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    CODEX GENERAL STANDARD FOR FOOD ADDITIVES

    Additives Permitted for Use in Food in General, Unless Otherwise Specified, in Accordance with GMP

    INS NoAdditiveFunctional ClassYear Adopted
    E260 Acetic acid, glacial Acidity regulator, Preservative 1999
    E472a Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol Emulsifier, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1451 Acetylated oxidized starch Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 2005
    E1401 Acid treated starch Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E406 Agar Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E400 Alginic acid Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Foaming agent, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Sequestrant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1402 Alkaline treated starch Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1100 alpha-Amylase from Aspergillus oryzae var. Flour treatment agent 1999
    E1100 alpha-Amylase from Bacillus licheniformis (Carbohydrase) Flour treatment agent 1999
    E1100 alpha-Amylase from Bacillus megaterium expressed in Bacillus subtilis Flour treatment agent 1999
    E1100 alpha-Amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus Flour treatment agent 1999
    E1100 alpha-Amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus expressed in Bacillus subtilis Flour treatment agent 1999
    E1100 alpha-Amylase from Bacillus subtilis Flour treatment agent 1999
    E264 Ammonium acetate Acidity regulator 1999
    E403 Ammonium alginate Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Foaming agent, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Sequestrant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E503(i) Ammonium carbonate Acidity regulator, Raising agent 1999
    E510 Ammonium chloride Flour treatment agent 1999
    E503(ii) Ammonium hydrogen carbonate Acidity regulator, Raising agent 1999
    E527 Ammonium hydroxide Acidity regulator 1999
    E328 Ammonium lactate Acidity regulator, Flour treatment agent 1999
    E300 Ascorbic acid, L- Acidity regulator, Antioxidant, Flour treatment agent 1999
    E162 Beet red Colour 1999
    E1403 Bleached starch Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1101(iii) Bromelain Flavour enhancer, Flour treatment agent, Stabilizer 1999
    E629 Calcium 5'-guanylate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E633 Calcium 5'-inosinate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E634 Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides Flavour enhancer 1999
    E263 Calcium acetate Acidity regulator, Preservative, Stabilizer 1999
    E404 Calcium alginate Antifoaming agent, Bulking agent, Carrier, Foaming agent, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E302 Calcium ascorbate Antioxidant 1999
    E170(i) Calcium carbonate Acidity regulator, Anticaking agent, Carrier, Firming agent, Flour treatment agent, Stabilizer 1999
    E509 Calcium chloride Firming agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E623 Calcium di-L-glutamate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E578 Calcium gluconate Acidity regulator, Firming agent, Sequestrant 1999
    E526 Calcium hydroxide Acidity regulator, Firming agent 1999
    E327 Calcium lactate Acidity regulator, Flour treatment agent 1999
    E352(ii) Calcium malate, DL- Acidity regulator 1999
    E529 Calcium oxide Acidity regulator, Flour treatment agent 1999
    E282 Calcium propionate Preservative 1999
    E552 Calcium silicate Stabilizer 1999
    E516 Calcium sulfate Firming agent, Flour treatment agent, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E150a Caramel I – plain caramel Colour 1999
    E290 Carbon dioxide Carbonating agent, Packaging gas, Preservative, Propellant 1999
    E410 Carob bean gum Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E407 Carrageenan Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E427 Cassia gum Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 2012
    E140 Chlorophylls Colour 1999
    E1001 Choline salts and esters Emulsifier 1999
    E330 Citric acid Acidity regulator, Antioxidant, Sequestrant 1999
    E472c Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol Antioxidant, Emulsifier, Flour treatment agent, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E468 Cross-linked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Crosslinked-cellulose gum) Stabilizer, Thickener 2005
    E424 Curdlan Firming agent, Gelling agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 2001
    E457 Cyclodextrin, alpha- Stabilizer, Thickener 2005
    E458 Cyclodextrin, gamma- Stabilizer, Thickener 2001
