 137.305, 137.350) Cereal Flours; Part 139 (139.115, 139.117, 139.122, 139.155, 139.165), Macaroni & Noodle Pdts; 136.115, Enriched Bread
Niacinamide -NUTR/DS, GRAS/FS -182.5535, 184.1535; Part 137 (137.165, 137.185, 137.235, 137.260, 137.305, 137.350), Cereal Flours; Part 139 (139.115, 139.117, 139.122, 139.155, 139.165), Macaroni & Noodle Pdts; 136.115, Enriched Bread
Nicotinamide-ascorbic acid complex - DS, REG, In multi-vitamin prepns as source of ascorbic acid & nicotinamide - 172.315
Nicarbazin - FEED, REG, 4 ppm - As res in uncooked muscle, liver, skin, & kidney of chickens - 556.445; Use in chicken feeds - 558.366
Nickel - GRAS, GMP - 184.1537
Nisin preparation - MISC, GRAS - 184.1538; < 250 ppm -Antimicrobial in Cheese pdts, Part 133 (133.175., 133.176, 133.179, 133.180)
Nitapyrin - INSECT, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.350
Nitarsone - FEED, REG, 0.5 ppm as arsenic - As res in muscle meat & eggs of chicken - 556.60; Use: Feeds -558.369
Nitrites (sodium and potassium) - X-ref sodium nitrite & potassium nitrite, PRES, PS, curing red meat & poultry pdts -181.34
Nitrofurazone - VET, REG, NOT PERMITTED FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS - USE WITHDRAWN 8/23/91
Nitrogen - MISC, GRAS/FS - 184.1540; Part 169 (169.115, 169.140, 169.150), Dressings for Foods; Part 582.1540 - Animal Feeds
Nitrogen oxides - BL, FS, Part 137 (137.105, 137.155, 137.160, 137.165, 137.170, 137.175, 137.180, 137.185), Cereal Flours
3-Nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (Roxarsone) FEED, REG, 0.5 ppm as arsenic - In muscle meat & eggs of chickens as res - 556.60; 2.0 ppm as arsenic - As res in edible by-products, turkeys, & swine - 556.60; 0.5 ppm as arsenic - As res in muscle tissue & by-products other than liver & kidney - 556.
Nitroimide w/Sulfanitran - FEED, REG, ZERO res for Nitroimide - As res in uncooked edible chicken tissue -556.220; Use in chicken feeds - 558.376
Nitrosyl chloride - BL, FS, GMP, Part 137 (137.105, 137.155, 137.160, 137.165, 137.170, 137.175, 137.180, 137.185, 137.200, 137.205), Cereal Flours
Nitrous oxide - MISC, GRAS, Propellant for dairy & veg-fat toppings in pressurized containers - 184.1545
Nonanoic acid - SANI, REG - 178.1010
alpha-(p-Nonylphenyl)-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene) - PEST, REG, GMP, Adjuvant for pesticide use -172.710; SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage
Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) - AOX, ILL, Not legal for use in foods - 189.165
Norflurazon - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 40 CFR 180.356
Novobiocin - FEED/VET, REG, 0.1 ppm - In milk from dairy animals - 556.460; 1.0 ppm - In uncooked edible tissues of cattle, chickens, turkeys, & ducks - 556.060; Uses in chicken, turkey, & duck feeds - 558.415; 525.1590
Nutmeg - ESO/SP, GRAS - 182.10
Nystatin - FEED, REG, ZERO - In eggs of poultry & in uncooked edible tissues & by-products of swine & poultry from use in feed as res - 556.470; Use in chicken & turkey feeds - 558.430
O
Oak moss - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Thujone free Comp of flavors - 172.510
Oak, white, chips - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Oak, (English), wood - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Oat gum - STAB, GRAS, GMP, Part 135.30, Frozen Desserts; Part 133 (133.178, 133.179, 133.180), Cheese Pdts
Octadecylamine - BC, REG, < 3.0 ppm in steam Excluding use of such steam in contact w/milk & milk pdts -173.310
Octafluorocyclobutane - MISC, REG, GMP, Propellent for food pdts - 173.360
n-Octanoic (caprylic) acid - X-ref caprylic acid, MISC, GRAS 184.1025; < 0.013% baked pdts, < 0.04% cheeses, < 0.005% fats & oils, 0.016% snack foods, < 0.001% all other food categories - 182.1025; CTG, GMP, fresh citrus fruit, 172.210; MISC, REG, GMP, 172.860; part of aliphatic acid mixture < 1.0% 
1-Octenyl succinic anhydride-MISC, REG, < 3.0% alone or < 2.0% w/ < 2.0% aluminum sulfate - Modifier for food starch - 172.892; SANI - 178.178.1010
n-Octyl alcohol - AF, REG, GMP, Comp of microcapsules -172.230
Octyl alcohol, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP, See Fatty alcohols, synthetic - 172.864; SOLV, REG, extraction process for citric acid - 172.280
n-Octylbicycloheptane dicarboximide - FUM, REG, 10 ppm - In foods - 172.864
Octyldimethylamine and a mixture of n-carboxylic acids - SANI, REG - 178.1010
Octyl gallate - PRES, REG, <0.0075% in margarine -166.110
Oil of sassafras - FL/ADJ, BAN - Illegal for use in foods 189.180
Oil of sassafras, safrole free - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Flavoring in food, See section 172.580 for specs
Oleandomycin - FEED, REG, 0.15 ppm - As res in edible tissues of chickens, turkeys & swine - 556.480; Uses -558.435
Oleic acid - MISC, REG, GMP - In foods as a lubricant, binder, & defoaming agent & as comp in mfr of other "food grade" additives - 172.840, 172.860, 172.863; CTG, GMP, fresh citrus fruit, 172.210; MISC, REG, < 1.0 ppm in flume water - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing ope
Oleic acid derived from tall oil fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP - As a comp in mfr of food-grade additives - 172.862; CTG, GMP, on fresh citrus fruit, 172.210; AF, GMP, in processing beet sugar & yeast - 173.340
Olestra - REG, May be used in place of fats and oils in prepackaged ready-to-eat savory snacks, and prepackaged, unpopped popcorn kernels that are ready-to-heat. In such foods, the additive may be used in place of fats and oils for frying or baking, in dough conditioners, in sprays, in filling ingre
Olibanum oil - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Onion - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Opopanax - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors 172.510
Orange-bitter, flowers, peel-ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Orange-sweet, leaf, flower, peel - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Oregano (origanum, Mexican oregano, Mexican sage, origan) - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Origanum - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Ormetoprim (2,4-Diamino-5(6-methylveratryl)pyrimi-dine) - FEED, REG, 0.1 ppm - As res in edible tissues of chickens, ducks, turkeys, salmonids & catfish - 556.490; Use in animal feed w/sulfadimethoxine - 558.575
Orris root -FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Oxamyl - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.303
Ox bile extract - EMUL, GRAS, GMP, < 0.002% cheese -184.1560
Oxides of nitrogen - BL, FS, GMP, Part 137, Cereal Flours
Oxfendazol - VET, REG, Use: As suspension for cattle -520.1630; 0.8 ppm - As res in cattle; liver (target tissue) -556.495
Oxystearin - INH, REG, 0.125% comb wt of oil, plus the additive - In cottonseed & soybean cooking & salad oils -172.818; INH, REG/FS, Part 169, Dressings for Foods; AF, REG, GMP, Comp of defoamer - 173.340
Oxytetracycline - FEED/VET, REG, 3 ppm - As res in uncooked kidneys of chickens & turkeys - 556.500; 1 ppm -In uncooked muscle, liver, fat & skin of chickens & turkeys as res - 556.500; 0.1 ppm neg res - In uncooked edible tissues of salmonids, catfish, & lobsters as res - 556.500; 0.1 ppm neg res -
Ozone - STERL, REG, GMP (< 0.4 mg/1l bottled water), Sterilizing bottled water - 184.1563 For use as an antimicrobial agent in the treatment, storage, and processing of foods, including meat and poultry - 173.368.
P
P-4000 (5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline) - NNS, ILL - Not legal in food - 189.175
Palmarosa - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Palmitic acid - MISC, REG, GMP - In foods as a lubricant, binder, & defoaming agent & as comp in mfr of other "food grade" additives - 172.860; CTG, GMP, fresh citrus fruit, 172.210; AF, GMP, in the processing of foods - 173.340
Pansy - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only -172.510
D-Pantothenamide - NUTR, REG, GMP, In foods for sp diet use - 172.335
D-Panthothenyl alcohol - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 82.5580
Papain - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP - 184.1585; 137.305 ­Enriched Farina; Part 136 - Enriched Bread; Part 582.1585 - Animal feeds
Paprika - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10; color additive, GMP -73.340
Paprika oleoresin - ESO, GRAS - 182.20; color additive, GMP -73.345
Paraffin wax (X-ref: Wax) - MISC, REG, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Paraformaldehyde - PRES, REG, 2 ppm of formaldehyde in maple syrup - Used to control microbial or fungal growth in maple tree tapholes - CFR 40 182.4650
Paraquat - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.205
Parsley - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Passion flower - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP - In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Patchouly - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Peach kernel (persic oil) - NAT, SP/FL/ADJ, GRAS -182.40
Peach leaves - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only, < 25 ppm prussic acid in the flavor - 172.510
Peanut oil - GRAS, GMP, substance migrating from cotton in dried food pkg - 182.70
Peanut stearine - NAT, SP/FL/ADJ, GRAS - 182.40
Pectins (including pectin modified) - EMUL, STAB, GRAS, GMP - 184.1588; sodium methyl sulfate may be present in pectins < 0.1%, 173.385; Part 145, Cnd Fruit; Part 150, Fruit Butters, Jellies & Preserves
Pelargonic acid - MISC, REG, < 1.0% aliphatic acids - In peeling solution for fruits & vegs - 173.315
Pendimethalin - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.361
Penicillin - FEED/VET, REG, 0.05 ppm neg res - Res in uncooked edible tissue of cattle - 556.510; ZERO - Res in uncooked edible tissues of chickens, pheasants, quail, sheep & swine; In eggs & in milk or in processed food in which milk has been used - 556.510; 0.01 ppm - Res in uncooked edible tissue
Penicillium roquefortii - MISC, FS, Part 133 - Cheeses
Pennyroyal (American) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Pennyroyal (European) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Pentaerythritol ester of maleic anhydride modified wood rosin - CTG, REG, GMP, Coating on fresh citrus fruit - 172.210
Pentaerythritol ester of rosin - X-ref - Rosin
Pepper, black, white - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Pepper, cayenne, red - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Peppermint - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Pepsin - ENZ, < 0.1% by wt in Enriched Farina - 137.305
Peptones - NUTR/SUPPL, GRAS, GMP, Processing aid & surface acting agent - 184.1553
Peracetic acid - MISC, REG, Modifier for food starch, < 0.45% of active oxygen - 172.892; SANI, < 200 ppm -178.1010
Perfluorohexane - MISC, REG, GMP, Mixture containing 1% perfluorohexane used to cool or freeze chickens -173.342
Periodic acid - MISC, GMP, Fixing agent for the immobilization of enzyme preparations - 173.357
Peroxyacetic acid - MISC, REG, For washing fruits and vegetables that are not raw agricultural commodities at levels < 80 ppm in wash water - 173.315
Peroxyacids -REG, Antimicrobial agent on red meat carcasses, parts, trim, and organs with maximum concentration of 220 ppm as peroxyacetic acid and maximum concentration of hydrogen peroxide of 75 ppm. - 173.370
Persic oil (see apricot/peach kernel oil) - NAT, SP/FL/ADJ, GRAS - 182.40
Peruvian balsam - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Petigrain (citrus aurantium) lemon, mandarin, or tangerine - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Petrolatum NF & USP - FEED, REG, 3.0% in mineral suppls or 0.06% in total ration - In animal feeds & mineral suppls to reduce dustiness & lubricant in pelleting, cubing or blocking feeds alone or comb/w white mineral oil - 573.720; CTG, REG, GMP, Coating for raw fruits & vegs - 172.880; AF, REG, in 
Petroleum hydrocarbons (Synthetic isoparaffinic) MISC, REG, GMP, As ctg on shell eggs - 172.882; In froth-flotation cleaning of vegs - do; As a float on fermentation fluid as in mfr of vinegar, wine & pickle brine - do; As a comp of ctg of fruits & vegs - 172.882; AF, REG, Comp of defoaming agent in
Petroleum hydrocarbons, odorless, light - AF, REG, GMP, As defoamer in processing beet sugar & yeast -172.884, 173.340; MISC, REG, < 1.0 ppm - In modified hop extract of beer - 172.560; MISC, REG, GMP, As a float on fermentation fluids in mfr of vinegar & wine; In froth-floatation cleaning of vegs; 
Petroleum naphtha - SOLV, REG, GMP, Ctg on fresh citrus -172.210, 172.250
Petroleum wax - AF, REG, in beet sugar & yeast, 173.340; MISC, REG, GMP, In chewing gum base & in other foods -172.615, 172.886; CTG, REG, GMP, Coating on cheese & fruits & vegs, 172.886; MISC, REG, < 50% of total wt of capsule & flavor - Comp of microcapsule for spice flavor for frozen pizza - 172.