    E1400 Dextrins, roasted starch Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E628 Dipotassium 5'-guanylate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E627 Disodium 5'-guanylate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E631 Disodium 5'-inosinate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E635 Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides Flavour enhancer 1999
    E1412 Distarch phosphate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E315 Erythorbic Acid (Isoascorbic acid) Antioxidant 1999
    E968 Erythritol Flavour enhancer, Humectant, Sweetener 2001
    E462 Ethyl cellulose Bulking agent, Carrier, Glazing agent, Thickener 1999
    E467 Ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E297 Fumaric acid Acidity regulator 1999
    E418 Gellan gum Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E575 Glucono delta-lactone Acidity regulator, Raising agent, Stabilizer 1999
    E1102 Glucose oxidase Antioxidant 1999
    E620 Glutamic acid, L(+)- Flavour enhancer 1999
    E422 Glycerol Humectant, Thickener 1999
    E626 Guanylic acid, 5'- Flavour enhancer 1999
    E412 Guar gum Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E414 Gum arabic (Acacia gum) Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Glazing agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E507 Hydrochloric acid Acidity regulator 1999
    E463 ydroxypropyl cellulose Bulking agent, Emulsifier, Foaming agent, Glazing agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1442 Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E464 Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose Emulsifier, Glazing agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1440 Hydroxypropyl starch Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E630 Inosinic acid, 5'- Flavour enhancer 1999
    E953 Isomalt (Hydrogenated isomaltulose) Anticaking agent, Bulking agent, Glazing agent, Sweetener 1999
    E416 Karaya gum Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E425 Konjac flour Carrier, Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E270 Lactic acid, L-, D- and DL- Acidity regulator 1999
    E472b Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol Emulsifier, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E966 Lactitol Emulsifier, Sweetener, Thickener 1999
    E322(i) Lecithin Antioxidant, Emulsifier 1999
    E1104 Lipases Stabilizer 1999
    E160d(iii) Lycopene, Blakeslea trispora Colour 2012
    E160d(i) Lycopene, synthetic Colour 2012
    E160d(ii) Lycopene, tomato Colour 2012
    E504(i) Magnesium carbonate Acidity regulator, Anticaking agent, Colour retention agent 1999
    E511 Magnesium chloride Colour retention agent, Firming agent, Preservative 1999
    E625 Magnesium di-L-glutamate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E580 Magnesium gluconate Acidity regulator, Firming agent, Flavour enhancer 1999
    E528 Magnesium hydroxide Acidity regulator, Colour retention agent 1999
    E504(ii) Magnesium hydroxide carbonate Acidity regulator, Anticaking agent, Carrier, Colour retention agent 1999
    E329 Magnesium lactate, DL- Acidity regulator, Flour treatment agent 1999
    E530 Magnesium oxide Anticaking agent 1999
    E553(i) Magnesium silicate, synthetic Anticaking agent 1999
    E518 Magnesium sulfate Firming agent, Flavour enhancer 2009
    E296 Malic acid, DL- Acidity regulator 1999
    E965(i) Maltitol Bulking agent, Emulsifier, Humectant, Stabilizer, Sweetener 1999
    E965(ii) Maltitol syrup Bulking agent, Emulsifier, Humectant, Stabilizer, Sweetener 1999
    E421 Mannitol Anticaking agent, Bulking agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Sweetener 1999
    E461 Methyl cellulose Bulking agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E465 Methyl ethyl cellulose Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E460(i) Microcrystalline cellulose (Cellulose gel) Anticaking agent, Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Foaming agent, Glazing agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E471 Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids Antifoaming agent, Emulsifier, Stabilizer 1999
    E624 Monoammonium L-glutamate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E622 Monopotassium L-glutamate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E621 Monosodium L-glutamate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E1410 Monostarch phosphate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E941 Nitrogen Packaging gas, Propellant 1999
    E942 Nitrous oxide Antioxidant, Foaming agent, Packaging gas, Propellant 1999
    E1404 Oxidized starch Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1101(ii) Papain Flavour enhancer 1999
    E440 Pectins Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1200 Polydextroses Bulking agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E964 Polyglycitol syrup Sweetener 2001
    E1202 Polyvinylpyrrolidone, insoluble Colour retention agent, Stabilizer 1999
    E632 Potassium 5’-inosinate Flavour enhancer 1999
    E261 Potassium acetates Acidity regulator, Stabilizer 1999