Petroleum wax, synthetic - CTG, REG, GMP, On cheese & raw fruits & vegs - 172.888; MISC, REG, GMP, In chewing gum base - 172.615, 172.888; AF, REG, in beet sugar & yeast - Comp of defoaming agent - 173.340
Phenol-formaldehyde, cross-linked, tetraethylenepentamine activated - Ion exchange resin for treatment of food or potable water - 173.25
Phenol-formaldehyde, cross-linked, triethylenetetramine activated - Ion exchange resin for treatment of food or potable water - 173.25
Phenol-formaldehyde, cross-linked, triethylenetetramine and tetraethylenepentamine activated - Ion exchange resin for treatment of food or potable water -173.25
Phenol-formaldehyde, sulfite-modified, cross-linked Ion exchange resin for treatment of food or potable water -173.25
Phenylalanine, (L-form only) - NUTR/DS, REG, Food Additive Reg - 172.320
Phorate - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.206
Phosalone (S-(6-chloro-3-(mercapto-methyl)-2-benz oxazolinone) O,O-diethyl phosphorodithioate) - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.263
Phosphoric acid - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP - 182.1073; 131.144, Acidified Skim Milk; Part 133 (133.123, 133.124, 133.125, 133.129, 133.147, 133.169, 133.170, 133.171, 133.173, 133.174, 133.178, 133.179, 133.180) Cheese; SANI, REG, 178.1010; Part 582.1073 - In animal feed p
Phosphorus oxychloride - MISC, REG, < 0.1% w/ < 10% propylene oxide - In modifying food starch. Residual propylene chlorohydrin < 5 ppm - 172.892; < 0.1% or < 0.1% followed by either < 8% acetic anhydride or < 7.5% vinyl acetate - In modifying food starch, < 2.5% acetyl groups -172.892
Pichia pastoris yeast - 573.750
Picloram - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.292
Pimenta oil, pimenta leaf - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Pine, dwarf, needles & twigs - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Pine, scotch, needles & twigs - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Pine, white, bark - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Pine, white oil - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Piperonyl butoxide - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues -40 CFR 180.127
Pipsissewa leaves - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Poloxalene - FEED, REG, GMP, In molasses block & as feed additive in dry premixes to be fed to cattle for control of legume (alfalfa, clover) bloat - 558.464 & 520.1840; GMP, As liquified feed suppl - 558.465; < 0.32 oz/ton of feed - As a surfactant in flaking of feed grains - 573.760
Poly (Acrylic Acid Co-hypophosphorite) sodium salt -BC, REG, < 1.5 ppm - As a boiler water additive - 173.315
Polyacrylamide - MISC, REG, GMP, As a film former ctg < 0.2% acrylamide monomer in the imprinting of soft-shell gelatin capsules - 172.255; < 10 ppm & < 0.2% acrylamide monomer in wash water for fruits & vegs - 173.315
Polyacrylamide resin, modified - MISC, REG, < 5 ppm by wt of juice - Used as flocculent in the clarification of beet or cane sugar juice - 173.10
Poly(alkylmethacrylate) - MISC, REG, GMP, Adjuvant in production of petroleum wax - 172.886
Polydextrose - MISC, REG, GMP, As bulking agent, formulation aid, humectant, & texturizer in baked goods & baking mixes (fruit, custard, & pudding filled pies, cakes, cookies, & similar baked pdt only), chewing gums, confections, frostings & salad dressings, frozen 
Polyethylene - FEED, REG, 0.5 lb per head per day for 6 days - As roughage replacement in feedlot rations for cattle -573.780
Polyethylene, mol. wt. 2,000 - 21,000 - MISC, REG, As constituent of chewing gum base - 172.615; Ion exchange resin material in mfr of grapefruit juice - 173.20
Polyethylene, oxidized - CTG, REG, GMP, On fresh citrus fruits, vegs & nuts - 172.260
Polyethylenimine reaction product with 1,2-dichloroethane - MISC, GRAS, GMP, Fixing agent in the mfr of fructose corn syrup. Fixing agent for the immobiliza­tion of glucoamylase enzyme preparations from Aspergillus niger for use in the manufacture of beer - 173.357.
Polyoxyethylene (600) dioleate - AF, REG, Defoamer agent comp in beet sugar & yeast - 173.340
Polyoxyethylene (600) monoricinoleate - AF, REG, Defoamer agent comp in beet sugar & yeast - 173.340
Polyoxyethylene (23) lauryl ether - Feed (Block), REG, Use: For bloat in cattle in block - 520.1846;
Polyethylene glycol - BC, REG, GMP, In boiler water -173.310; AF, REG, GMP, Comp of defoaming agent -173.340; CTG, REG, GMP, Ctg on fresh citrus fruits -172.210
Polyethylene glycol (mean molecular weight 200 -9,500) - MISC, REG, GMP, Ctg, binder, plasticizing agent, and/or lubricant in tabs used for food; Adjuvant in nonnutritive sweeteners, vitamin & mineral prepns; Ctg for sodium nitrite t
Polyethylene glycol (400) dioleate - EMUL, REG, < 10% by wt. of defoamer formulation - Processing beet sugar & yeast - 173.340
Polyethylene glycol (400) mono- & di- oleate - Feed, REG, 250 ppm in molasses - Used as a processing aid in the production of animal feeds when present as a result if its addition to molasses - 573.800
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids - EMUL, REG, GMP, Used as emulsifiers in food or as cloud inhibitors in veg & salad oils where not precluded by standards - 172.854; 166.110 - Margarine, Part 169 (169.115, 169.140, 169.150) - Food D
Polyisobutylene (minimum molecular weight 1,200-2,500) - MISC, REG, GMP, In chewing gum base - 172.615
Polyglycerol phthalate ester of coconut oil fatty acids ­PEST, REG, GMP, Adjuvant for pesticide use - 172.710
Polymaleic acid and/or its sodium salts - BC, REG, < 1 ppm in boiler feed water - Boiler water additive - 173.310; Specific uses: Boiler water additives, use individually or together at not greater than 4 ppm in processing of beet or cane sugar juice or liquor process steam - 173.310, 173.45
Polyoxyethylene glycol (400) mono- & di- oleates -EMUL, REG, In milk replacer formulations for calves -573.820
Polyoxyethylene (23) lauryl ether - FEED, REG, Use: In feed blocks for cattle - 520.1846
Polyoxyethylene (40) monostearate -AF, REG, Defoaming agent comp - 173.340
Polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block polymers (avg molecular weight l900) - SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block polymers (avg molecular weight 2000) - SANI, REG, GMP, Adequate drainage; May be used on glass containers for holding milk - 178.1010
Polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block polymers (avg molecular weight 2800) - SANI, REG, < 80 ppm in soln - Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate - See Polysorbate 80 - 172.840
Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate - See Polysorbate 60 - 172.836
Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate -See Polysorbate 65 - 172.838
Polyoxypropylene glycol (Minimum molecular weight 1000) - BC, REG, GMP, In boiler water - 173.310
Polypropylene glycol (Molecular weight 1200-3000) ­AF, REG, Defoaming agent comp used in beet sugar & yeast - 173.340
Polysorbate 60 (Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan mono-stearate) - EMUL, REG, < 0.40% alone or w/one or comb of sorbitan monostearate, Polysorbate 80, Polysorbate 65 In whipped veg oil topping. Total amount any comb < 0.77% - 172.836;REG,
Polysorbate 65 (Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate) - EMUL, REG/FS, < 1.0% alone or w/Polysorbate 80 - Part 135, Frozen Desserts; Non-standardized Frozen Desserts - 172.838; REG, < 0.32% alone or any comb w/Polysorbate 60 &/or Sorb
Polysorbate 80 (Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate) - EMUL, REG/FS, < 0.1% alone or with Polysorbate 65 - Part 135, Frozen Desserts - 172.840; AF, REG, < 4 ppm, Used as yeast defoaming agent - do; SDA, REG, < 500 ppm (0.05%) - I
Polysorbate 80 w/ carrageenan or carrageenan salts -MISC, REG, < 5% Polysorbate 80 - In carrageenan or its salts - 172.623; < 500 ppm Polysorbate 80 - In finished food containing additive - 172.623
Polyvinyl Acetate (molecular weight 2000 minimum) -MISC, REG, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.6l5; REG, diluent for color additive mixtures for drug use exempt from certification - 73.1
Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone - MISC, REG, Clarifying agent in beverages & vinegar to be removed with filtration -173.50
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (avg molecular weight 40,000, except in beer) - MISC, REG, < 10 ppm (average molecular weight 360,000) - In beer from use as a clarifying agent 173.55;< 40 ppm - In vinegar - do; REG, < 60 ppm - In wine from use as a clarifying agent - do; REG, 
Poly(2-vinylpyridine-co-styrene) - FEED, CTG - Coating agent for nutrients for cattle - 573.870
Pomegranate - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Poplar buds - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alcoholic beverages only - 172.510
Poppy seed - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Pot marigold - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Pot marjoram - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Potassium acetate - B&N, FS - Unlisted GRAS
Potassium acid tartrate - B&N/MISC, GRAS, GMP -184.1077; Part 150 (150.141, 150.161), Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; Part 582.1077 - In animal feeds
Potassium alginate - STAB, GRAS - Stabilizer & thicken­er, < 0.1% in confections & frostings, < 0.7% in gelatins & puddings, < 0.25% in processed fruits & fruit juices, < 0.01 % in all other food categories - 184.1610
Potassium alum - MISC, FS, Part 137, Flour; REG, used as comp of bleaching agent for dairy pdts in cheese prepn in Part 133 (133.102, 133.103, 133.104, 133.106, 133.111, 133.141, 133.165, 133.181, 133.195)
Potassium bicarbonate - B&N/MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP -184.1613, Part 163 (163.110, 163.111, 163.112, 163.114, 163.117), Cacao Pdts; Part 582.1613 - In animal feeds
Potassium bisulfite -PRES, GRAS/FS, GMP, Restrictions: Not in meats, foods recognized as source of Vitamin B1 , raw fruit & veg (incl fresh potatoes, i.e., not frozen, cnd or dehydrated) - served fresh - 182.3616
Potassium bromate - BL, FS, < 75 ppm added to whole wheat flour; 50 ppm in white flour - Part 137 (137.155, 137.205), Cereal Flours; Part 136 (136.110, 136.115, 136.130, 136.160, 136.180), Bakery Pdts; MISC, REG, < 75 ppm calc as bromine - In malt for pdtn of fermented malt beverages or distilled sp
Potassium bromide - SANI, REG, < 200 ppm available halogen - Adequate drainage - 178.1010; MISC, REG, For washing fruits & vegs - 173.315
Potassium caprate - MISC, REG, GMP - 172.863
Potassium caprylate - MISC, REG, GMP - 172.863
Potassium carbonate - B&N/MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP -184.1619; Part 163, Cocoa Pdts; Used in treatment of modified hop extract - 172.560; BC, REG - 173.310; Part 582.1619 - In animal feeds - 184.1619
Potassium caseinate - MISC, FS, Part 135 (135.110, 135.140), Frozen Desserts
Potassium chloride - MISC, GRAS/FS - 184.1622; Part 150 (150.141, 150.161), Art Sw Jelly & Preserves, Added to margarine - 166.110; DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5622
Potassium citrate - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP - 182.1625; SEQ, GRAS, GMP - 182.1625; Part 133 (133.169, 133.173, 133.179), Cheese; Part 150 (150.141, 150.161), Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; Part 582.1625 - In animal feeds
Potassium cyclamate - NNS, ILL, Removed from GRAS list 10-21-69 - 189.135
Potassium dichloroisocyanurate - SANI, REG, < 100 ppm available halogen - Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Potassium fumarate - REG, GMP, sp diet - 172.350
Potassium Gibberellate - REG, < 2 ppm as gibberellic acid in malting barley - 172.725
Potassium gluconate - MISC, FS, GMP
Potassium glycerophosphate - DS, GRAS, GMP -182.5628; NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.8628
Potassium hydroxide -B&N/MISC, GRAS/FS -184.1631; Part 163, Cacao Products; Part 582.1631 - In animal feeds
Potassium hypochlorite - SANI, REG, < 200 ppm available halogen as chlorine - Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Potassium iodate - BL/DS, GRAS/FS - 184.1635; < 0.0075% by wt flour - Part 136 (136.110, 136.115, 136.130, 136.160, 136.180), Bakery Pdts; Animal feed; Trace mineral in animal feeds - 582.80
Potassium iodide - NUTR, GRAS, < 0.01% - In table salt as source of dietary iodine - 184.1634; DS, REG, < 225 micrograms daily ingestion - For foods labeled w/o reference to age or physiological state - 172.375; < 45 micrograms daily ingestion for infants - For food when age or the cond of pregnancy
Potassium lactate - MISC, GRAS, GMP, used as flavor enhancer or adjuvant, humectant & pH control agent -184.1639
Potassium laurate - MISC, REG, GMP - 172.863
Potassium metabisulfite - PRES, GRAS/FS, GMP, Restrictions: Not in meats, foods recognized as source of Vitamin B1, raw fruit & veg (incl fresh potatoes, i.e., not frozen, cnd or dehydrated) - served fresh - 182.3617
Potassium N-methyldithiocarbamate - REG, 3.5 ppm in terms of wt of sugar cane being processed - Comp of bacteriostat in controlling microorganisms in cane sugar mills; 4.1 ppm in terms of wt of raw cane or beets - Comp of bacteriostat in controlling microorganisms in cane sugar & beet sugar mills - 
Potassium myristate - MISC, REG, GMP - 172.863
Potassium nitrate - MISC, REG, < 200 ppm of finished roe Used as a curing agent in the processing of cod roe -172.160; PRES, PS, source of nitrite used in pdtn of cured red meat & poultry pdts - 181.33
Potassium nitrite - PRES, PS, source of nitrite used in pdtn of cured red meat & poultry pdts - 181.34
Potassium oleate - MISC, REG, GMP - 172.863
Potassium palmitate - MISC, REG, GMP - 172.863
Potassium permanganate - BL, REG, < 50 ppm calc as manganese - used as bleaching agent in modified food starch - 172.892
Potassium persulfate - REG, GMP, Adj for coatings of fresh citrus - 172.210
Potassium phosphate (dipotassium phosphate) (dibasic) - SEQ, GRAS/FS, GMP - 182.6285; Part 133 (133.169, 133.173, 133.179), Process Cheeses
Potassium phosphate (monobasic) - REG, <0.5% by wt of frozen eggs as a color preservative - 160.110
Potassium salts of fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP, In foods as binder, emulsifier, & anti-caking agent - 172.863
Potassium sorbate - PRES, GRAS/FS - 182.3640; < 0.3% as sorbic acid - Part 133 (133.123, 133.173, 133.179, 133.180, 133.188) Cheeses; FS, < 0.1% by wt - Part 150 (150.141, 150.161), Fruit Butter & Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; < 0.1% or 0
Potassium stearate - MISC, REG, GMP, Specifications -172.863; AF for beet sugar & yeast - 173.340; Comp of chewing gum - 172.615
Potassium sulfate - FL/ADJ, GRAS, GMP - 184.163
Potassium trichloroisocyanurate - SANI, REG, < 100 ppm avail halogen as chlorine - Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Potassium triphosphate - BC, REG, GMP - 173.310
Prednisolone - VET, REG, ZERO - In milk from dairy animals treated with mastitis formulations - 556.520
Prednisone - VET, REG, ZERO - In milk from dairy animals treated with mastitis formulations - 556.530
Prickly ash bark - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Primisulfuron-methyl - REG, 0.02 ppm - As res in corn grain & milk - 40 CFR 180.452; 0.01 ppm - As res in eggs do; 0.01 ppm - As res in meat, meat by-products & fat of cattle, goats, hogs, poultry & sheep & corn - do
Procaine penicillin - VET, REG, Used as injection in animals - 574.274b et al; 0.05 ppm - Res in uncooked edible tissues of cattle - 556.510; 0.01 ppm - Res in uncooked edible tissues of turkey - 556.510; ZERO - Res in uncooked edible tissues of chicken, pheasants, quail, swine, sheep, in eggs, in m
Profenofos - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues 40 CFR 180.404
Profluralin - HERB, REG, 0.3 ppm - As res in/on soybean hay - 40 CFR 180.348; 0.1 ppm - As res in/on cottonseed, pod vegs, sunflower seeds - do; 0.02 ppm - As res in/on eggs or milk, meat, fat & meat by-products of cattle, hogs, goats poultry & sheep - do
Progesterone - VET, REG, ZERO - No res above stated tolerances in uncooked edible tissues & by-products of lambs & steers - 556.540; Use as implant in combination with estradiol valerate - 522.1940 (NOT TO BE USED IN VEAL CALVES)
Proline (L form only) - NUTR/DS, REG, Food Additive Reg - 172.320
Propane - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1655; Combustion product gas - 173.350
Propanil - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.272
Propanoic acid -SANI, REG - 178.1010
Propargite -PEST,REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.259
Proparquite - PEST, REG, 80 ppm in dr apple pomace - In processed feeds as a result of application to growing crops as res - 40 CFR 186.5000; 40 ppm in dr citrus pulp & dr grape pulp
Propetamphos - PEST, REG, Use as spot/crack/crevice treatment (1 % max.) Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.541
Propionic acid - PRES, GRAS/FS, GMP - 184.1081; Part 133 (133.149, 133.195), Propionic acid produced by bacteria, Swiss & Gruyere Cheese
Propyl alcohol, normal - FEED, REG, Used in feeds as a source of metabolizable energy - 573.880
Propylene glycol - MISC, GRAS/FS - 184.1666; Part 169 (169.175, 169.176, 169.177, 169.178, 169.180, 169.181), Vanilla Extract; Carrier for enzyme modified soy protein; Part 582.1666 - In animal feeds
Propylene glycol alginate (Propylene glycol ester of alginic acid) - MISC, REG, stab < 0.5% by wt in frozen dairy desserts, emul/stab/or thickener < 0.5% by wt in baked goods, emul/stab/thickener <0.