    E402 Potassium alginate Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Foaming agent, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Sequestrant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E303 Potassium ascorbate Antioxidant 1999
    E501(i) Potassium carbonate Acidity regulator, Stabilizer 1999
    E508 Potassium chloride Flavour enhancer, Gelling agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E332(i) Potassium dihydrogen citrate Acidity regulator, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E577 Potassium gluconate Acidity regulator, Stabilizer 1999
    E501(ii) Potassium hydrogen carbonate Acidity regulator, Raising agent, Stabilizer 1999
    E351(i) Potassium hydrogen malate Acidity regulator 1999
    E525 Potassium hydroxide Acidity regulator 1999
    E326 Potassium lactate Acidity regulator, Antioxidant 1999
    E351(ii) Potassium malate Acidity regulator 1999
    E283 Potassium propionate Preservative 1999
    E515(i) Potassium sulfate Acidity regulator 1999
    E460(ii) Powdered cellulose Anticaking agent, Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Foaming agent, Glazing agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E407a Processed eucheuma seaweed (PES) Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 2001
    E944 Propane Propellant 1999
    E280 Propionic acid Preservative 1999
    E1101(i) Protease Flavour enhancer, Flour treatment agent, Glazing agent, Stabilizer 1999
    E1204 Pullulan Glazing agent, Thickener 2009
    E470(i) Salts of myristic, palmitic and stearic acids with ammonia, calcium, potassium and sodium Anticaking agent, Emulsifier, Stabilizer 1999
    E470(ii) Salts of oleic acid with calcium, potassium and sodium Anticaking agent, Emulsifier, Stabilizer 1999
    E551 Silicon dioxide, amorphous Anticaking agent, Antifoaming agent, Carrier 1999
    E262(i) Sodium acetate Acidity regulator, Preservative, Sequestrant 1999
    E401 Sodium alginate Bulking agent, Carrier, Emulsifier, Foaming agent, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Sequestrant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E301 Sodium ascorbate Antioxidant 1999
    E500(i) Sodium carbonate Acidity regulator, Anticaking agent, Raising agent 1999
    E466 Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Cellulose gum) Bulking agent, Emulsifier, Firming agent, Gelling agent, Glazing agent, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E469 Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, enzymatically hydrolysed (Cellulose gum, enzymatically hydrolyzed) Stabilizer, Thickener 2001
    E331(i) Sodium dihydrogen citrate Acidity regulator, Emulsifier, Sequestrant, Thickener 1999
    E350(ii) Sodium DL-malate Acidity regulator, Humectant 1999
    E316 Sodium erythorbate (Sodium isoascorbate) Antioxidant 1999
    E365 Sodium fumarates Acidity regulator 1999
    E576 Sodium gluconate Sequestrant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E500(ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate Acidity regulator, Anticaking agent, Raising agent 1999
    E350(i) Sodium hydrogen DL-malate Acidity regulator, Humectant 1999
    E514(ii) Sodium hydrogen sulfate Acidity regulator 2012
    E524 Sodium hydroxide Acidity regulator 1999
    E325 Sodium lactate Acidity regulator, Antioxidant, Bulking agent, Humectant, Thickener 1999
    E281 Sodium propionate Preservative 1999
    E500(iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate Acidity regulator, Anticaking agent, Raising agent 1999
    E514(i) Sodium sulfate Acidity regulator 2001
    E420(i) Sorbitol Bulking agent, Humectant, Sequestrant, Stabilizer, Sweetener 1999
    E420(ii) Sorbitol syrup Bulking agent, Humectant, Sequestrant, Stabilizer, Sweetener 1999
    E1420 Starch acetate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1405 Starches, enzyme treated Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E473a Sucrose Oligoesters, Type I and Type II Emulsifier, Stabilizer 2012
    E553(iii) Talc Anticaking agent, Glazing agent, Thickener 1999
    E417 Tara gum Gelling agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E957 Thaumatin Flavour enhancer, Sweetener 1999
    E171 Titanium dioxide Colour 1999
    E413 Tragacanth gum Emulsifier, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E1518 Triacetin Carrier, Emulsifier, Humectant 1999
    E380 Triammonium citrate Acidity regulator 1999
    E333(iii) Tricalcium citrate Acidity regulator, Firming agent, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E332(ii) Tripotassium citrate Acidity regulator, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E331(iii) Trisodium citrate Acidity regulator, Emulsifier, Sequestrant, Stabilizer 1999
    E415 Xanthan gum Emulsifier, Gelling agent, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999
    E967 Xylitol Emulsifier, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener 1999