Propylene glycol mono- & di- esters of fats & fatty acids - EMUL, REG/FS, GMP - 172.856; Part 136 (136.110, 136.115, 136.130, 136.160, 136.180), Bakery Pdts; AF, REG, GMP, Defoamer agent compound - 173.340
Propylene oxide - MISC, REG, < 25% for treatment - In modifying food starch. Residual propylene chlorohydrin < 5 ppm - 172.892; FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.491
Propyl gallate - AOX, GRAS, AOX content <0.02% of fat or oil content incl essential oil content of food - 184.1660; Margarine - 166.110; REG, 0.1% alone or/BHA/BHT - Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615; Pressure-sensitive adhesives used as the food contact surface of labels &/or tapes applied to food
Propylparaben (propyl-p-hydroxybenzoate) - PRES, GRAS/FS, GMP - 184.1670; < 0.1%, Part 150, 150.141, 150.161), Art Sw Jelly & Preserves; REG, 0.025%, In mastitis formulations - 526.820; REG, ZERO - In milk from dairy animals - 556.550
Protein concentrate, whole fish - DS, REG, GMP -172.385
Protein, hydrolyzed - MISC, FS, Part 161.190(a), Cnd Tuna
Protein, vegetable, hydrolyzed - Cnd Vegs, Part 150 (155.120, 155.130, 155.170, 155.200)
Prussiate of soda, yellow (Na ferrocyanide decahydrate) - AC, REG, < 13 ppm calc as anhydrous Na ferrocyanide - Anticaking agent in salt - 172.490; AC/FEED, REG, 13 ppm -do; In salt for animal consumption -573.1020
Psyllium seed husk - STAB, FS, 0.5% by wt - Part 135, Frozen Desserts
Pteroylglutamic acid (aka folic acid) - X-ref Folic acid, DS, REG, < 0.40 mg w/o ref to age or physiological state As comp of dietary suppls, provided directions for use, when followed < tolerance - l72.345
Pyrantel tartrate - FEED/VET, REG, 10 ppm - In swine liver & kidney as res - 556.560; 1 ppm - In swine muscle as res - 556.560; Uses: In swine feeds - 558.485; Powder & Tabs - 520.2045
Pyrethrins - FUM, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.128
Pyridoxine hydrochloride - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP -182.5676, 184.1676
Pyrophyllite (aluminum silicate monohydrate) -AC/MISC, REG, < 2.0% in complete animal feed - As sole anticaking aid, blending agent, pelleting aid, or carrier in animal feed - 573.900
Q
Quassia - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Quaternary ammonium chloride combination - PRES, REG, See Reg, In proc of sugar cane juice and in cane sugar mills - 172.165, 173.320
Quebracho bark - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Quillaia (soapbark) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Quince seed - NAT, GRAS - 182.40
Quinine hydrochloride or sulfate - FLAV, REG, < 83 ppm as quinine - Flavoring agent in carbonated bevs - 172.575
Quizalofop ethyl - HERB, REG, USE: Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.441
R
Radiation and Radiation sources - Ionizing radiation for the treatment of food - REG gamma rays of the radionuclides cobalt-60 or cesium-137; electrons generated from machine sources at energies not to exceed 10 million electron volts; and x-rays generated from machine sources at energies not to exc
Rapeseed oil, fully hydrogenated - STAB, GRAS, GMP, See REG, Use in peanut butter - 184.1555(a)
Rapeseed oil, fully hydrogenated, superglycerinated -EMUL, GRAS, GMP, See REG, Use in shortenings for cake mixes - 184.1555(b)
Rapeseed oil, low erucic acid - MISC, GRAS, GMP, See REG, Except in infant formula - 184.1555(c); May be declared on label as "Canola Oil"
Rapeseed oil, low erucic acid, partially hydrogenated MISC, GRAS, GMP, See Reg, Except in infant formula -184.1555(c)(2)
Red saunders (red sandalwood) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP In alc bevs only - 172.510
Regenerated cellulose - MISC, REG, See REG, As an ion-exchange resin - 173.25(a)(20)
Rennet (Rennin) - MISC, GRAS, Milk - Part 131; Cheese and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; In animal feeds -582.1685; GRAS, GMP, See REG - 184.1685
Resin, from formaldehyde, acetone, or tetraethylenepentamine - MISC, REG, See REG, As an ion-exchange resin - 173.25(a)(8)
Rhatany root - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Rhizopus oryzae - MISC, REG, Source of carbohydrase for prod of dextrose from starch - 173.130
Rhubarb, garden root (Rheum rhaponticum L) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Rhubarb root - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Riboflavin - NUTR/DS, GRAS/FS, Cereal Flours - Part 137; Alimentary Pastes - Part 139; Bakery Prods - Part 136; GRAS, GMP - 182.5695, 184.1695
Riboflavin-5-phosphate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP -182.5697, 184.1697
Rice bran wax - CTG/MISC, REG, < 50 m - Ctg for candy - 172.890;< 50 ppm - Ctg for fresh fruits & vegs -72.890; < 2.5% - In chewing gum as plasticizing material - 172.890, 172.615
Robenidine HCl - FEED, REG, 0.2 ppm - As residue in chicken fat & skin - 556.580; 0.1 ppm neg residue - In other edible tissue of chickens - 556.580; Use & other info -558.515
Rose absolute (otto of roses, attar of roses) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Rose buds, flowers, fruit (hips), leaves - ESO, GRAS
Rose geranium - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Roselle - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Rosemary - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Rosidinha (rosadinha) - MISC, REG - 172.615
Rosin (colophony) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only -172.510
Rosin, gum, glycerol ester - MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum - 172.615
Rosin, gum or wood, pentaerythritol ester, partially hydrogenated pentaerythritol ester, or partially hydrogenated glycerol ester - MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum - 172.615
Rosin, methyl ester, partially hydrogenated - MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum - 172.615; SY/FL -172.515
Rosi, partial dimerized, calcium salt or partially (catalytically) hydrogenated - CTG, REG, GMP, Ctg on fresh citrus fruit - 172.210
Rosin, polymerized glycerol ester, partially hydrogenated glycerol ester, or partially dimerized glycerol ester -MISC, REG, Softener for chewing gum - 172.615
Rosin, tall oil, glycerol ester-MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum - 172.615
Rosin, wood - CTG, REG, GMP, Ctg on fresh citrus fruit -172.210
Rosin, wood, glycerol ester - MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum - 172.615; MISC, REG - 172.735
Rosin, wood, pentaerythritol ester of maleic anhydride - CTG, REG, GMP, Ctg on fresh citrus fruit - 172.210
Roxarsone - FEED/VET, REG, See 3-nitro 4-hydroxy phenyl arsenic acid (Arsenic) for tolerances - 556.60; Use: In chicken & swine feeds - 558.530; In Drinking Water of chickens, turkeys, & swine - 520.2087, 520.2088
Rubber, butadiene-styrene - MISC, REG, Comp of chew­ing gum base - 172.615
Rubber (natural) smoked sheet and latex solids -MISC, REG, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Rue - SP/ESO, GRAS, < 2 ppm - 184.1698
Rue, oil - FL/ADJ, GRAS, See REG - 184.1699
Rum - FLAV, FS, Cnd Fruits - Part 145
S
Saccharin (ammonicalcium, or sodium) -NNS, REG/ITEM, < 12 mg /fl oz - In bevs and fruit juice drinks & bases or mixes - 180.37; < 20 mg/teaspoonful of sugar sweetening equivalency - In sugar substitutes for cooking or table use - 180.37; < 30 mg/serving - In processed foods -180.37; Part 145 - Cnd F
Saffron - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20 - Not permitted in standardized mayonnaise (169.140) or salad dressing (169.150); Color additive - 73.500
Safrole & any oil containing safrole - ILL, No legal use in food 189.180
Safrole-free extract of sassafras - FLAV, REG, Flavoring in food - 172.580
Sage, Greek - ESO/SP, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Sage, Spanish - SP, GRAS - 182.20
St. John's bread - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
St. Johnswort leaves, flowers and caulis - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP - In alc bevs only, Hypericin-free alcohol distillate form only - 172.510
Salicylic acid - MISC, REG, Zero Tolerance - Residue in milk from dairy animals - 556.590; Use - Comp of mastitis formulations - 526.820
Salinomycin - FEED, REG, Use - In chicken feeds -558.550
Salts of fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP - 172.863
Sandalwood, white (yellow or East Indian), red -FL/ADJ, REG, GMP - In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Sandarac - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Sanitizing solutions - SANI, REG, For use on food proc equipment followed by adequate draining. See individual compounds for limitations on uses and concentrations -178.1010
Sarsaparilla - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, Natural flavor -172.510
Sassafras extract, safrole free - FLAV, REG, GMP -172.580
Sassafras leaves - FLAV/ADJ, REG, GMP, Must be safrole free - 172.510
Savory, winter or summer - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10,
Schinus molle - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Selenium as Sodium Selenite or Selenate - FEED, REG, < 0.1 ppm in complete feed - Uses: In complete feeds for chickens, swine, turkeys, sheep, beef cattle, dairy cattle & ducks - 573.920; < 0.3 ppm - In prestarter & starter rations for swine - 573.920
Senna, Alexandria - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Serine (L-form only) - NUTS/DS, REG - 172.320
Serpentaria (Virginia snakeroot) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Sesame - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Silica aerogel - AF, GRAS - 182.1711
Silicon dioxide - AC, REG, < 2.0% by wt of food - Used only in those foods where anticaking effect is demonstrated 172.480;REG, < 2% by wt of feed - In feed & feed components as anticaking or grinding agent - 573.940 for use limit; FS, < 1.0% by wt of finished food -
Silver nitrate -- REG, Used as an antimicrobial agent, in an aqueous solution with hydrogen peroxide, in bottled water. Silver nitrate NTE 17 ug/kg in the treated bottled water, and hydrogen peroxide NTE 23 mg/kg. - 172.167
Simaruba bark - FL/ADJ, REG, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Simazine - HERB, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.213
Sloe berries (blackthorn berries) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Smoke prepared by condensing or precipitating wood smoke - FLAV, FS, Past Proc Cheese - Part 133; Cnd Tuna -161.190
Snakeroot, Canadian (wild ginger) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Sodium acetate - B&N, GRAS/FS, Art Sw Fruit Jelly -150.141, Art Sw Fruit Pres and Jams - 150.161; BC, REG, Comp of boiler water additive - 173.310; GRAS, GMP -184.1721; GRAS, Migr from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food pkg - 182.70; In animal feeds - 582.121
Sodium acid phosphate - SEQ, GRAS, Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Froz Desserts - Part 135; GRAS, GMP - 182.6085
Sodium acid pyrophosphate - B&N, GRAS/FS, Cereal Flours - Part 137; EMUL, FS, Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; INH, FS, < 0.5% finished food - Prevent struvite crystal formation in cnd tuna - 161.190(a); In animal feeds - 582.1087
Sodium alginate - STAB, GRAS/FS, Cheeses and Rel Prods - Part 133; Froz Desserts - Part 135; Art Sw Fruit Jelly - 150.141; Art Sw Fruit Pres and Jams - 150.161; GRAS - 184.1724; BC, REG, Comp of boiler water additive -173.310
Sodium n-alkylbenzene sulfonate (alkyl group predominately C12 and C13 and not less than 95% C10 to C16) - MISC, REG, < 0.2% in wash water - Used in washing or to assist in lye peeling of fruits & vegs - 173.315
Sodium aluminate - BC, REG, Comp of boiler water additive - 173.310; GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 182.90
Sodium aluminosilicate (sodium silicoaluminate) - AC, GRAS/FS, < 2%, Dried whole eggs and egg yolks -160.105, 160.185; Grated Cheeses - 133.146; GRAS, < 2% -182.2727
Sodium aluminum phosphate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Self-rising Flours & Meals - Part 137; EMUL, GRAS/FS, Cheeses, Various - Part 133; GRAS, GMP - 182.1781; In animal feeds - 582.1781
Sodium aluminum sulfate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Cereal Flours - Part 137
Sodium arsanilate - FEED, REG, See Arsenic
Sodium ascorbate - PRES, GRAS, GMP - 182.3731
Sodium benzoate GRAS/FS, < 0.1%, Fruit Pres & Art Sw Fruit Jelly & Pres - 150.141, 150.161; < 0.1%, Margarine -166.110; Conc. Orange Juice - 146.152, 146.154; GRAS, GMP - 184.1733
Sodium bicarbonate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Cnd Peas - Part 155; Cnd Tomato Paste - 155.191; Cacao Prods - Part 163; Cereal Flours - Part 137; GRAS, GMP - 184.1736; MISC, REG, Used to treat sodium methyl sulfate - 173.385; SANI, REG - 178.1010(b)(41); In animal feeds - 582.1736
Sodium bisulfite - PRES, GRAS, Not in meats or foods recognized as source of Vit B1, etc., See REG - 182.3739; GRAS, FS, Cnd Shrimp - 161.173
Sodium borohydride - MISC, REG, < 310 ppm boron ­Used as modifier for hop extract - 172.560
Sodium bromide - SANI, REG, < 200 ppm avail halogen -Adequate drainage - 178.1010
Sodium calcium aluminosilicate hydrated (sodium calcium silicoaluminate) - AC, GRAS, GMP, < 2% - 182.2729
Sodium carbonate - BC, REG, Boiler water additive -173.310; B&N, GRAS/FS, Cacao Prods - Part 163; Cnd Vegs Part 155; In animal feeds - 582.1742; GRAS, GMP -184.1742
Sodium carbonate w/sodium mono- & dimethyl naphthalene sulfonates - MISC, REG, For use in potable water systems - 172.824; MISC, < 0.2% in wash water - Used in washing or to assist in lye peeling of fruits and vegs -173.315
Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (cellulose gum) - The sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose, not less than 99.5% on a dry weight basis - MISC, GRAS, GMP, With one or any mixture of two or more gums permitted - 182.1745; STAB, As optional ingredient in following standar
Sodium chloride - GRAS/FS, Milk and Cream - Part 131; Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Cnd Fruits -Part 145; Cnd Vegs - Part 155; Veg Juices - Part 156; Froz Vegs - Part 158; Fish and Shellfish - Part 161; Cacao Prods - Part 163; Margarine - Part 166; Food Dress and Flavorings - Part 169; GR
Sodium chlorite - MISC, REG, GMP, Modifier for food starch - 172.892
Sodium citrate - B&N/SEQ, GRAS/FS, Milk and Cream ­Part 131; Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Art Sw Fruit Jelly, Jam, and Pres - 150.141, 150.161; GRAS, GMP - 182.1751, 182.6751; In animal feeds - 582.1751
Sodium cloxacillin - VET, REG, 0.01 ppm - As residues in milk - 556.165;
Sodium cyclamate - NNS, ILL - Removed from GRAS list 10-21-69 - 189.135
Sodium N-cyclohexyl-N-palmitoyl taurate - SANI, REG, Followed by adequate drainage - 178.1010(b)(40)
Sodium decylbenzenesulfonate - MISC, REG, GMP -Adjuvant for ctg on fresh citrus fruits - 172.210
Sodium diacetate - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1754
Sodium dichloroisocyanurate - SANI, REG, < 100 ppm available halogen - Followed by adequate drainage -178.1010
Sodium 2,2-dichloropropionate (Dalapon) - PEST, REG, 20 ppm (calc as acid) - In dehydrated citrus pulp for cattle feed from application to citrus during growing season -40 CFR 186.1500
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate - PRES, REG, 3.0 ppm in raw cane - Comb wi Disodium ethylenebisdithiocarbamate for control of microorganisms in cane sugar mills -173.320; 3.0 ppm in raw cane or sugar beets - Comb w/Disodium ethylene bisdithiocarbamate & ethylene diamine for control of micro organisms
Sodium dioctylsulfosuccinate - SANI, REG, GMP, Followed by adequate drainage - 178.1010
Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate - MISC, REG, < 0.2% in wash water - Surface active agent in commercial detergents used in washing fruits & vegs, or to assist in lye peeling these prods - 173.315
Sodium-2-ethyl-hexylsulfate - MISC, REG, < 0.2% in wash water - Used in washing or to assist in lye peeling of fruits & vegs - 173.315
Sodium ferrocyanide decahydrate - See Prussiate of soda
Sodium fluoride - NUTR, PD/ILL, GMP, X-ref - Fluorine containing compounds
Sodium glucoheptonate - BC, REG, < 1 ppm cyanide in compound - Boiler water additive - 173.310
Sodium gluconate - MISC, GRAS/FS, GMP - 182.6757
Sodium hexametaphosphate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310; SEQ, GRAS/FS, Fruit Jellies - Part 150; Cheese - Part 133; Froz Desserts - Part 135; Food Dress - Part 169; GRAS, GMP - 182.6760; GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 182.90
Sodium humate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive -173.310
Sodium hydroxide - B&N, GRAS/FS, Cocoa Prods - Part 163; MISC, GRAS - 184.1763; BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310; In animal feeds - 582.1763; MISC, REG, < 1% - In modifying food starch - 172.892; MISC - Used in manufacture of modified hop extract - 172.5
Sodium hypochlorite - MISC, REG, < 0.055 lb Cl per lb drystarch; 0.45% active O2 from H2O2; and < 25% propyleneoxide, or not to exceed 0.0082 lb Cl per lb of dry starch - In modifying food starch, residual propylene- chlorohydrin < 5 ppm - 172.892; REG, GMP, Used in washing or to assist in the lye p
Sodium hypophosphite - EMUL/STAB, GRAS, GMP -184.1764
Sodium iodate - DS, GRAS, Animal feed; Source of Iodine -Trace Mineral - 582.80
Sodium iodide - DS, GRAS, Animal feed; Source of Iodine - Trace Mineral - 582.80; SANI, REG, < 25 ppm I in sln -Followed by adequate drainage - 178.1010
Sodium lactate - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1768
Sodium laurate - MISC, REG, X-ref wi fatty acids, salts of -172.863
Sodium lauryl sulfate - EMUL, REG, < 125 ppm (0.0125%) - In liquid & froz egg whites - 172.822; < 1,000 ppm (0.1%) - In egg white solids - 172.822; < 5,000 ppm (0.5%) wt of gelatin - Whipping agent in gelatin used in preparing marshmallows - 172.822; AF, REG, < 25 ppm in finished product - As a surf
Sodium lignosulfonate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310
Sodium lignum sulfonate - FEED, REG, < 4% of finished pellets - As sole pelleting aid in animal feeds - 576.600
Sodium metabisulfite - PRES, GRAS, GMP, Not in meats or foods recognized as a source of Vit B1, etc., See REG -182.3766; GRAS/FS, Fruit Jellies - Part 150; BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310
Sodium metaphosphate - EMUL, GRAS/FS, Cheeses -Part 133; GRAS, GMP - 182.6769
Sodium metasilicate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310; MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1769a
Sodium methyl sulfate - EMUL, REG, < 0.1% in pectin -As a proc residue in pectin - 173.385
Sodium mono- & di-methyl naphthalene sulfonates -MISC, REG, < 0.2% in wash water - Used in washing or to assist in lye peeling of fruits & vegs - 173.315; REG, < 250 ppm - In sodium carbonate for use in potable water systems - 172.824;AC, REG, < 0.1% - In fatty acids, salts of - 172.863
Sodium nicotinate - ILL, Request for extension of statute and for filing of petition denied. Deceptive use in ground meat for color retention.
Sodium nitrate - PRES, REG, < 500 ppm - Alone or w/ sodium nitrite as a preservative and color fixative in smoked, cured salmon, shad, & sablefish, or in meat-curing preparations for home curing of me
Sodium nitrite - PRES, REG, < 200 ppm - Alone or with sodium nitrate as a preservative and color fixative in smoked, cured salmon, shad & sablefish; or in meat curing preparations for home curing of m
Sodium 1-octanesulfonate - SANI, REG - Comp of sanitizing sln - > 156 to < 312 ppm, isopropyl alcohol may be added as an optional ingredient - Followed by adequate draining - 178.1010(b)(27); Comp of sanitizing sln - Sulfuric acid may be added as an optional ingredient - Followed by adequate drainin
Sodium oleate - MISC, REG, X-ref wi fatty acids, salts of -172.863
Sodium palmitate - MISC, REG, X-ref wi fatty acids, salts of - 172.863
Sodium pantothenate - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 182.5772
Sodium pectinate - MISC, GRAS - In animal feeds -582.1775; EMUL/STAB, GRAS, GMP - 184.1588
Sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic) - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 182.1778; SEQ, GRAS, GMP - 182.6778; DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5778, 182.8778; BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310; GRAS/FS - Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Art Sw Fruit Jellies, Pres, and Jams - 150.141, 150.161
Sodium phosphate (monobasic) (monosodium phos­phate) - PRES, GRAS/FS, < 0.5% - Froz Eggs - 160.110; Cacao Prods - Part 163
Sodium phosphate (dibasic) (disodium phosphate) - GRAS, GMP - 182.6290; GRAS/FS- Froz Deserts - Part 135; Enriched Farina - 137.305; Macaroni and Noodle Prods - Part 139;
Sodium polyacrylate-acrylamide resin - MISC, REG, < 2.5% wt of juice or liquor - In beet sugar or cane sugar juice to control organic and mineral scale - 173.5
Sodium polyacrylate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310; MISC, REG, < 3.6 ppm of raw juice weight -Mineral scale inhibition in beet and cane sugar prod
Sodium polymethacrylate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310
Sodium potassium tartrate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Cheeses - Part 150; Art Sw Fruit Jellies, Pres, and Jams - 150.141, 150.161; MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1804; In animal feeds -582.1804
Sodium propionate - PRES, GRAS/FS, GMP, Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Art Sw Fruit Jellies, Pres, and Jams -150.141, 150.161; Bakery Prods - Part 136; MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1784
Sodium pyrophosphate - SEQ, GRAS, GMP - 182.6787
Sodium saccharin -NNS, GRAS/INTERIM, See Saccharin - 180.37
Sodium salts of fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP, Binder, emulsifier, and anticaking agent in food - 172.860, 172.863
Sodium sesquicarbonate - MISC, GRAS, GMP -184.1792
Sodium silicate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive -173.310;
Sodium silicoaluminate - AC, GRAS/FS, X-ref - Sodium aluminosilicate - Dried whole eggs and egg yolks - 160.105, 160.185
Sodium sorbate - PRES, GRAS/FS, < 0.3% by wt as sorbic acid - Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods, alone or comb wi potassium sorbate or sorbic acid - Part 133; 0.1% by wt -Fr
Sodium stearate - MISC, REG, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615; X-ref wi 172.863; STAB, PS, Migr from food pckg material - 181.29
Sodium stearoyl lactylate - REG, As follows unless pre­cluded by Food Standards - 172.846; < 0.5% by weight of flour - As dough strengthener, emulsifier, or proc aid in baked prods, pancakes, waffles and prepared mixes of these; < 0.2% by weight of finished food - As surface active agent, emulsifier
Sodium stearyl fumarate - MISC, REG, < 1% by weight -As conditioning agent in dehydrated potatoes or in processed cereals for cooking unless food standards precludes such use - 172.826; REG, < 0.2% by weight of food - As a conditioning agent in starch thickened or flour-thick-ened foods - 172.826; S
Sodium sulfachloropyrazine monohydrate - VET, REG, ZERO - Residues in edible tissues of chickens - 556.625; Use: Drinking water - 520.2184
Sodium sulfate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive -173.310; MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Sodium sulfide - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Sodium sulfite - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive -173.310; PRES, GRAS, GMP, Not in meats or foods recognized as source of Vit B1, etc., See REG - 182.3798
Sodium sulfo-acetate derivatives (mono- & di-glycerides) - EMUL, FS, <0.5% - Margarine - 166.110
Sodium tartrate - MISC, GRAS/FS, Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Art Sw Fruit Jellies, Pres, and Jams - 150.141, 150.161; MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1801
Sodium tetrapyrophosphate - SEQ, GRAS/FS, X-ref wi tetrasodium pyrophosphate - 182.6789
Sodium thiosulfate - SEQ, GRAS, GMP, < 0.1% - In table salt - 184.1807; < 0.00005% - In alc bevs - 184.1807
Sodium p-toluenesulfonchloramide - SANI, REG, GMP - Followed by adequate drainage - 178.1010(b)(3)
Sodium trichloroisocyanurate - SANI, REG, < 100 ppm available Cl - Followed by adequate drainage - 178.1010
Sodium trimetaphosphate - MISC, REG, < 0.4% as phosphorus - Food starch modifier - 172.892
Sodium tripolyphosphate - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 172.310; MISC, REG, < 0.4% as phosphorus -Food starch modifier - 172.892; SEQ, GRAS, GMP -182.1810, 182.6810; GRAS, Migr from cotton and cotton fibers used in dry food pckg - 182.70; GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 
Sodium xylenesulfonate - SANI, REG, 31-62 ppm -Comp of sanitizing sln - 178.1010
Solvent Extraction Process for Citric Acid - MISC, REG -173.280
Sorbic acid - PRES, GRAS/FS, < 0.2% - Cheeses and Cheese Rel Prods - Part 133; PRES, GRAS/FS, < 0.3% by weight as sorbic acid, alone or comb wi potassium or sodium sorbate -Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods
Sorbitan monooleate - EMUL, REG, See REG, Use: In clarification of cane and beet sugar juice or liquor - 173.75
Sorbitan monostearate - EMUL, REG, < 0.4% alone or any comb of Polysorbate 60, 65, or 80 of the weight of finished whipped edible oil topping; > 0.4% in comb if Polysorbate 60 < 0.77% and Sorbitan monostearate < 0.27% of weight of fin
Sorbitol - MISC, GRAS, GMP, See REG - 184.1835; GRAS, Migrate to food from paper and paperboard prods -182.90
Soybean oil, hydrogenated - GRAS, Migr from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food pckg - 182.70
Soybean oil fatty acids, hydroxylated - AF, REG, GMP, Defoamer agent compound - 173.340
Soybean protein, isolated - GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods; GRAS/FS, Margarine -166.110
Spearmint - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Spectinomycin - VET, REG, 0.1 ppm (neg res) - In edible tissues of chickens as residue - 556.600; Use: Drinking water - 520.2123b; Injection - 522.2120
Sperm oil - CTG, REG, GMP, Adjuvant in ctgs on fresh citrus fruits - 172.210
Sperm oil, hydrogenated - MISC, REG, GMP, Release agent or lubricant in bakery pans - 173.275
Spike lavender - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Spruce needles & twigs - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Stannous chloride - PRES, GRAS/FS, < 15 ppm calc as tin - Cnd Asparagus in glass - 155.200; GRAS/FS, 15-20 ppm calc as tin - Cnd Asparagus in glass wi lids lined wi inert material -155.200; MISC, REG - < 20 ppm calc as tin - For color retention in glass-packed asparagus - 172.180; GRAS, GMP (< 0.001
Star anise - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Starch - SANI, REG - Comp, wi or without dextrin, of san­itizing sln - 178.1010
Starch, modified food - MISC, FS, GMP, Salad Dressing - 169.150;Vanilla powder - 169.179; Vanilla-vanillin powder -169.182; REG, GMP, See REG for types of modified starch -172.892
Starch, acid modified - GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 182.90
Starch, pregelatinized - GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 182.90; FEED, REG, 30 gm/twice daily - Use in water of newborn calves - 520.2155
Starch, unmodified - GRAS/FS, GMP, Cereal Flours and Rel Prods - Part 137; Salad Dressing - 169.150; Vanilla Powder -169.179; Vanilla-vanillin powder - 169.182; GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 182.90
Starter Distillate - FL/ADJ, GRAS, GMP - 184.1848
Stearic acid - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum -172.615; REG, X-ref wi fatty acids - 172.860; GRAS, GMP, 184.1090
Stearyl alcohol, synthetic - MISC, REG, GMP, X-ref wi fatty alcohols, synthetic - 172.864
Stearyl citrate - PRES, GRAS/FS, <0.15% - Margarine -166.110; GRAS, GMP, <0.15% - 182.6851
Stearyl monoglyceridyl citrate - STAB, REG, GMP, In shortenings - 172.755
Stearoyl propylene glycol hydrogen succinate - See Succistearin
Sterculia gum (karaya gum) - MISC, GRAS - 184.1349
Storax, or styrax - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors only - 172.510
Streptomycin - FEED/VET, REG, ZERO - In edible tissues of chickens, turkeys, swine and in eggs as residue -556.610; Feed use: 558.55; 558.58; 558.62; 558.274; 558.376; 558.430; 558.460; 558.530; Other; Dosage forms - 544.170, 544.173;Injection - 544.275; PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 1
Styrene - MISC, REG, See REG - Ion-exchange mem­brane - 173.20; Ion-exchange resin - 173.25; SY/FL -172.515
Styrene, polymeric compounds - MISC, REG, See REG - Ion-exchange resins - 173.25
Succinic acid - GRAS/FS - Acidified Skim Milk - 131.144; MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1091; In animal feeds - 582.1091
Succinic acid, 2,2-dimethylhydrazide - PLANT REGULATOR, REG, 135 ppm - In dried prunes resulting from application to the growing plums as residue - 193.410
Succinic anhydride - MISC, REG, GMP, Food starch modifier - 172.892
Succinylated gelatin - MISC, REG, < 15% - Comp of microcapsules for flavoring oils - 172.230
Succinylated monoglycerides - EMUL, REG, < 3.0% by weight - In liquid & plastic shortenings - 172.830; MISC, REG/FS, < 0.5% weight of flour - As a dough conditioner -alone or comb/w calcium stearyl-2-lactylate, lactylic stearate or sodium stearyl fumarate (See Part 136) -172.830
Succistearin (stearoyl propylene glycol hydrogen succinate) - EMUL, REG, GMP, In or wi shortenings & edible oils used in cakes, cake mixes, fillings, icings, pastries, and toppings - 172.765
Sucralose - NNS, REG, GMP, Sweetening agent -172.831
Sucrose - NUTRS, GRAS, GMP - 184.1854
Sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB) - STAB, REG, Used as a stabilizer of emulsions of flavoring oils used in nonalcoholic beverages not to exceed 300 milligrams/kilogram of the finished beverage - 172.833
Sucrose fatty acid esters - REG, GMP, For use as emulsifier, texturizer, and component of fruit ctgs - in chewing gum, confections, frostings, surimi-based seafood products, coffee and tea beverages - SeE172.859 for specifications
Sucrose oligoesters - EMUL/STAB, REG, Used in choco­late and butter-substitute spreads at a level not to exceed 2.0% - 172.869
Strawberry aldehyde (C-16 aldehyde) - SY/FL, GRAS, X-ref wi 3-Methyl-3-phenyl glycidic acid ethyl ester - 182.60
Sugar beet extract flavor base - FLAV, REG, GMP, In foods - 172.585
Sulfabromomethazine - VET, REG, 0.1 ppm - As residue in uncooked edible tissues of cattle - 556.620; In milk - do; Uses: As bolus - 520.2170
Sulfachloropyrazine -VET, REG, ZERO - Residue in uncooked edible chicken tissue - 556.625; Use: In drinking water of chickens - 520.2184
Sulfachlorpyridazine - VET, REG, 0.1 ppm - In uncooked edible tissue of calves & swine as residue - 556.630; Uses - 520.2200, 522.2200 (Oral Dosage Forms)
Sulfadimethoxine -VET/FEED, REG, 0.1 ppm - In uncooked edible tissues & by-prods of cattle, chickens, turkeys, and ducks as residue - 556.640; 0.01 ppm - In milk as residue - 556.640; Uses & other info - Drinking water, tablets, suspension - 520.2220: As injection - 522.2220
Sulfadimethoxine + Ormetoprim - FEED, REG, Sulfa 0.1 ppm neg residue - Residues in uncooked edible tissues of chickens, turkeys, cattle, ducks, salmonids and catfish -556.640; Sulfa 0.01 ppm neg residue - Residue in milk -556.640; Ormet 0.1 ppm neg residue - Residue in edible tis­sues of chickens, t
Sulfaethoxypyridazine - FEED/VET, REG, 0.1 ppm -Residue in edible tissues of cattle - 556.650; ZERO -Residues in milk and uncooked edible tissue of swine -556.650; Use: Drinking water of cattle & swine & as tablets - 522.2240;Injection - 522.2240; Use: Feeds - 558.579
Sulfamerazine (N-[4 methyl-l2-pyrimidnyl] sulfanil­amide) - FEED, REG, ZERO - In edible tissues of trout as residue - 556.660; Use if fish feed - 558.582
Sulfamethazine -VET, REG, Use: As tablet or bolus in cattle - 520.2260a; 0.1 ppm - As residue in uncooked edible tissues of cattle, swine, turkeys, chickens - 556.670
Sulfamethazine a) (w/chlortetracycline & penicillin) b) (w/tylosin) - VET/FEED, REG, 0.1 ppm - In uncooked edible tissues of chickens, turkeys, cattle & swine - 556.670; Use in swine feeds - 558.145 (CTC & Pen) and 558.630 (Tylosin); Use in dosage forms - 520.2260
Sulfamethazine sodium -VET, REG, 0.1 ppm - In uncooked edible tissue of chickens, turkeys, cattle & swine - 556.670;Use: In drinking water - 520.2661
Sulfanitran (Acetyl[p-nitrophenyl]sulfanilamide) (w/alk-lomide) - FEED/VET, REG, ZERO - Residue in edible tis­sues & by-prods of chickens - 556.680; Feed uses; 558.376; 558.530; 558.376; Other: Drinking water -520.2320
Sulfaquinoxaline - FEED, REG, Use: Feed for chickens, turkeys, & rabbits - 558.586; Dosage forms: In drinking water for chickens, turkeys, & cattle - 520.2325a; In drench for cattle - 520.2325b
Sulfated butyl oleate - MISC, REG, < 2% by weight in aqueous emulsion - To dehydrate grapes to raisins -172.270
Sulfathiazole (Combined w/Chlortetracycline and Penicillin) - FEED, REG, 0.1 ppm neg residue - In uncooked edible tissues of swine - 556.690; Uses in swine feeds - 558.155
Sulfiting agents - PRES, GRAS, GMP, X-ref wi individual sulfiting agents - 182.3616, 182.3637, 182.3739, 182.3766, 182.3798, 182.3862
Sulfomyxin (N-sulfomethylpolymyxin B-Sodium salt) -VET, REG, ZERO - In edible tissues of chickens & turkeys - 556.700;Use - 522.2340
Sulfonated lignin, primarily as calcium & sodium salts - SP/ADJ, REG, GMP, X-ref - Calcium lignosulfonate -573.600; < 4% of finished pellets, of flake grain or fin feed Pelleting aid, binding aid, of flake grain, source of metabolizable energy in finished feed; < 11% molasses - Surfactant in molasse
Sulfonated 9-octadecanoic acid - SANI, REG, 156-312 ppm - Comp of sanitizing sln - Followed by adequate drain­ing - 178.1010
Sulfonated oleic acid, Na salt - SANI, REG, GMP, Comp of sanitizing sln - Followed by adequate draining - 178.1010
Sulfur dioxide - PRES, GRAS/FS, Not in meats or in foods recognized as a source of Vitamin B1, etc. (See REG) - 182.3862; BL, REG, < 0.05% - Food starch modifier -172.892; FUNG, REG, 10.0 ppm - As residues in/on grapes -40 CFR 180.444
Sulfuric acid - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1095; In animal feeds -582.1095; REG, GMP, Food starch modifier -172.892; REG, Manufacture of modified hop extract -172.560; REG, Manufacture of sodium methyl sulfate -173.385; SANI, REG, GMP, Comp of sanitizing sln -Followed by adequate drainage - 178.1010
Synthetic fatty alcohols - MISC, REG, GMP, See Fatty Alcohols, synthetic - 172.864
Synthetic flavoring substances - SY/FL, REG, GMP, SeE172.515 for listing and adjuvants
Synthetic glycerin - MISC, REG, GMP, In food - 172.866 for specs
Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons -MISC, REG, GMP - 172.882
Synthetic paraffin & succinic derivatives - CTG, REG, GMP, Ctg on fresh citrus, muskmelons, and sweet potatoes
-172.275
T
Tagetes (marigold) oil - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, As oil only -172.510
Talc - GRAS - 182.2437 (magnesium silicate)
Tall oil rosin, glycerol ester of - MISC, REG, GMP, Softener for chewing gum - 172.615
Tallow alcohol, hydrogenated - AF, REG, GMP, Comp of defoaming agent - 173.340
Tallow, fatty acids - MISC, REG, GMP, In foods - 172.860
Tallow, hydrogenated, oxidized or sulfated - AF, REG, GMP, X-ref - Comp of defoaming agent - 173.340
Tamarind - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Tangerine - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Tannic acid - ESO, GRAS; NAT/FL/ADJ, GRAS, See REG, < .01% Baked Goods & Baking Mixes; < .015% - Alc bevs.; < .005% - Nonalc bevs.; < .04% - Froz dairy desserts & soft candy; 0.013% - Hard Candy; < 0.001% - Meat prods -184.1097; REG, In rendered animal fat - See 9 CFR 318.7
Tannin (incl quebracho extract) - BC, REG, GMP, Boiler water additive - 173.310
Tansy - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only; Finished bev thujone free - 172.510
Tarragon - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Tartaric acid - MISC, GRAS/FS; Art Sw Fruit Jellies, Pres, and Jams - 150.141, 150.161; Acidified Skim Milk -131.144; GRAS, GMP - 184.1099; In animal feeds -582.1099
Taurine - FEED, REG, <0.054% of the feed - Nutritional supplement in feed of growing chickens - 573.980
Tea - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Technical white mineral oil - MISC, REG, < 3.0% - In min­eral supplements for animals; < 0.06% - In total ration of feed or feed concentrates - 573.680. Specs - 172.878; 178.3620
Terpene resin (Beta-pinene polymer) - MISC, REG, < 0.07% of weight of capsule - Moisture barrier on soft gelatin capsules; < 7.0% of weight of powder - Moisture barrier on powders of ascorbic acid or its salts - 172.280
Terpene resin (synthetic polymers of -pinene, -pinene, and/or dipentene & natural polymers of -pinene) - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum bases - 172.615
Testosterone propionate -VET, REG, 1.3 ppb - As residues in liver of cattle (heifers) - 556.710; 1.9 ppb - As residues in kidney of cattle (heifers) - do; 2.6 ppb - As residues in fat of cattle (heifers) ; 0.64 ppb - As residues in muscle of cattle (heifers) - do
2,4,5,4'-Tetrachlorodiphenyl sulfone (Tetradifon or Tedion) - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.174
Tetracycline - VET, REG, 0.25 ppm - In uncooked tissues of calves, sheep, swine, chicken & turkeys - 556.720;
Tetraethylenepentamine crosslinked with epichlorohydrin - REG, Comp of ion-exchange resins - 173.25
-[p-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenyl]-omega-hydroxy-poly (oxyethylene) - PEST, REG, GMP - Adjuvant for pes­ticide use - 172.710
Tetrasodium pyrophosphate - SEQ, GRAS/FS, Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Ice Cream - Part 135; BC, REG, Comp of boiler water additive - 173.310; MISC, REG, < 0.3 ppm in flume water - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operation - 173.315
Tetrasodium ethylenediaminetetracetate - MISC, REG, < 0.1 ppm in flume water - Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operation - 173.315
TBHQ (tertiary butylhydroquinone) - AOX, REG, < 0.02% of fat or oil - Used alone or in comb wi BHA and/or BHT -Total antioxidants in food except standardized foods which do not list for such use - 172.185
THBP (2,4,5-trihydroxybutyrophenone) - AOX, REG, < 0.02% of fat or oil - Used alone or in comb wi other permitted antioxidants - Total antioxidants, in foods except standardized foods which do not list for such use - 172.190
Thiamine hydrochloride or mononitrate - NUTR/DS, GRAS/FS, Cereal Flours - Part 137; Macaroni/Noodle Prods - Part 139; Bakery Prods - Part 136; 184.1875/1878, 182.5875/5878
Thiabendazole - FEED/VET, REG, 0.1 ppm neg residue -Residue in edible tissues of cattle, goats, sheep and swine - 556.730; 0.05 ppm neg residue - Residue in milk -556.730; Use: As dosage forms/block - 520.2380; As feed for cattle, goats, sheep, swine & pheasants - 558.615; FUNG, REG, Tolerances for 
Thidiazuron - PEST, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.403
Thiodicarb - INSECT, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.407
Thiodipropionic acid - AOX, GRAS, GMP, < 0.02% of fat or oil - Total antioxidants in food - 182.3109; PS, AOX, Migr from food-pkg material (addition of < 0.005% to food) -181.24
Thiophanate, methyl - FUNG, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.371
Thiourea - AOX, BAN, BANNED PRIOR TO FAA - USE ILLEGAL - 189.190
Thistle, blessed (holy thistle) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Threonine (L form only) - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
Thyme, White Thyme - SP/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Thyme, wild or creeping - SP/FLAV/ESO, GRAS - 182.10, 182.20
Thymol iodide - DS, GRAS, In animal feed as source of trace mineral - 582.80
Thymus capitatus (Spanish origanum) - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Tiamulin - FEED, REG, 0.4 ppm - Residue in swine liver -556.738; Use: Drinking Water - 520.2455; Use: Medicated Feed - 558.600
Tocopherols - PRES, GRAS, GMP - 182.3890, 184.1890; DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.8890
Tocopherol acetate - DS/NUTR, GRAS, GMP - 182.5892, 182.8892
Tolu, Balsam, extract ands gum - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Tonka extract - SY/FL, BAN - See "Coumarin" - 189.130
Torula yeast, dried (Candida utilis) - FLAV, REG, folic acid <0.04 mg/g yeast (approx 0.008 mg/g pteroyglutamic acid/g yeast) - In food, X-ref - Dried Yeasts - 172.896
Toxaphene (chlorinated camphene containing 67-69% chlorine) - PEST, REG, 6 ppm - In or on crude soybean oil from use on growing crop as residue - 40 CFR 193.450
Tragacanth (gum tragacanth) - STAB, GRAS/FS, Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Froz Desserts - Part 135; Food Dress and Flavorings - Part 169; Art Sw Fruit Jellies, Pres, and Jams - 150.141, 150.161; GRAS -184.1351
Tralomethrin - INSECT, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.422
Trenbolone Acetate - VET, REG, 100 ppb - As residues in uncooked liver tissues of cattle - 556.739; 300 ppb - As residues in uncooked kidney tissues of cattle - do; 400 ppb - As residues in uncooked fat tissues of cattle - do; 500 ppb - As residues in uncooked muscle tissues of cattle - do; Use: As 
Trenbolone Acetate & Estradiol - VET, REG, Use: As an implant in feedlot cattle (steers) - 522.2477; As residues in cattle - SeE556.739 (Trenbolone Acetate) and 556.240 (Estradiol)
Triacetin (glyceryl triacetate or 1,2,3-propanetriol triacetate) - MISC, GRAS, GMP - 184.1901; FEED, REG, 6 ppm -In cottonseed hulls as residue - 40 CFR 186.5800
Tricalcium phosphate - MISC/DS, GRAS/FS, < 2% by wt -Vanilla Powder 169.179; Cereal Prods - Part 137
Tricalcium silicate - AC, GRAS, GMP, 2% - In table salt -182.2906
Trichloroethylene - SOLV, REG, 25 ppm (0.0025%) -Decaffeinated ground coffee - 173.290; 10 ppm (0.001%) -Decaffeinated soluble (instant) coffee extract - 173.290; 30 ppm (0.003%) provided that if residues of other chlorinated solvents are also present, total residues in spice oleoresins < 30 ppm (0.
Trichloroisocyanuric acid - SANI, REG, < 100 ppm avail halogen - Followed by adequate drainage - 178.1010
Trichloromelamine - SANI, REG, GMP, See REG -Followed adequate drainage - 178.1010
N-Trichloromethyl mercapto-4-cyclohexene-1,2-dicar-boximide - FUM, REG, See Captan
Triclopyr - FUNG, REG, 0.01 ppm - As residue in milk - 40 CFR 180.417; 0.05 ppm - As residue in meat, fat and meat by-prods of cattle, goats, hogs and sheep - do; 0.5 ppm - As residue in liver & kidneys of cattle, goats, hogs and sheep do
Tricyclazole - FUNG, REG, 30 ppm - Residues in rice bran, rice hulls, and rice polishings
Triethanolamine - MISC, REG, < 2 ppm in flume water -Used in flume water for washing sugar beets prior to slicing operation - 173.315
Triethyl citrate - MISC, GRAS, 0.25% - In dried egg whites -182.1911
Triethylenetetramine cross-linked with epichlorohydrin - REG, Comp of ion-exchange resins - 173.25
Triflouromethane sulfonic acid - CATALYST, REG, < 0.2% of the reaction mixture to catalyze the directed esterification, <0.2 ppm fluoride as residue in product - In prod of cocoa butter substitute - 173.395
Triflumizole - FUNG, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.476
Trifluoromethane sulfonic acid -MISC, REG -173.395
Triforine - FUNG, REG, Tolerances for Residues - 40 CFR 180.382
Trifuran - PEST, REG, 2 ppm - In peppermint & spearmint oil - 40 CFR 185.5900
2,4,5-Trihydroxybutyrophenone (THBP) - AOX, REG, < 0.02% of fat or oil - Total antioxidants, in foods except standardized foods which do not list for such use - 172.190
Trimethylamine - MISC, REG - 173.20
Trisodium nitrilotriacetate - BC, REG, < 5 ppm in boiler feedwater - Not for steam contacting milk or milk prods -173.310
Trisodium phosphate - EMUL, GRAS/FS, < 3% by weight of cheese - Cheese - Part 133; MISC, FS, Art Sw Fruit Jellies, Pres, and Jams - 150.141, 150.161
Triticum (see dog grass) - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Tryptophan (L-form only) - NUTR/DS, REG - l72.320
Tuberose - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Turmeric - SP/ESO, GRAS, Not permitted in standardized mayonnaise (169.140) & salad dressing (169.150) - 182.20
Tunu - MISC, REG, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Turpentine - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Tylosin - FEED/VET, REG, 0.05 ppm - Residue in milk -556.740; 0.2 ppm - Residue in edible tissues of poultry, cattle & swine - do; Residues in eggs - do; Use: Drinking water - 520.2640;As Injection - 522.2640; For cattle, chicken, & swine feed uses see: 558.55; 558.58; 558.274; 558.625; 558.630; 558
Tylosin & Sulfamethazine - FEED, REG, 0.2 ppm - Use in swine feeds - 558.630; Residues (Tylosin) in edible tissue of swine - 556.740; 0.1 ppm - Residues (Sulfamethazine) in edible tissues of swine - 556.740
Tyrosine (L-form only) - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
U
Urea - GRAS, GMP, As formulation/fermentation aid in yeast -raised bakery prods, alc bevs, and gelatin prods -184.1923
Urease enzyme from Lactobacillius fermentum - MISC, GRAS, To inhibit urethane formation in wine - 184.1924
V
Valerian rhizome & roots - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In con­junction w/flavors - 172.510
Valeric acid - MISC, REG, < 1% aliphatic acids - In lye peeling soln for fruits & vegs - 173.315
Valine (L-form only) - NUTR/DS, REG - 172.320
Vanilla - FLAV, GRAS/FS Cacao Prods - Part 163; Food Flavorings - Part 169; SP/ESO, GRAS - 182. 10, 182.20
Vanillin - SYN/FL, GRAS/FS - Cacao Prods - Part 163; Food Flavorings - Part 169; GRAS - 182.60; Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 182.90
Vegetable oils, brominated - FL/ADJ, INTERIM/REG, < 15 ppm - In fruit flavored bevs where not prohibited by Standards - 180.30
Veronica - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Vervain, European - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only -172.510
Verxite flakes - FEED, REG, < 1% - Anticaking or blending agent in ruminant feeds - 573.1000
Verxite granules (Exfoliated hydrobiotite) - FEED, REG, < 5% - Nonnutritive bulking agent in poultry feed -573.1000; Anticaking, blending agent, pelleting aid, or non-nutritive carrier of nutrients in poultry, swine, & ruminant feed - do; < 1.5% - Anticaking, blending agent, etc. in dog food - 573.1
Verxite grits - FEED, REG, < 1% - Partial roughage replacement in ruminant feeds - 573.1000
Vetiver - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only - 172.510
Vinyl acetate - MISC, REG, Modifier for food starch -172.892
Vinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride copolymer - CTG, REG, GMP, Comp of ctg on fresh citrus fruits - 172.210
Violet flowers & leaves - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Violet leaves absolute - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Violet, Swiss - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Virginiamycin - FEED, REG, 0.4 ppm - Residue in edible tissues, kidney, skin, & fat of swine - 556.750; 0.3 ppm -Residue in swine liver - 556.750; 0.1ppm - Residue in swine muscle - 556.750; Use in swin & chicken feeds - 558.635
Vitamin A - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5930, 184.1930; GRAS/FS, Milk and Cream - Part 131; Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; Mellorine - 135.130; Margarine
Vitamin A acetate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5933, 184.1930
Vitamin A palmitate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5936, 184.1930
Vitamin B - NUTR/DS, GRAS
Vitamin B12 - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5945, 184.1945
Vitamin C - See Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin D - NUTR/DS, GRAS, Nutrient supplement -182.5950, 182.5953, 184.1950; > 350 IU/100 g, Cereal Prods - Part 137; 90 IU/100g, Macaroni and Noodle Prods -Part 139; 42 IU/100g, Milk - Part 131; 89 IU/100g - Milk prods
Vitamin D2 - NUTR, REG, Crystalline vitamin D2 as a nutrient supplement at levels not to exceed 50 International Units (IU) per 100 grams (g) of soy beverages, 89 IU per 100 g of soy beverage products, 330 IU per 100 g of soy-based butter substitute spreads, and 270 IU per 100 g of soy-based cheese 
Vitamin D3 - NUTR, REG, Nutrient supplement in calcium-fortified fruit juices and fruit juice drinks at levels not to exceed 100 IU per 240 mL, special dietary soy-protein based meal replacement beverages at = 140 IU per 240mL, special dietary meal replacement bars or other type bars at = 100 IU per
Volatile Fatty Acids: Isobutyric Acid, Isovaleric Acid, methylbutyric Acid, m-Valeric Acid (As calcium or ammonium salts) - ADD, REG, 48-54% as ammonia salts - Use in dairy cattle feeds as source of energy - 573.914; 58-72% as calcium salts
W
Walnut husks, leaves & green nuts - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Wax, paraffin (Fischer-Tropsch) - MISC, REG, GMP, Comp of chewing gum base - 172.615
Wax, paraffin - CTG, FS, Surface ctg for certain cheeses -Part 133
Wheat Starch - GRAS, Migr from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food pkg - 182.70
Wheat gluten, vital - GRAS, GMP - 184.1322
Whey, fermented, ammoniated, condensed - FA, REG, > 30% of dietary crude protein - Source of protein & non-protein nitrogen for cattle - 573.450
Whey, reduced lactose whey, reduced minerals whey, whey protein concentrate -GRAS -184.1979, 184.1979a-c; GRAS/FS, Froz Desserts - Part 135
White Mineral Oil - See Mineral Oil, White - 172.878
Whole fish protein concentrate - DS, REG, See REG, < 20 g/ day when consumed regularly by children up to 8 yrs of age - For household use only - package size < 1 lb net wt - 172.385; < 8 ppm total fluoride content of finished food - When used in manufactured food - 172.385
Wild Cherry bark - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Wood rosin - CTG, REG, GMP, X-ref wi Rosin, wood, For fresh citrus fruits - 172.210
Woodruff, sweet - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In alc bevs only -172.510
X
Xanthan gum - EMUL, REG, GMP, In foods which standards do not preclude use - 172.695; FS, Food Dress - Part 169; Cheeses and Rel Cheese Prods - Part 133; 0.25% max use level liquid feeds for ruminants - In animal feeds (stabilizer, thickener, suspending agent) - 573.
Xylitol - MISC, REG, Amt used is not > that required to produce its intended effect - May be safely used in foods for special dietary uses - 172.395
Y
Yarrow - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In bevs only, finished bevs Thujone free - 172.510
Yeast (Bakers, Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - FS, Egg Prods - Part 160
Yeast, dried - DS, REG - In food provided total folic acid content < 0.04 mg/g of yeast - 172.896; NUTR, GRAS/FS, < 1.5% by wt of finished food - Enriched Corn Grits, Enriched Corn Meal - 137.235, 137.260; Macaroni and Noodle Prods - Part 139
Yeast, dried, inactive - FLAV, REG/FS, < 0.25 parts for each 100 parts by weight of flour used - Bakery Prods - Part 136; Macaroni and Noodle Prods - Part 139; DS, REG - See Yeast, dried - 172.896
Yeast, dried, irradiated - NUTR, GRAS/DS, Enriched Farina as source of Vitamin D - 137.305
Yeast extract (Bakers) - FL/ADJ, GRAS, < 5% in food, See Specs - 184.1983
Yeast, malt sprout extract - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, As a fla­vor enhancer - 172.590
Yeast, torula, dried - DS, REG, GMP - In food provided total folic acid content < 0.04 mg/g of yeast - 172.896; X-Ref wi Torula Yeast
Yellow prussiate of soda (sodium ferrocyanide decahy­drate) - See Prussiate of Soda, Yellow
Yerba santa - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors -172.510
Ylang-ylang - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Yucca, Joshua-tree - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Yucca, Mohave - FL/ADJ, REG, GMP, In conjunction w/flavors - 172.510
Z
Zein, powder - GRAS, GMP - 184.1984
Zedoary - SP, GRAS - 182.10
Zedoary bark - ESO, GRAS - 182.20
Zeranol (Zearalanol) -VET, REG, ZERO - Residues in uncooked edible tissues of sheep - 556.760; 150 ppb - As residues in uncooked edible muscle tissue of cattle -556.760; 300 ppb - As residues in uncooked liver of cattle do; 450 ppb - As residues in uncooked kidney of cattle - do; 600 ppb - As residu
Zinc (acetate, carbonate, chloride, oxide, sulfate) ­NUTR, GRAS, As nutritional dietary supplement in animal feed - 582.80
Zinc bacitracin - FEED, REG, See Bacitracin
Zinc chloride - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5985, 182.8985
Zinc gluconate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5988, 182.8988
Zinc methionine sulfate - NUTR, REG, Tablets - SeE172.399 for specs
Zinc oxide - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5991, 182.8991
Zinc stearate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP, Free from chick edema factor - 182.5994, 182.8994
Zinc sulfate - NUTR/DS, GRAS, GMP - 182.5997, 182.8997; GRAS, Migr to food from paper and paperboard prods - 182.90
Zoalene - FEED, REG, 2 ppm - Residues in uncooked fat of chickens - 556.770; 3 ppm - Residues in uncooked mus­cle meat of chickens - do; 3 ppm - Residues in uncooked muscle meat & liver of turkeys - do; 6 ppm - Residues in uncooked liver & kidneys of chickens - do; Use in chicken & turkey feeds - 55